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Antique Maps of Missouri

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"Missouri." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 1/4 x 18 1/2 (map platemarks); 16 1/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full, original hand coloring. Some time-toning to paper, but overall very attractive.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth.

The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map is a fine example of the first map of Missouri as a state, probably derived from U.S. Government surveys conducted by Stephen H. Long's important expedition of 1819-20. No credit for this source appears on the map, but Carey & Lea were presently publishing Edwin James' official Report of that expedition, so they used the information in their own atlas published one year earlier.

Missouri is shown in a very early stage of development, with few towns and no roads. Rivers and topography are illustrated and the political divisions are hand colored with bright washes. Carey surrounded his maps with text in a format that copied Lavoisne's French atlases, and his descriptions of the region were optimistic and promotional. Note the "List of Governors," designed for future editions, which has two names. An important item of Missouri interest. $675

Thomas G. Bradford. "Missouri." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 3/8 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A finely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher, showing Missouri at the beginning of the fourth decade of the nineteenth century. The map was original drawn and issued by Thomas Bradford in 1838. This example was published in a version of Bradford's atlas produced by Samuel Goodrich three years later. Detail is very good, showing towns, counties, and the myriad rivers throughout the state. Missouri was in a period of great development, with most of this based on the traffic along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers. This can be seen by the number of settlements along these rivers, which the interior parts are shown relatively undeveloped. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring, and precise engraving. $375

Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Missouri with its Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1841. 13 3/8 x 11 1/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Some light spotting, but overall very good condition.

A superior, detailed map of Missouri by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but it is these early Tanner editions which are the rarest and most important. This map of Missouri is typical of the maps, and it shows the state at an interesting stage of its history. At this time when many immigrants were moving into and through the state, the well detailed road/trail system is of particular interest. $350

Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Missouri with its Roads & Distances." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1843. 13 1/4 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. A few scattered spots. Else, very good condition.

A newer version of the Tanner map of Missouri, this one from Carey & Hart's 1843 edition of Tanner's Universal Atlas. $350

Tanner 1846
H.S. Tanner. "A New Map of Missouri with its Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Henry Schenck Tanner, 1846. From Universal Atlas. 12 x 15. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Full margins, with some browning at edges. Very good condition.

A strong and beautifully crafted map of Missouri from the mid-nineteenth century, published in Henry S. Tanner's important Universal Atlas. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and county borders. A table at bottom left gives distances from St. Louis to other cities via steam boat. The detail is very clearly and precisely rendered, and with the warm hand coloring this is a most interesting and attractive map of the state. $250

H.N. Burroughs. "Map of Missouri." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1847. 14 1/2 x 11 3/4. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Time toning at margins. Very good condition.

A fine Missouri map by S. Augustus Mitchell, issued 26 years after statehood. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This early map of Missouri is a good example of this work. Topographical information, including towns, rivers, roads, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell's firm became so important. A fine early American cartographic document of the state. $225

"Map of the State of Missouri." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co, 1850. 13 x 15 7/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

A strong and beautifully crafted map of Missouri from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. Topographical information is copiously presented, but it is the settlement and development of the state that is particularly interesting. This is a period when Missouri was beginning to grow rapidly, and the cities and small towns are shown clearly. Also of interest is the road system that is depicted crisscrossing the state in increasing complexity. The counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors, giving the map an attractive appearance. A fine early American cartographic document of the state. $275

"Missouri." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 13 x 16. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.

Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating Missouri document from just before the Civil War. $160

"Missouri." Lithograph. New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1856. 12 3/4 x 15 1/2. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map shows Missouri just after mid-century. The map has fine detail and it is a strong example of Colton's successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. In the upper right is an inset map of the southeastern tip of the state. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $150

"Missouri." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1857. 12 1/2 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

From the mid-nineteenth century on, the lead in American map publishing swung from Philadelphia to New York. The firm of J.H. Colton and its successors played a large role in this shift, producing accurate and up-to-date maps that had a wide distribution. This striking map of Missouri is an excellent example of the company's fine work. It shows the entire state broken into counties. These political boundaries are nicely set off with contrasting pastel shades applied with hand watercolor. Detail includes cities, roads, railroads, rivers, and other features of interest. $120

"State of Missouri." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 17 1/2 x 20. Lithograph by Bowen & Co.. Original outline color. Very slight wear at folds. Very good condition.

The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects." Periodically the GLO would issue maps showing the progress of their surveys, and this map shows how Missouri was well covered by 1866. Interesting features are the railroads in the state. $250

"A County and Township Map of the States of Iowa and Missouri." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1874. 21 1/2 x 14 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases. The Mitchell firm's maps are known for their precision and great detail. Mitchell gathered the best current information available, and depicted it with great clarity. This map of Missouri and Iowa is a good example of Mitchell's output. Roads, rivers, railroads, political boundaries and other details are shown and labeled. $120

"Map of Wentzville, MO, Townships 48 and 49 North - Range 5 East, of 5th Principal Meridian." From Atlas of St. Charles County. Philadelphia: W.R. Brink, 1875. Lithograph. 16 x 13 1/2. Expected paper toning, else very good condition.

W. R. Brink was an author and publisher who at various times operated in both Edwardsville, Illinois (near St. Louis), and Philadelphia. His specialty appears to have been county atlases, especially of the Midwest.

What makes atlas maps such as this most valuable is that they show township lines, property lines with owners' names, and acreage of the individual properties, plus roads, some houses and what appear to be orchards, along with interesting notes such as "formerly an island." Altogether a fascinating look at a developing locality. $90

"Missouri." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1876. 16 3/4 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A map showing Missouri in the Centennial year. It was published by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray which began its publishing around mid-century and issued regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. Missouri was well settled by this date and the many counties and towns are shown precisely. Of particular interest are the myriad railroad lines criss-crossing the state. The Missouri "boot" is shown in an inset in the top right and a nice map of St. Louis in an inset in the lower left. $175

"Missouri." From Bradley's Atlas of the World for Commercial and Library Reference. Philadelphia: Wm. M. Bradley & Bro., 1885. 17 x 21. Lithograph. With inset bottom left of Dunklin, Pemiscot and lower New Madrid Counties, plus an inset top right of the vicinity of St. Louis. Original hand color.

A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. It shows the state with impressive detail, with emphasis on rivers, towns, and the myriad railroad lines criss-crossing the state. $125

Arbuckle Missouri
"Missouri." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65


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