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Antique Maps of New York

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John Reid. "The State of New York, Compiled from the most Authentic Information. 1796." From The American Atlas. New York: J. Reid, 1796. State 2. Engraving by D. Martin. 15 1/4 x 18. Light stains in bottom corners. Otherwise, very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 372.

A map of New York from the second atlas published in the United States. This atlas, the American Atlas, was published by John Reid in 1796, and it was to accompany Winterbotham's Views of the United States. The state is shown with impressive detail throughout of towns, counties, and the extensive road system in the state. Also shown are some mills and taverns and other sites of note. Of particular note is the information on the development of the Finger Lakes region, which was just being opened up to settlement at the time. A fine, eighteenth century American-made map of the state. $1,150

Lewis NY 1804
Samuel Lewis. "New York." From A New and Elegant General Atlas by Aaron Arrowsmith and Samuel Lewis. Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, Petersburg and Norfolk: 1804. 7 3/4 x 9 5/8. Engraving by Tanner. Very good condition.

An excellent map from an early American atlas. The maps were the works of Aaron Arrowsmith, one of the foremost cartographers of his era, and Samuel Lewis, one of the leaders in the nascent American cartographic field. This map of New York is a fine example of Lewis' output. Detail of the settlement in the state, along with topographical information is neatly portrayed. Roads and counties are also shown. A fine example of some of the best American cartography of the period. $150

Carey and Lea NY
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "New York." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea., 1827. 11 3/4 x 17 3/4 (map); 16 1/2 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by J. Yeager. Original hand color. Some marginal tears; expertly repaired. Very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of New York is of particular interest as it shows the state just after the opening of the Erie Canal, which transformed the "upstate" part of New York. The earlier, 1822 edition included a profile of the levels of the "Grand Canal," but on this edition, after the canal was completed, the inset also includes a map showing its route from Hudson to Buffalo. Also added to this edition is a profile of the Champlain canal. One of the best maps of the state at this seminal period in its history. $475

Bradford 1835 NY
Thomas G. Bradford. "New York." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: William D. Ticknor, 1835. 7 3/4 x 10 1/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

A nice map from Boston publisher and cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford. Issued in 1835, Bradford's Atlas contained maps of the different United States and other parts of the world, based on the most up-to-date information available at the time. Towns, rivers, lakes, and some orography are depicted. Counties are named and indicated with original outline color. Because Bradford continued to update his maps as he issued them in different volumes, this political information is very interesting for historic purposes. A good map of the state. $125

Bradford 1842 NY
Thomas G. Bradford. "New York." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Charles D. Strong, [1838]-1842. 11 1/2 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G. W. Boynton. Original hand color. Some light mottling. Otherwise, very good condition.

A detailed and handsome map of New York from Thomas Bradford's atlas. The map was originally drawn and issued by Thomas Bradford in 1838 and this example was issued four years later. Detail is very good, showing rivers, towns, counties, and some orography. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring, and precise engraving. $225

Carey & Hart 1846 NY
H.S. Tanner. "A New Map of New York with its Canals, Roads & Distances." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1843. 10 5/8 x 12 7/8. Engraving. Full hand coloring. Excellent condition.

An excellent map of New York by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm, Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co., in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived the idea to compile and publish an American Atlas, which his firm undertook in 1819. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as a cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, inspiring Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. Containing excellent maps of regions the world over, Tanner's atlas also featured this attractive and informative chart. A fine example of the output of an early, noted Philadelphia mapmaker. $350

"A New Map of New York with its Canals, Roads & distances." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, 1851. 11 1/2 x 13 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. With typical time toning and oxidation of color. Otherwise, very good condition.

A fine map of New York from the mid-nineteenth century, showing the state at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. The map was produced by S. Augustus Mitchell, whose firm dominated American cartography in output and influence for much of the middle part of the nineteenth century. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads, railroads, and especially canals. This was the heyday of the Erie Canal, with its many feeder canals, and these are all clearly shown. A table at the right lists the steamboat routes, and along the bottom is a profile of the Erie Canal. An important source of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in American. $175

Magnus NY
"Map of the State of New York." New York: Charles Magnus, 1854. 18 1/4 x 22 3/4. Steel engraving. Full original hand color. With insets of Long Island and Niagara Falls. Impressions of Niagara: 265.

