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[ 19th Century U.S. regional maps ]
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Rigobert Bonne. "Les États Unis de l'Amérique Septentrionale, Partie Orientale." Paris, ca. 1770s. 13 1/2 x 9 1/4 plus full margins. No. 117 from an atlas. Engraving by André. Very good condition.
Rigobert Bonne (1727-95) was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map is a good example of his work, including precisely drawn coastal profiles and details, and considerable inland information on orography, rivers, towns, and political boundaries. $250
Rigobert Bonne. "Le Nouveau Mexique." Paris, 1778. 8 x 12 1/4. Engraving by Dien. With some light off-setting. Otherwise, very good condition. Lowery: 545.
Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map of the southern part of North America is a good example of his work. It shows as far north as Santa Fe and to just below Guadalahara, also including the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. The southern coast of the United States in included to western Florida, and the river systems are included inland, especially for present-day Texas. A fine eighteenth century map of the region, with good early information of this American southwest. $325
Rigobert Bonne. "Carte de la Partie Nord, des Etats Unis, de l'Amérique Septentrionale." From Bonne's Atlas de toutes les parties connues du Globe Terrestre. Paris, 1780. 8 3/8 x 12 1/2. Engraving. Very good condition.
Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map is of the region running from the southern part of Maine (here shown as part of "Machasuzet Bay") to the Chesapeake Bay, and extending to the "Montagnes D'Allagany." It was issued just at the end of the American Revolution, and indeed this is one of the earliest maps to name the United States ("Etats Unis"), not surprising for a French map. The northeastern region was fairly well settled by the Revolution, and Bonne had good information to show towns, rivers, forts and other features in the area. The detail is clearly presented, and fascinating to study. This is a fine map of the American northeast from the very beginning of our country's history. $250
From Michel-Guillaume Saint Jean De Crevecoeur's Voyage dans la Haute Pennsylvanie. Paris: Crapelet, 1801. Engraving by P.F. Tardieu. Folds as issued. Very good condition.
Detailed maps of regions of the United States issued just at the beginning of the nineteenth century. These maps were made to accompany Crevecoeur's work on his travels through the United States. Of particular note are the many roads cris-crossing the region, presenting an important aspect of economic, military, and social life of the period. Wonderful maps from the nascent days of the United States.
An interesting map of part of the United States, issued in Dr. R. Brookes' Gazetteer of the world from 1812. The states shown are: most of Pennsylvania, New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Masachusetts, New Hampshire, and Maine as it appeared as a "district." Besides political boundaries the map shows major mountain ranges and waterways. $225
John Thomson. "Northern Provinces of the United States." With inset view of "The Great Falls of Niagara." From A New General Atlas. Edinburgh: J. Thomson, 1817. 19 1/2 x 23 1/4. Engraving by Hewitt. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
In the early nineteenth century, the British cartographic publishers were producing the finest maps in the world. John Thomson, working in Edinburgh, was one of the leading British cartographers and his maps are good evidence of the quality of work issued in Great Britain at the time. This striking map of the southeastern U.S. is an particularly good example of his work. It was issued at an interesting period in the history of the American southeast. The state of Georgia is of particular note, for its borders are shown as they were in 1798 just before the Mississippi Territory was established, extending from the Atlantic to the Mississippi. It is not unusual for a British map maker to be late in reflecting internal American information on his maps, but the nearly twenty year lapse here makes one wonder whether Thomson was in fact a Georgian chauvinist. While somewhat anachronistic, the information of settlements, rivers, mountains, and ethnological details is fascinating. Overall, a fine map of the American southeast. $1,200
Sidney Hall. "United States." London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1824. 7 x 9 1/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Some off-setting. Very good condition.
A map of the United States by British cartographer Sidney Hall, one of the leading cartographers of his day. This precise map is a nice example of his work. Towns and political boundaries are noted; rivers and other topography is shown with good detail throughout. An inset of Florida appears in the lower right. $175
"Der Nordliche Theil der Vereinigten Staaten von Nord America." Plate 47 from Stieler's Hand-Atlas. Gotha: Adolf Stieler and Christian Gottlieb Reichard, 1832. Engraving. Original outline color. Faint waterstain and scattered spotting. Else, fine condition.
