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Maps of South Carolina

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C. Stedman. "Plan of the Battle Fought near Camden, August 16th. 1780." From Charles Stedman's History of the Origin, Progress, and Termination of the American War. London: J. Murray & al., 1794. 8 1/4 x 71/4. Engraving. Ref.: Nebenzahl, item 90.

A map published in Charles Stedman's The History of the . . . American War. Generally there are two broad categories of contemporary maps of the American Revolution, those that were issued within about six months of the events depicted, and those issued later but before the end of the century. (J.B. Harley et al., Mapping the American Revolutionary War, p. 93ff.) The former type played a role as news maps of the happenings in America, but the latter were issued after the events illustrated were well known to their intended audience. These maps, some of which are the only contemporary published maps of the events shown, played a role in the analysis and commentary on the war subsequent to its finish. These maps were issued in magazines, as separate publications and as part of histories of the war. One such history was Stedman's. He was a loyalist from Philadelphia who issued his work in London in 1794. This is considered to be amongst the best contemporary accounts of the Revolution. "For years, the British author Charles Stedman's History ... provided the most useful military text and maps of that war." (Ibid, p.112). In this map of the Battle of Camden, the terrain is shown in sufficient detail to help interpret the action. The British line of march northward to the first order of battle is shown, as is the deployment of both armies by unit. The "references" name the British regiments, and the "flight of the Americans" and British pursuit are indicated. $650

Camden, SC Manuscript map 1794
John Barron, Surveyor for Rev. Thomas Adams. A plat map showing 227 acres adjoining the Ferry at Camden, South Carolina. Pen and watercolor. 2 May 1794. 12 3/4 x 7 3/4 (full sheet), Former folds in docket configuration. Conserved by deacidification and backing with archival tissue for strength. Old deterioration at compass center due to iron gall ink arrested.

The two tracts are east of the Wateree River, and a small lot with a house is next to the river but not within the acres defined as "A." Tract "A" contained 172 acres, and tract "B" is 55 3/4 acres. The surveyor's text states, "At the Request of the Reverend Thomas Adams I have Resurveyed the above tract of Land adjoining the Ferry at Camden and find it to contain 227 3/4 acres being, A 172 Acres and B 55 3/4 Acres. Camden 2d. May 1794. [Signed] Jno. Barron."

Methodist Thomas Adams (d. 1797), ordained at Boston's West Church in 1791 for service in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina, was the son of Amos Adams, pastor of the first church in Roxbury, Massachusetts. John Barron (1753-1841) was a member of a family prominent in York County, South Carolina. The house shown is possibly the ferry house, which was about 300 yards upstream from the current bridge for Interstate 20. $600

Morse Carolinas
J. Denison. "Map of North and South Carolina." From Jedidiah Morse's The American Universal Geography. Boston: Thomas & Andrews, June, 1796. 7 1/2 x 9 1/4. Engraving by A. Doolittle. Full margins. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 585.

A fine engraved map of the states of North and South Carolina. This map was from Jedidiah Morse's Geography, one of the first American publications of its kind. Morse, the father of Samuel F.B. Morse, established himself in the 1780s as one of the leading producers of American maps. Amos Doolittle, the engraver, is one of the great names in patriotic publishing, especially during the Revolution. The map is of interest because of its early detail, including towns, counties, lakes, streams and other topographical information. Also shows are indications of chapels, court houses, meeting houses, and dwelling houses. An excellent early American map, one of only a few of the states issued in the 18th century. $425

Mitchell: South Carolina 1849
S.A. Mitchell. "A New Map of South Carolina with its canals, roads & distances from place to place along the Stage and Steam Boat Routes." With inset of "Charleston." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Chip in bottom right margin corner just into neat line. Else, very good condition.

A strong, detailed map of South Carolina issued by S. Augustus Mitchell of Philadelphia. In 1846, S. Augustus Mitchell purchased the rights to the important Universal Atlas by H.S. Tanner. Mitchell had lithographic transfers made of the engraved maps and issued his version of Tanner's Universal Atlas, with maps that were essentially unchanged, other than process and a new border. Mitchell then immediately started to make some changes to the maps, mostly changing the copyright and publisher information, and he began his own series of editions of the Universal Atlas. This map from the 1849 edition of that atlas, like those of the earlier editions, is excellent, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. Details are clearly presented, including towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. Tables at the right list the steamboat routes from Savannah to both Charleston and Augusta. An inset map of Charleston with a location key is included in the bottom left corner. A fascinating South Carolina document. $265

"Johnson's North and South Carolina." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862-3. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of "Chimney Rocks and French Broad River" and "Table Mountain" plus an inset "Plan of Charleston Vicinity and Harbor." With decorative border. Chip into decorative border, else very good condition.

An attractive map from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued early in the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is a good example of Johnson's work. Counties, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network in the states that would be come so important in the forthcoming conflict, as well as the rendering of Charleston Harbor where the fighting would commence. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $150

Mitchell: North & South Carolina 1867
"North and South Carolina." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. 1867. 11 3/4 x 13 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Decorative border. Very good condition. With insets "Plan of Charleston" and "Map of Charleston Harbor."

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows North and South Carolina in 1880. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and two insets show Charleston and its harbor. The counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors and a decorative border surrounds the map, with the whole effect making for an attractive mid-nineteenth century map. $175

George F. Cram. "South Carolina." Chicago: G.F. Cram & Co., ca. 1880. 9 3/4 x 12. Cerograph in outline color. Very good condition.

The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. $95

"South Carolina." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. 1889. 9 3/4 x 12. Color cerograph. Very good condition. $65

Arbuckle South Carolina
"South Carolina." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65

Rand, McNally & Co. Chicago: late 19th & early 20th century. Color cerographs. Very good condition, unless noted otherwise.

Maps from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Also of note, every major railroad line in the state is indicated in red along with a numbered index. Aesthetically and cartographically, it epitomizes the Rand McNally maps of the twentieth century.


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