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Antique Maps of Missouri

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"Missouri." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 1/4 x 18 1/2 (map platemarks); 16 1/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full, original hand coloring. Some time-toning to paper, but overall very attractive.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth.

The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map is a fine example of the first map of Missouri as a state, probably derived from U.S. Government surveys conducted by Stephen H. Long's important expedition of 1819-20. No credit for this source appears on the map, but Carey & Lea were presently publishing Edwin James' official Report of that expedition, so they used the information in their own atlas published one year earlier.

Missouri is shown in a very early stage of development, with few towns and no roads. Rivers and topography are illustrated and the political divisions are hand colored with bright washes. Carey surrounded his maps with text in a format that copied Lavoisne's French atlases, and his descriptions of the region were optimistic and promotional. Note the "List of Governors," designed for future editions, which has two names. An important item of Missouri interest. $675

Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Missouri with its Roads & Distances." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1841. 13 3/8 x 11 1/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Some light spotting, but overall very good condition.

A superior, detailed map of Missouri by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but it is these early Tanner editions which are the rarest and most important. This map of Missouri is typical of the maps, and it shows the state at an interesting stage of its history. At this time when many immigrants were moving into and through the state, the well detailed road/trail system is of particular interest. $350

"Missouri." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. Folio. Somewhat faded original hand-coloring. Light staining and foxing scattered in map. Else, fine condition. $70

"Missouri." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1857. 12 1/2 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

From the mid-nineteenth century on, the lead in American map publishing swung from Philadelphia to New York. The firm of J.H. Colton and its successors played a large role in this shift, producing accurate and up-to-date maps that had a wide distribution. This striking map of Missouri is an excellent example of the company's fine work. It shows the entire state broken into counties. These political boundaries are nicely set off with contrasting pastel shades applied with hand watercolor. Detail includes cities, roads, railroads, rivers, and other features of interest. $120

"State of Missouri." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 17 1/2 x 20. Lithograph by Bowen & Co.. Original outline color. Very slight wear at folds. Very good condition.

The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects." Periodically the GLO would issue maps showing the progress of their surveys, and this map shows how Missouri was well covered by 1866. Interesting features are the railroads in the state. $250

"Map of Wentzville, MO, Townships 48 and 49 North - Range 5 East, of 5th Principal Meridian." From Atlas of St. Charles County. Philadelphia: W.R. Brink, 1875. Lithograph. 16 x 13 1/2. Expected paper toning, else very good condition.

W. R. Brink was an author and publisher who at various times operated in both Edwardsville, Illinois (near St. Louis), and Philadelphia. His specialty appears to have been county atlases, especially of the Midwest.

What makes atlas maps such as this most valuable is that they show township lines, property lines with owners' names, and acreage of the individual properties, plus roads, some houses and what appear to be orchards, along with interesting notes such as "formerly an island." Altogether a fascinating look at a developing locality. $90

"Missouri." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1876. 16 3/4 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A map showing Missouri in the Centennial year. It was published by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray which began its publishing around mid-century and issued regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. Missouri was well settled by this date and the many counties and towns are shown precisely. Of particular interest are the myriad railroad lines criss-crossing the state. The Missouri "boot" is shown in an inset in the top right and a nice map of St. Louis in an inset in the lower left. $175

"Missouri." Unknown publisher. 1884. 11 x 13 1/2. Lithograph. Very good condition. $75

"Missouri." Chicago: Rand McNally, ca. 1885. 13 1/4 x 19 1/2. Lithograph. Very good condition. $125

"Missouri." From Bradley's Atlas of the World for Commercial and Library Reference. Philadelphia: Wm. M. Bradley & Bro., 1885. 17 x 21. Lithograph. With inset bottom left of Dunklin, Pemiscot and lower New Madrid Counties, plus an inset top right of the vicinity of St. Louis. Original hand color.

A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. It shows the state with impressive detail, with emphasis on rivers, towns, and the myriad railroad lines criss-crossing the state. $125

"Missouri." Chicago: Rand McNally, 1888. 19 x 26. Cerograph. Very good condition. $90

"Missouri." Chicago: Gaskell, 1889. 9 3/4 x 12. Very good condition. $55

Arbuckle Missouri
"Missouri." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65

"Missouri." Chicago: George Cram, 1898. 10 1/4 x 13. Cerograph. Very good condition. $50

"Missouri." Chicago: Rand McNally, 1901. 9 x 12. Cerograph. Very good condition. $45

"Missouri." Chicago: George Cram, 1900. 10 1/4 x 12 3/4. Cerograph. Very good condition. $45

"Missouri." Chicago: Rand McNally, 1906. 18 3/4 x 26. Cerograph. Very good condition. $95

"Missouri." Chicago: Rand McNally, 1909. 18 3/4 x 26. Cerograph. Very good condition. $95

"Missouri." Chicago: Rand McNally, 1912. 9 x 12. Cerograph. Very good condition. $45


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