Stieler's Hand-Atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the 19th century. Known for its maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to include engraved maps to the end of the century. The maps were regularly updated and this shows the impressive amount of information. All of Stieler's maps show lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, and roads all clearly presented. A most impressive map. $375
"Map of the United States of America. And Nova Scotia, &c, &c." From John H. Hinton's The History and Topography of the United States of America. London: I.T. Hinton & Simpkin & Marshall, -1832. Steel engraving by Fenner Sears & Co. Discoloration along center fold, and a few scattered spots; else, very good condition.
A lovely example of a steel engraving from one of the more popular nineteenth century view and map books, Hinton's History and Topography. This work contained text and numerous illustrations documenting the history and topography of the United States. Hinton used many different artists, all the engravings being made from drawings made on the spot. For their wide coverage, accurate detail, and pleasing appearance, these are amongst the finest small images of early nineteenth century America to be found anywhere. The London edition was the only one with maps of the regions throughout the United States. $225
Thomas G. Bradford. "United States Exhibiting The Railroads & Canals." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Boston: Wm. B. Ticknor, 1835. 7 3/8 x 9 5/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.
An interesting map of the United States featuring the early development of the canal and rail system. The map extends from the southern half of New Hampshire to the mouth of the Mississippi River, with information on the states, territories, rivers and major towns there within. On the map Bradford has indicated canals and railroads "Chartered," "Making" and "Finished," though he notes that the railroad from Plattsburg to Ogdensburg is omitted. Thus this map provides a snapshot of these two important modes of transportation at a very early state in the development of the national network. $150
Thomas G. Bradford. "United States." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: American Stationer's Company, 1835. 7 5/8 x 10. Engraving. Original outline color. Some light spotting. Overall, very good condition.
A precisely engraved map of the United States by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher, showing the nation early in the fourth decade of the nineteenth century. This map is very up-to-date in showing the political and topographical situation with great accuracy. Detail is very good, showing rivers, lakes, states, territories, and major towns. In the west, four large territories are shown, independent Texas is named, Indian tribes are located, and the "Great American Desert" is indicated running from the border with "British America" to Texas. A good American map of the nation in its period of western expansion. $145
"The United States. Executed by Phebe Cutter." [Schoolgirl map of the United States]. Drawn ca. 1835. Ink on wove paper. Original outline watercolor. 15 1/2 x 19 1/8 (neatlines). Narrow margins. Bottom right corner lightly chipped, not affecting image. Paper somewhat time-toned. Repaired tear at bottom just into neat lines. Overall, good condition.
As an outgrowth of the same educational thrust that drove the production of embroidery samplers, schoolgirl maps represent a progression in attitudes toward girlhood education and female intellect. Where embroidery showed off a young lady's refinement and artistic skill, a hand-drawn map indicated those refinements as well as lessons on more worldly topics. Though such a map would hardly see use outside the domestic setting, the instruction of map-drawing for young girls indicates a desire for females to have greater knowledge of the shape of the world.
Even a cursory glance at this schoolgirl's map of the United States reveals that lessons in geography and history must have been extensive indeed. Phebe Cutter's meticulous map includes detailed topographic, demographic and information. Her rendering of coastal inlets, bays, and islands is remarkable: the shading of coastal lines is finer than usually seen on such hand-drawn maps. Throughout the unsettled portions of the south and west, Native American tribes are noted.
We can date this map to the mid 1830s as the capital of Illinois is Vandalla, Arkansas is partially shown with its extended borders, Missouri is a state and the Northwest and Michigan Territories are also indicated. All in all, a quintessential example of the schoolgirl map. $2,000
J. Drayton after Tanner. "United States of America." From Encyclopedia of Geography. Philadelphia: 1837. 9 1/8 x 10 5/8. Engraved by J. Yeager. Original hand outline coloring. Very good condition.
