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Prints of Niagara Falls

Views of Niagara Falls

As the Niagara River, with its magnificent Niagara Falls, cuts its broad course across the Niagara Peninsula, so illustrations of the river and the falls cut a wide path through the history of prints of America. More printed views of Niagara Falls were published before the twentieth century than of any other American landmark. Indeed, Niagara Falls may be the most pictured site in the world.

Views of Niagara Falls are one of our specialties and here we list the prints we currently have in our inventory. If you are looking for a particular image which is not listed here, please feel free to contact us so that we can notify you should this print become available.

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Kalm Niagara Falls
After Peter Kalm. "A View of the Fall of Niagara." From Gentleman's Magazine. London, February 1751. 4 x 7 1/4. Engraving. Bottom margin a bit ragged. Otherwise, excelletn condition. Impressions of Niagara: 6.

One of the earliest available views of Niagara Falls, this print is derived from Father Hennepin's original image with modifications based upon an account by Peter Kalm, a Swedish botanist who visited Niagara Falls in 1750. A letter from Kalm to a friend in Philadelphia was printed in the Pennsylvania Gazette, September 20, 1750. The letter was reprinted in Gentleman's Magazine, January 1751, as "A letter from Mr. Kalm, a gentleman of Sweden, now on his travels in America, to his friend in Philadelphia, containing a particular account of the Great Fall of Niagara, September 2, 1750." This engraving appeared in the same magazine one month later with an image that was based on Hennepin by way of the view of Niagara that appeared on Henry Popple's map of North America issued in 1733. The Popple image was modified party for artistic reasons-for instance the three large pine trees on the brink of Goat Island-and though it is unlikely Kalm had anything to do with the making of this engraving, the view was further modified by a number of new features that derive from the text of Kalm's letter-including a flock of birds going over the brink of the falls, an Indian ladder down the embankment, two men crossing the river to Goat Island, and the elimination of Hennepin's third cascade. An early and influential image in the iconography of Niagara Falls. $280

Prevost Niagara
After L. Hennepin. "Wasserfall von Niagra." From Abbe Prevost's Allgemeine histoire des reisen zu wasser und lande. Leipzig: Arkstee & Merkus, 1758. 7 x 10 3/8. Engraving. Very good condition. Impressions of Niagara: 9.

Prevost's important series of travels, Histoire Generale des Voyages, went through many editions, including an edition issued in Leipzig just a year after the first French edition. Not surprisingly, all of the editions included a print of Niagara Falls, one of the most famous natural wonders of the world. This engraving is a close derivative of the first image of Niagara Falls by Louis Hennepin, which originally appeared in 1697. The main difference is that the image has been reversed. Also, one of Hennepin's four onlookers was eliminated and a small group of spectators was added on the brink of the Horseshoe Falls (on the left). Also, some boats have been added in the Niagara River above the Falls. With its long run and wide distribution, the prints of Niagara Falls from Prevost's volumes probably had more to do with the spread of the Hennepin prototype of Niagara Falls than the original engraving. A delightful eighteenth century image of Niagara. $275

Pierie's Niagara Falls
Richard Wilson after Lt. William Pierie. "View of the Cataract of Niagara." London: Richard Wilson, 1774. 16 1/2 x 20 5/8. Engraving by William Byrne. With several repaired tears, one extending well into image at left. Title area with tears and some missing surface; expertly repaired. Overall image and impression is very good. Impressions of Niagara: 13.

Lieutenant William Pierie was a British artilleryman who in 1768, while stationed at Fort Niagara, sketched Niagara Falls. The sketch, only the second known drawing of Niagara made on the spot, was sent to London where Richard Wilson, England's leading landscape artist, painted a large canvas--five foot by six foot--based on it. That image was engraved by William Byrne and published by Wilson in 1774, making it only the second print of Niagara not based on Hennepin's. Thomas Davies' 1768 engraving was the first, but the Pierie/Wilson view is a considerably more accurate portrayal. "We may say, in a sense, that Niagara art began with Hennepin; but in its higher sense, it began neither with Hennepin nor Davies, but with Pierie." (Frank H. Severance, Studies Of The Niagara Frontier, Buffalo, 1911, p. 123) $2,800

Hancock: Cataract or Water Fall, Niagara
After Robert Hancock. "The great Cataract or Waterfall, of Niagara in North America." From Charles Theodore Middleton's A New and Complete System of Geography. London: J. Cooke, 1778-79. Volume II, 1779. 6 3/8 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Dow: 877; Impressions of Niagara: 15.

