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Published by Mathew Carey in 1818, shortly after the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Mexico, or "New Spain" as such included not only present-day Mexico, but El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, all subject to the Spanish Crown. The northern boundary as shown here extended well north of Santa Fe, while the eastern border is located at the Sabine River--a boundary which was to moved west by the treaty accords following the 1819 War between Spain and the United States. France served as the model for colonial revolution in the Spanish Empire, and the Carey map shows Mexico virtually at the end of the colonial era. By 1820 the provincial government under Augustin de Iturbide had revolted against the new liberal monarchy for fear of modernization. This was the beginning of a 60-year period defined by one internal rival struggling against the other that would end only with the second election of Porfirio Diaz in 1884. The southern end of the nation similarly reacted in their own, local interests forming the Central American nations of modern times. $850
Daniel Lizars. "Mexico & Guatimala." Edinburgh: D. Lizars, ca. 1826. 15 7/9 x 19 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. A few light spots in margins. Else, fine condition.
A brightly colored map of Mexico and Central America by Daniel Lizars. New California is named in the top left, but little information is shown, while New Mexico is clearly indicated along the Rio Grande. The border between the United States and Mexico follows the Red River and then the coloring makes it dip down to follow the Rio Grande in what is today western Texas. There is a dotted line running north from the Red River, following the border as agreed with Spain in the Adam-Onís Treaty of 1819. As another edition of this map shows the region west of this line as belonging to Mexico, this might simply have been a mistake by the colorist. Detail includes topography, rivers, towns, intendencias, and a few roads, including one through present-day Texas to Nacogdoches. The only other settlements in Texas shown are San Antonio and Loredo. $975
J. Finlayson. "Mexico and Internal Provinces." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 15 x 14 1/2 (map); 16 3/4 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. This map shows Mexico, including today's Texas, based upon "Humboldt's Map & other Documents." This refers to Alexander von Humboldt's "A Map of New Spain" from 1811, a seminal document in the history of the mapping of Mexico. It shows impressive detail of towns, rivers, lakes, some orography, roads and political divisions. Though a number of towns are indicated in modern-day Texas, little was known of this region at the time. In contrast, the central region of Mexico is comprehensively mapped. $650
Freidrich von Stuülpnagel. "Nord America." from Stieler's Hand-Atlas. Gotha: Adolf Stieler and Christian Gottlieb Reichard, 1832. Engraving by L. Thiel. Original outline color. Double-folio, 11 1/2 x 14 1/4. Faint waterstain and scattered spotting. Else, fine condition.
Stieler's Hand-Atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the 19th century. Known for its maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to include engraved maps to the end of the century. The maps were regularly updated and this shows the impressive amount of information. All of Stieler's maps show lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, and roads all clearly presented. A most impressive map detailing North America on the eve of Texas Independence. $575
A. Le Sage. "Confederazione Messicana tratta dale ultime mappe di Humboldt e di Buchon per l'Atl. di A. Le Sale." Venice: Girolamo Tasso, 1835. 12 3/4 x 19. Engraving. Original color. Very good condition.
A map showing the settled areas of Mexico issued just the year before Texas Independence. The map was based by Le Sage from the work of Humboldt and Buchon and issued in an Italian atlas published by Girolamo Tasso. Topographical features, especially the mountains running up into "Nuovo Messico," are emphasized, and the Mexican regions are shown in contrasting colors, with major settlements indicated and named. Texas is named as part of Potosi, but there is no indication of the turmoil that was already beginning in this region. Text panels, in Italian, giving a history and description of Mexico surround the map on the sides. $850
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