An excellent map of the United States interpreted by J. Drayton after the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, and political boundaries. In this map, Tanner shows the United States as it appeared just before the middle of the nineteenth century. This was a period of great development and change and Drayton/Tanner's map illustrates this nicely. $175
Carl Radefeld. "Nord-Americanische Freistaaten. Nach den besten Quellen entw. u. gezeiehn v. Hauptm. Radefeld. 1845." Hildburghhausen: J. Meyer, 1845. 11 1/2 x 13 7/8. Engraving. Original outline color. With some staining. Otherwise, good condition.
A map showing the United States, with Texas as a republic, and Mexico just before it lost Upper California in the Mexican-American War. Issued in Meyer's Handatlas, the map provides much topographical and political information of the U.S., with mostly rivers and lakes in upper Mexico. Of note in that region is the typical double image of the Great Salt Lake and the non-existent rivers running from these lakes into San Francisco Bay. Texas, shaped like a heart, is shown just before, but in the year of, its annexation by the United States. The states and territories are named using a key in the lower left, which interestingly differentiates between slave and non-slave states. Outlines of "districks" as well as states are evident in the Trans-Mississippi West. $650
W. Williams. "No. 5. Map of the United States." From Mitchell's School and Family Geography. Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, [1852-]1854. 10 5/8 x 16 7/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate by W. Williams. Original hand color wash. Some scattered spos, manuscript in margins & light wear. OVerall, good condition.
An excellent map of the United States from S. Augustus Mitchell's influential School Atlas. The maps shows the continental U.S. with good detail throughout, including a large Nebraska Territory reaching all the way to the Canadian border. The map depicts topographical information with clear precision, marking towns, rivers, roads, and counties. Other interesting features abound, including indications of mines, forts and Indian tribes. $200
"Map of the Southern States." From Harper's Weekly Magazine. New York: November 1861. 20 x 29 3/4 (neat lines plus margins). Wood engraving. With folds as issued. Archival cloth backing. Very good condition of a map that is usually found tattered at the edges from folding out of the periodical. Stephenson, Civil War Maps, 14.55.
Harper's Weekly was an illustrated newspaper issued in New York, beginning just before the Civil War and continuing for most of the nineteenth century. Its mission was best described by its subtitle, "A Journal of Civilization." The newspaper had copious articles, but it communicated much of its message through excellent and topical pictures which were drawn by its many staff artists. These pictures were of current events, and it was this paper which supplied the American public with most of the contemporary images of the Civil War. Besides the scenes of soldiers and battlefields, Harper's included a number of maps. This map depicted the entire region of the south and border states and it was intended as the general map which readers could use to follow events. $750
"Johnson's New Military Map of the United States showing the Forts, Military Posts &c. With Enlarged Plans of Southern Harbors From Authentic Data Obtained at the War Department Washington." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1861. 17 1/2 x 23 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Light stains in bottom margin. Else, very good condition.
With the start of the Civil War, the military situation in the United States was, naturally, of great interest to the readers of Johnson's atlas, so the firm of Johnson & Ward added this "New Military Map." The focus is on the situation of all the U.S. forts and posts throughout the country, including those in the South. As an important element in the war was the access to maritime trade, with the Union blockade of Southern ports, the firm also put in nine inset maps of various southern harbors, running from Baltimore to New Orleans.
The political division of the United States is also of interest in this map. Up to 1860, the increased population of settlers in the trans-Mississippi west created considerable pressure to create new territories there, but the debate over whether these would be free or slave territories prevented Congress from acting. As soon as the Southern Congressmen left, when their states seceded, Northern Congressmen could pass what they wanted and three new territories were created in 1861. These new territories, Colorado, Nevada and Dakota, are all shown here. However, also shown is a territory not yet created and certainly not created as it is shown here, viz. Arizona.