An eighteenth century view of Niagara Falls after an image drawn by Robert Hancock. Hancock's rendering is a derivative of Louis Hennepin's 1697 view-the first print of Niagara ever published-by way of Henry Popple's inset on his 1733 map of North America. In his inset, Popple extended the Hennepin view with a coulisse on the left side, increased the size of the group of on-lookers, and added some exaggerated pine trees around the Falls. Hancock's image of Niagara is a further variation on the Popple scene, with Hennepin's "third cascade" eliminated and a few other minor changes made. Hancock's version of the Hennepin image was first issued as a perspective view, and this was followed shortly thereafter by a number of engravings based on Hancock which appeared in various eighteenth century geographies including Middleton's Geography. With these many versions, Hancock's image of Niagara was probably the most extensively disseminated, and thus most widely known, picture of the Falls in the eighteenth century. $275

Weld: Horseshoe Fall, Niagara
Isaac Weld Jr. From Travels through the states of North America...during 1795, 1796 and 1797. London: John Stockdale, 1798. Each ca. 6 3/8 x 8 7/8. Engravings. With folds as issued. Very good condition.

Attractive and accurate views of Niagara Falls from an early travel account of an eighteenth century visitor to America. These images of Niagara were drawn by Isaac Weld during his travels through the United States from 1795 to 1797. So impressed was Weld with this famous site that he had an entire chapter on Niagara Falls, which included these three views and map. These included the first separate view of the Horseshoe Falls which it is interesting for its accuracy, especially compared to many of the other images of Niagara in the eighteenth century.

Drawn by Bonfils; finished by Dupare. "Vue d'une partie de la Branche Occidentale de la Cataracte de Niagara." From Michel-Guillaume Saint Jean de Crèvecoeur's Voyage dans le Haute Pennsylvanie. Paris: De Crapulet, 1801. 7 1/8 x 10. Engraving by P.F. Tardieu. Impressions of Niagara: 30.

Astrongly engraved print of Niagara Falls from Michel-Guillaume Crèvecoeur's Voyage. Crèvecoeur was a Frenchman who lived and farmed in America in the late eighteenth century. In 1801 he issued an account of his peregrinations around the United States which included two views and a map of Niagara Falls. The Falls are shown with all the power they had before the building of the power plants from the unusual perspective of along the bank of the lower river below the falls. The use of the turbulent water, spray, and small foreground figures emphasizes the grandeur of the Falls. $225

Wilson Niagara
John James Barralet after sketch by Alexander Wilson. "General view of the Falls of Niagara." From The Port Folio. Philadelphia: Bradford & Inskeep, and New York: Inskeep & Bradford, March 1810. 4 1/2 x 7 3/8. Engraving by George Cooke. Trimmed to neatline at top. Very good condition. Impressions of Niagara: 42.

The Port Folio was a new type of American magazine, "Devoted to Useful Science, the Liberal Arts, Legitimate Criticism, and Polite Literature." It was a product of the new century, appearing first in January 1801. It began as a weekly issue until 1809, when it became monthly until its demise at the end of 1827. As with the many magazines that followed it, The Port Folio included numerous illustrations, including this view by Alexander Wilson. Wilson (1766-1813) is best known as the `father of American ornithology,' but he was also a poet and landscape artist. In 1804, Wilson and two companions traveled through the American backwoods on a grand excursion to Niagara Falls. This trip was celebrated in Wilson's paean to American nature, "The Foresters: a poem, descriptive of a journey to the Falls of Niagara in the autumn of 1804," which appeared in The Port Folio from June 1809 through March 1810. This poem was accompanied by engravings after Wilson showing scenes and events from the trip, including two views of Niagara Falls. $225

Barralet after Wilson Niagara
John James Barralet after sketch by Alexander Wilson. "View of the Great Pitch taken from below." From The Port Folio. Philadelphia: Bradford & Inskeep, and New York: Inskeep & Bradford, March 1810. 7 1/8 x 4 3/8. Engraving by George Cooke. Light stain in upper right. Else, very good condition. Impressions of Niagara: 43. $95

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