Huggins, W.J. “…The Defeat of the Squadron of Don Miguel…”
Huggins, W.J. “…The Defeat of the Squadron of Don Miguel…”
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Huggins, W.J. “…The Defeat of the Squadron of Don Miguel…”

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W.J. Huggins.  “…The Defeat of the Squadron of Don Miguel…” 

Engraved by E. Duncan.  London: Huggins, 1833.  Late 19th century restrike from original plate.  1/8 x 20 5/8.  Aquatint.  Original hand color.  Very good condition. 

William John Huggins (1781-1845) was a member of the Royal Academy in the 1830s and was marine painter to George IV.  His most famous painting is the “Battle of Trafalgar” that hangs in Hampton Court.  His famous paintings were translated into popular prints, including “South Sea Whale Fishery,” which illustrates the multiple functions of whaling in a single print.

Here Huggins commemorates the climax of the conflict surrounding the Portuguese throne.   Having married his brother’s daughter, Don Miguel pushed past his regency to usurp the throne from his young wife, Donna Maria.  His absolutist rule of terror came to an end when Don Pedro, Emperor of Brazil and father to the rightful queen, arrived in Oporto with his fleet and survived eleven months of siege before defeating Don Miguel.  In this print, Huggins exposes the British support for Donna Maria, celebrating the defeat of her foe