James Gillray (1756-1815). "The Revolution of 1831. As Prophecyed by that learned Astrologer General, Ikey Wether-bridge. to whom this plate is dedicated, (Ex officio) by his Admiring Friend the Publisher -- 'die hard, die nobly, die like demi-Gods!!!' 'It is supposed, if the dog Johnny were permitted he would soon destroy the whole Breed.'"
London: S.W. Fores, 1831. 8 1/4 x 12 3/8. Etching. Original hand color. George 16690.
One of the best-known British caricaturists, James Gillray made a name for himself through his witty compositions, capable draftsmanship, and exquisite detail. Through his copious political satires on the era of King George III, he set a new standard for the genre, becoming a measure by which his successors were judged. The prints he published through Hannah Humphrey's shop in London have become archetypes for caricaturists and include such famous images as world rulers carving up the globe at dinner.
Left to right, William IV protruding from Windsor Castle observes Lord Grey with a broom and a Bull Dog (John Bull) sweeping reform through rat burrows (Borough politics). One rat (Wetherell) has a human head.
Other caricatures by James Gillray: