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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
A fine map of Maine by Baltimore cartographer, Fielding Lucas, Jr. (1781-1854). Lucas appears to have become involved in the publishing and book trade while a resident of Philadelphia from 1798 to 1804, when he moved to Baltimore. In 1807 Lucas joined Conrad, Lucas & Co., and then in 1810 he set up his own business at 138 Market Street. There Lucas first got involved in cartographic publishing with his New and Elegant General Atlas of 1816. In the second decade of the nineteenth century, through his Philadelphia contacts, Lucas was one of the major contributors to Carey & Lea's atlas of 1823. Concurrently with this involvement, Lucas brought out his own General Atlas, containing 104 maps of all parts of the world. Lucas, during his 50 years of residence in Baltimore, established himself as a prominent citizen of that city, serving as President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, President of the Board of School Commissioners, and as President of the Second Branch of the City Council. But it is for his important role in early American cartography that Lucas is best remembered. $600
"Maine." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 7/8 x 9 5/8 (map); 16 3/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by J. Yeager. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of Maine is filled with information on roads, towns, lakes, and rivers, all very attractively presented. Development is in exclusively in the south, but the depiction of the river and lake systems further north is very good. This is a fine verbal and graphic picture of the state. $500
Thomas G. Bradford. "Maine." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Some minor spotting in margins. Very good condition.
A precisely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. This map is up-to-date in showing the political and topographical situation with very good accuracy. Detail includes rivers, lakes, towns, and counties. Also shown is an early railroad running from Portsmouth to Portland. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring. A rare and early map of Maine. $375
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Maine." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, -1843. 14 1/4 x 11. Engraving. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
A strong and beautifully crafted map of Maine from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. In 1844, Carey & Hart issued an edition of the atlas, and the maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. Maps from the early Tanner/Carey & Hart edition are quite rare. This map of Maine is typical of the Tanner maps. It contains tables at the top giving the population of Maine over time and of the counties in 1840. A fine item of Maine history. $395
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Maine." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1846. 14 3/8 x 11 3/4. Engraving. Full hand coloring. A few light marginal spots. Very good condition.
A crisp, detailed map of Maine by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals, as well as detailed maps of a number of cities. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but it is these early Tanner editions which are the rarest and most important.
This map of Maine is an excellent example of Tanner's cartography, showing counties, towns, roads with distances, railroads, and a host of other details. Some northern counties are still incomplete at this period. A chart shows "Counties & County Towns," and another shows population fin 1765 and then in each census from 1790 to 1840. Besides its fascinating detail, the map is most attractive, with its striking design enhanced by strong hand color. Overall, a most desirable map of the state. $375
"A New Map of Maine." Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, 1849. 15 x 11 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.
An interesting map of Maine from the mid-nineteenth century showing the state at a turning period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, lakes and political borders. The map was drawn by S. Augustus Mitchell, whose firm dominated American cartography in output and influence for much of the middle part of the nineteenth century. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell's firm became so important. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including roads and railroads, as well as the borders with the British possessions. A table at the top lists the most recent census information. A fascinating Maine document from mid-century. $325
"Johnson's Maine." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1864-6. 15 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. A few light spots, mostly in margins. Else, very good condition.
In 1860, Alvin Jewitt Johnson issued his first atlas. Calling himself the "successor to J.H. Colton & Co.," Johnson and his partners issued a series of fine atlases with highly detailed maps. In the early editions of his atlas, Johnson reused the stones from Colton's atlas, and this is an example of that, for this map is an updated version of the Colton map listed above. Johnson has added considerable new information and a decorative border and this is a nice example of his output. $150
"Colton's Maine." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 x 13. Lithograph. Original hand color. A few spots and toning in margins, else very good condition.
The advent of the use of lithography for mapmaking led to development of a strong cartographic industry in New York City. One of the important firms responsible for this was the Colton firm, which issued this fine map in their atlas of 1866. The precise detail and soft hand color of this map are typical of lithographed state maps of the second half of the nineteenth century. This is as good a picture of the state at the time as was available. $175
"County Map of the State of Maine." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, Jr., 1872. 13 1/4 x 10 1/4. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Excellent condition. With inset: "Portland Har. and Vicinity."
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases. Maine is depicted with its counties brightly colored and topographical features detailed. Included are towns, rivers, roads and raillines. In the lower right corner is a plan of Portland Harbor and vicinity. The recent development in the northern part of the state, and expanded geographic information, is quite evident in this map. Besides its geographic interest, the map is very attractive, with its striking hand color and decorative border. $150
G.W. & C.B. Colton for Hoyt, Fogg & Donham. "Colton's Maine." New York and Portland, Maine, 1876-79. 14 x 11 (neat lines) plus decorative borders and margins. Original hand color. Issued separately on bank note paper. Folds as issued. Excellent condition.
An exquisite map of Maine designed during the centennial year of the United States and printed three years later for a firm in Portland, Maine which printed on the back schedules for railroads and steamship lines. The map draws railroad lines and accounts for the many ports. Each township is individually colored and named or numbered. $450
Plates from Colby's Atlas of Maine. Philadelphia: George N. Colby, 1884. Lithographs. Original hand color. Very good condition.
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