A stunning Renaissance map by Jodocus Hondius showing the Turkish Empire. In 1604, Hondius purchased the plates for Gerard Mercator's famous Atlas and began to issue new editions beginning in 1606. These editions contained maps from Mercator's plates, but Hondius also began to include his own maps with new information, such as this map of the Ottoman Empire.
The map was drawn shortly after the period when the empire had reached its zenith under Sultan Süleyman the Magnificent (1520-1566). The Ottoman Empire remained an important political, military and economic power in the Middle East, Asia and Europe for centuries to come and this map reflects the interest Europeans had with this exotic and powerful empire. The map was drawn just at the end of the "Long War" (1593-1606), between the Habsburgs and the Turks, which was settled at the Peace of Zsitvatorok. This treaty established Hungary as an equal power to the Ottoman Empire and firmly established the border between the two. At the time the map was issued Ahmed I was Sultan, but in the wonderful title cartouche is a picture of "Sultan Mahumet." This represents Mehmet III, though it was really a generic image of the European image of the Sultan of the Turks. The map is impressive in its geographic detail, but the mannerist title cartouche and portrait make this an aesthetic gem as well as a historic artifact of great interest. $1,500
John Speed. "The Turkish Empire. Newly Augmented by John Speed." From A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World. London: Roger Rea the Elder & the Younger,  1662-65. Engraving. 15 1/4 x 19 3/4. Hand color. Very good condition. Rare. Ref: Tooley, p. 193
John Speed (1552-1629) was one of the most famous British mapmakers of the seventeenth century. He is noted for placing England into the mainstream of map publishing that had been dominated by the Dutch. He began with maps of Great Britain in his atlas, Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, in 1611, issued by John Sudbury and George Humble. Speed spent over 15 years assembling the information for this atlas, and it is one of the most influential atlases of the British Isles ever published. While Speed is well known for his British maps, he is equally renowned for the maps from his Prospect of the World, an atlas in which he issued maps of other parts of the globe. These maps were quite up-to-date for their time, but they are particularly desirable for their wonderful decorative panels around the sides containing illustrations of native costumes and principal cities of the areas shown.
Distinguished by the following imprint, "Are to be sold by Roger Rea the Elder and younger at the Golden Crosse against the Exchange." this publishing is a scarce edition. The Reas had purchased the rights to Speed's work from William Garrett in 1659, who had previously purchased them from the widow of William Humble. A beautifully decorative map, surrounded by eight views of principal cities in Turkey, and ten costumed figures. $6,500
John Senex. "A Map of Turkey, Arabia and Persia. Corrected from the latest Travels & . . . Observations of ye Royal Society . . .." From A New General Atlas. London: J. Senex, 1721. 18 x 22. Double folio. Engraving (outline color). Full margins. Original outline color. Excellent condition.
A large and attractive map of the Middle East based on the original map by the French geographer Guillaume Delisle and revised by John Senex. An equal wealth of information is illustrated in southern Europe and north Africa. The title is framed by an exquisite cartouche decorated with images of the Muslims who inhabit these lands. A fine document. $1,200
"Turkey in Asia." From Robert Wilkinson's General Atlas of the World, Quarters, Empires, Kingdoms, States etc. with Appropriate Tables. London: Richard Wilkinson, 1808. 8 5/8 x 11. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A typically detailed and neat map of Turkey from a British atlas of the early nineteenth century. There is an impressive amount of detail, especially of rivers and mountain ranges. The political divisions between the Natolia, Karaman, Amasia, Turcomania, Kurdistan, Al Gezira, Irak [sic] and Imireta are indicated. A very nice picture of the region at the beginning of the nineteenth century. With the hand color and precise engraving, the map is decorative as well as historically interesting. $50
C. Gros. "Geographical, Statistical and Historical Map of Turkey." Philadelphia: M. Carey & Son, 1821. 8 1/2 x 18 (maps); 16 1/2 x 20 1/8 (full sheet). Engraving by J. Yeager. Full original hand color. Light toning along center fold. Overall, very good condition.
A map of Turkey issued to illustrate Lavoisne's Historical Atlas. The maps in this atlas were issued on sheets containing text around or below the maps giving the situation and history of the areas depicted. The map shows Turkey in two parts: in Europe and in Asia, which was the political situation near the beginning of the nineteenth century, as known at the time. The text below presents the history, physical description and important dates indicated on the map itself. An excellent visual and verbal history of the country. $150
Maps by Anthony Finley. From A New General Atlas. Philadelphia: A. Finley, 1825. 8 1/2 x 11 1/8. Engravings by Young & Delleker. Full original color. Fine condition.
Early in the nineteenth century, Anthony Finley was a great popularizer of maps out of Philadelphia and one of the leading cartographic publishers in America. His copper engraved maps are noted for their crisp appearance and interesting detail. These maps of Turkey, at an interesting period of her history, are typical of his work. Towns, rivers, mountains, and political divisions are indicated, and the bright color makes these maps as attractive as they are informative.
A handsome map of Turkey by British cartographer J. Dower. Though other countries, including the United States, had by then developed cartographic industries of considerable quality, British map publishers were still the best in the world. This map is typical of their output, with clear and precise engraving depicting copious up-to-date information. Towns, rivers, roads, political boundaries and topography are shown from throughout. The hand coloring, beautifully applied, makes this map as handsome as it is interesting. $145
Thomas G. Bradford. "Caucasian Countries and Turkey in Asia." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Boston: J.H. Wilkins & R.B. Carter, 1842. 7 7/8 x 9 7/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Light overall time toning. Very good condition.
A nice map from Boston publisher and cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford. This image of the region stretching from "Independent Tartary" to the Strait of Bab-al-Mandab contains information of towns, some orography, rivers and lakes is quite detailed, and light outline color indicates political divisions. $45
"Turkey in Asia." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 12 1/4 x 15 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new roads, towns, and other information. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. Inset showing the "Environs of Constantinople". An attractive and fascinating document. $60
Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr. "Map of Persia, Turkey in Asia, Afghanistan, Beloochistan." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1860. 10 5/8 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
At mid-century, Philadelphia was still the center of American cartographic publishing, and the leading American map publisher was the firm of S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. His maps are noted for the interesting details they included, and this map presents with more information than many other maps of the region from the period. An inset map of Palestine or the Holy Land is in the lower left. $55
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