A separately issued map of New York State from prolific print publisher Charles Magnus. Known best for his souvenir prints of scenes of American locations, Magnus also issued an interesting group of regional American maps, probably also intended for the souvenir market. This map has considerable topographical and political information of the state, including indications of canals and railroads. An inset map of Long Island is places at bottom center, and an interesting bird's eye view of Niagara Falls graces the top left corner. The whole is attractively hand colored in pastel shades, and it is easy to see that this would have been a popular decorative map for visitors or residents of New York. $450

"Colton's Railroad & Township Map of the State of New York with Parts of the Adjoining States & Canada." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1856. Lithograph. Original hand color. Printed on banknote paper and folded into original buckram folder. Some old ink notation in map in Pennsylvania. Otherwise, fine condition.

In the United States during the nineteenth century, separately issued maps were published for the use of wagon and carriage drivers, railroad passengers, and steamboat voyagers in a new and rapidly developing country. The roughed conditions of travel insured much destruction of these little documents which were sold at inns and stations and called "Traveler's Companion" or "Stranger's Guide" or "Railroad Maps." They were often updated, sometimes an undetermined number of times within a single year, because demand for the best information was startlingly real. Thus, by their very nature they fulfill the primary role of published cartography. These are maps of great historic significance for the history of the United States, for they were the maps actually used during the nation's great expansion. They were made for lasting wear since the publishers used high grade paper, often bank note paper, and they were folded into leather and buckram covers. They appear to have brighter hand coloring than most other maps issued at the same time, ostensibly to aid in reading under adverse circumstances. Everything about them, the ornamental borders, the fine calligraphy, the depth of engraving or lithography, and even the way they dramatically fold out present one of the best and most important graphic pictures of early America that remains to us. The detail on this fine, separately issued map is precise, copious, and clearly rendered. Shown are roads, rail-lines, canals, some topography, rivers, lakes, towns, counties, and almost any other feature that might be of interest to a map reader. Scarce, decorative, and of considerable historic note, this is a fine document of New York State from a century past. $475

S.W. Sweet. "Engineers Map of New York showing its Division into Agricultural Groups and the Routes of Commercial Trafic [sic.] accompanying T.C. Peters Report . . .." Albany: Comstock & Cassidy, 1864. Lithograph. Outline hand color. 24 1/4 x 30 1/4. Folds, as issued. Very good condition.

This lovely and decorative map shows agricultural regions of the State of New York with emphasis on the transportation routes which would have provided access to markets. Railroads and canals are shown throughout the state and with connections to all neighboring states and Canada. The Canadian Grand Trunk Railroad is shown from Montreal to west of Lake Ontario as are the railroads and canals into the coal regions of Northeastern Pennsylvania. The north to south lines bringing timber and manufactured goods out of Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut are shown. This document shows New York at a time when huge increases in manufacturing, agriculture, and its accompanying infrastructure answered the need of the American Civil War. By 1864 the war was winding down, and those state assets had to be documented to assist in finding new and larger markets. The map is also a lovely example of the lithographer's art. The intricate borders with eagles and the United States escutcheon at the corners emulates the best bank note engraving of the times. A lovely vignette of a passenger train graces the title block. A fine piece of railroad history. $375

Mitchell: New York
"County Map of the State of New York." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1871. 14 x 21 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. Of particular note are the many railroads networking throughout the state. Also included are inset maps of Troy/West Troy, Buffalo, Rochester, Albany and the Harbor and Vicinity of New York (City). $150

Maps from Asher & Adams' Atlas of New York. New York, 1869. Folio size is two pages or ca. 20 x 13 1/2. Others are half that or 10 x 13.

"Long Island." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., 1884. 11 1/4 x 17 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Trimmed close to decorative border at bottom edge. Ovearll, very good condition.

A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. Bradley took over the publication of Mitchell's New General Atlas in the early 1880s and this is a fine example of nineteenth century American mapmaking. It shows the island with impressive detail, with emphasis on rivers, towns and the railroad lines connecting the island's communities to New York City. $125

Soil map: Niagara County, New York
"Soil Map: Niagara County, New York." Washington, D.C.: Department of Agriculture Bureau of Soils, 1906. 27 1/8 x 36. With folds as issued. Some wrinkling in right margin. Else, good condition.

The Department of Agriculture's Division of Chemistry was established in the legislation of May 15, 1862 creating the Department. The soil analysis functions of the Division of Chemistry were transferred to a Division of Agricultural Soils established in the Weather Bureau in 1894, made a separate division in 1895, and designated Bureau of Soils from 1901 to 1927.

This map is one of many county maps created by the Bureau in the 1906 time period. Niagara County, located in the northwest corner of New York State, is bordered on three sides by water: Lake Ontario to the north, Tonawanda Creek to the south and the Niagara River to the west. The map is color coded with legends that describe the various types of soils in the county. $85


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