The settlers in the southern part of New Mexico had been trying since the late 1850s to create a territory of Arizona out of the southern part of that territory, but the fact that this would be a southern leaning, slave territory prevented this from happening. When the Confederacy was created, those settlers decided they didn't want to wait, so they voted themselves as a Confederate Territory. The U.S. Congress did eventually, in 1863, create an Arizona Territory, but running north-south, to the west of New Mexico, so it would not be a "southern," slave territory. The Johnson & Ward firm believed that the Arizona Territory was going to be created as originally proposed, and so that is what they show here, making this map both erroneous and particularly interesting. $450
"Map Of The United States, and Territories. Together With Canada &c." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell Jr., 1864. Lithograph. Original hand color. 13 1/4 x 21 1/4. With decorative floral border. Very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases issued in 1867. It depicts the political divisions of the country just about the time that the Wyoming Territory was created (1869). This territory was created out of the southwestern part of the Dakota Territory and this map names it and roughly indicates its proposed borders with a dotted line. Detail in the map is accurate, clear and copious. The eastern part of the country is filled with railroads, roads, towns, and so forth, and the trans-Mississippi west also contains an impressive amount of information on forts, settlements, rivers, some mountains, and Indian territories. Of particular note are the depictions of the "Overland Mail Route" and the proposed railroad routes. $425
"The United States of America." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, -1866. 15 1/2 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Crease next to centerfold and some light spotting. Overall, very good condition.
A Colton map, this of the United States in 1866. Just two years before this map was issued, Montana Territory was created out of Idaho Territory, and that is the configuration shown here, with just to the south the territory that would later become Wyoming shown as part of the Dakota Territory. This map was issued just at the beginning of the dramatic post-Civil War development of the American west and it presents detail of this region that is fascinating. Rivers and lakes and some topography are shown, but it is the forts, mines, and towns which are of particular interest. Also shown are the roads and trails that had been and continued to be traveled by those settling or crossing the American west. For instance, the Santa Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the Pony Express routes are all clearly documented, as are some of the early explorer's routes. A fine snap shot image of the United States just after the Civil War from one of the top American map publishing firms of the mid-nineteenth century. $325
This large and highly detailed six sheet map of the United States is from the Stieler Hand-Atlas of 1875. This atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the latter 19th century. Known for maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to be issued well into the 20th century. In this edition, the maps are dated 1871-5. Close examination of the maps shows many features that one would expect to find only on much larger maps. Lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, roads and railroads are all clearly presented, making this as fine a map of the United States at the time of the Centennial. Northern Mexico and southern Canada is shown, as well as four inset maps of the New York City and Boston metropolitan areas and the southern tips of Florida and Texas. $950
"Map Of The United States, and Territories. Together With Canada &c." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr., 1876. Lithograph. Original hand color. 13 1/4 x 21 1/4. Very good condition.
A later edition of the S.A. Mitchell map of the United States, issued during the country's Centennial year. Quite changed from the map of the previous decade and with more topographical features than the Gray map of three years before. $225
Editions of this map published in other years:
A map of the railroad lines in the American southeast produced by one of the most important map publishers of the second half of the nineteenth century, the Colton firm out of New York. This firm, which went through a number of different manifestations, issued both atlas maps and attractive folding maps such as this one. This map was issued to accompany the first annual report, for 1881, of the Norfolk & Western Railroad Company. The map is folded into the back of the pamphlet, and its copious detail of the railroad systems in the American southeast would have provided excellent illumination for the annual report. Detail is given of rivers and towns from Massachusetts to Iowa and from Florida to Louisiana. All the myriad railroads in this region are also shown, which those of the "Virginia, Tennessee and Georgia Air Line" highlighted in color. This railroad system was comprised of the Norfolk and Western, Shenandoah Valley, East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia railroad systems. Ship connections from these lines to Baltimore, New York and Boston are also indicated. Scarce and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of the American southeast from about a century ago. $650
Crawford C. Anderson. "The Pennsylvania Railroad and Connections." Buffalo: J.W. Clement Co., Matthews-Northrup Works, ca. 1941. 55 1/2 x 32. Cereograph. Full printed color. Full margins. Backed on fabric as issued with original rollers. Very good condition.
A bright railroad map showing the Pennsylvania Railroad System and its connections from Kansas City to Maine and as far south as Kentucky. Dated by internal evidence of rail lines. $475
19th Century U.S. regional maps
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