Gilles Robert De Vaugondy. “Partie De L’Amérique Septentrionale, qui comprend Le Cours De L’Ohio, La N’lle Angleterre, La N’lle York, Le New Jersey, La Pensylvanie, Le Maryland La Virginie, La Caroline”
Paris: G. Robert De Vaugondy, -1768. 18 3/4 x 24 1/2. Engraving by C. Haussard. Hand color. Short tear and stain below cartouche expertly repaired. Else, very good condition. Pedley: 469, Unrecorded state between first and second states.
An attractive example of Gilles Robert De Vaugondy’s map of the British colonies, which was based upon John Mitchell’s great map of North America from the same year. As such, it took information from Lewis Evans on the middle British Colonies and Joshua Fry's and Peter Jefferson's map of Virginia and Maryland. The Mitchell map resulted from many years of British surveying in the colonies of North America, and it represented the best information about the continent that was available to Europeans and Americans in the mid-eighteenth century. Robert De Vaugondy’s map does not cover the entire area shown in Mitchell’s map, but rather focuses on the British colonies, extending from southern Maine to the Carolinas, with an inset of South Carolina and Georgia added in the upper left corner. Dense detail is neatly engraved for the river systems and settlements along the eastern coast and well inland. The mapping of the trans-Allegheny regions–showing the Ohio River, Kentucky, Tennessee, and parts of Ohio–and of the inland areas to the southeast of the Great Lakes and in interior New England is of particular interest, for this shows some of the earliest accurate information of these regions. The dotted lines and outline color designate pre-Treaty of Paris (1763) information about the Ohio country. A rococo title cartouche in the lower right adds a fine decorative touch to this historic document.
This map is an unrecorded state between the first and second, retaining the first state’s final line below the title, but adding several changes present in the second state, such as Pennsylvania extending into most of present day New York and with “New-Hamp-Shire” and “Prov. De Sagadahock” indicated in the New England region.