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From the sixteenth century maps have been made to be hung on the walls of offices, public buildings, schools, etc. These maps are usually large for ease of reading. Usually they were attached to rollers at the top and bottom for hanging, and they often were varnished to protect them from wear, smoke and bugs.
Condition Note: These are maps were intended for use and with their exposure to flies, poking fingers, tears, and all the other happenstance of such items, means that few survive, and many of those that do are in rough condition. Usually one will find water stains, rubbed sections, cracks and tears, as well as the typical yellowing from the oxidation of the varnish. All wall maps listed here have some typical condition problems, but we have tried to indicate major ones in the descriptions. Please contact us for specific and detailed condition reports on any of the wall maps on our web site.
J.H. Young. "Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic or United States of North America." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1843. First edition. Separately issued wall map. 24 1/2 x 33 3/4. Engraving by J.H. Brightly. Full original hand color. Together with "Maps of the Vicinities of Thirty-Two of the Principal Cities and Towns in the Union." Expertly conserved and mounted on new linen. Excellent condition.
A dramatic wall map of the United States issued by important Philadelphia publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. Mitchell had begun to produce wall maps about a decade earlier, and this was the first edition of a regularly updated series of "National Maps" which appeared every year from 1843 to 1850 (except for 1849). As intended for practical use, this map has a particularly strong appearance and very clear depictions of towns and roads between them, each labeled with a distance on it. The insets of the thirty-two cities surround the map. Included are insets of northern Maine and the southern tip of Florida. In the lower right corner is a table with the populations of each county within the United States. This striking and highly detailed map shows the U.S. extending from the Atlantic to just beyond the Mississippi River, with the states of Louisiana and Missouri, and the territories of Arkansas and the recently created Iowa, much larger than it would become as a state. To the west of those lies a very large Indian Territory, as all that land (then thought to be useless to white Americans) had been set aside as a convenient place to send the eastern tribes. For much of the rest of the nineteenth century, of course, these Indian lands were taken away until only what later became Oklahoma remained. $3,200
J.H. Young. "Mitchell's National Map of the American Republic or United States of North America. Together with maps of Thirty-Two of the Principal Cities and Towns in the Union." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1844. Separately issued wall map; mounted on linen and with wood rollers. 38 1/4 x 47. Drawn by J.H. Young. Engraving by J.H. Brightly. Full original hand color. With some wear at edges, some spots and overall light browning. Old chips out of upper corners. Conservation done by surface cleaning, subtle patching, canvas backing, and ribboned sides. Overall, good condition and appropriate aged appearance. Cf. Ristow, p. 310.
An impressive national statement from early days of the great cartographic publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. This map was the second in an annual series of maps of the United States issued by Mitchell from 1843 to 1850 (except for 1849). The maps were issued both as folding maps and as, in this case, wall maps mounted on linen and hung on rollers. Mitchell's "National Map" summed up cartographic information on the United States from the east coast to the Great Plains, including the eastern part of Texas (shown when it was still a Republic) and Indian territories to the north. Each state and territory is shown with its roads, railroads, canals, towns, and distances between towns. Insets of the tips of Florida and Maine are included, the latter showing the results of the boundary Treaty of 1842. Also indicated are territories of Indian tribes throughout the west. Three tables of population statistics are included. Of particular note are the thirty two plans of major cities that surround the main map. These provide us with a wonderful view of state of urban development in the 'American Republic' towards mid-century. The map and insets are surrounded by a typical Mitchell decorative border, and the whole package is aesthetically and cartographically excellent. $2,800
J.H. Young. "The Empire State. New York With Its Counties, Towns, Cities, Villages: Internal Improvements &c." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1844. Wall map, mounted on linen, varnished and attached to original wood rollers. 40 x 47 1/2. Engraving by J.H. Young. Original hand color. Map time-toned from varnish and with fly-specs and some scattered stains. Small areas of surface worn off at top. Otherwise, very good condition for separately issued wall map.
An impressive wall map of the Empire State by leading American publisher S. Augustus Mitchell. This is quite an early example of such a wall map, a type of map that would have hung in many schools, government and private offices, as well as homes. As noted in the title, the map has impressive detail of the state, including its many roads and canals. Four decorative vignettes surround the title-the Erie Canal opening celebration, McDonough's victory, the surrender of Burgoyne, and the evacuation of New York during the Revolution-and the whole is surrounded by a typical Mitchell decorative border. Two large tables of statistics on the state are included in the top right corner. $650
J.H. Young. "Mitchell's Reference and Distance Map of the United States." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. Wall map; mounted on linen, varnished and with original rollers. 55 1/2 x 70 1/2. Engraving. Full original hand color. With some waterstaining and flaking at top, but else very good. Rumsey: 538. Denver.
A rare example of the important 1846 edition of S. Augustus Mitchell's popular wall map of the United States, drawn by J.H. Young. The "Reference and Distance Map" series began in 1834 and Mitchell regularly updated the new issues with current information. The main map shows the United States to the range of states just west of the Mississippi with great detail. Towns, rivers, lakes, and roads are shown throughout, and each county is colored in a contrasting shade. The particular significance of the map issued in 1846 comes from its inclusion of new information related to the American west. In the previous editions of this map, Mitchell had an inset map, "General Map of the United States," in the lower right corner. On this edition, Mitchell replaced this with a new inset map, "A New Map of Texas, Oregon and California" (19 x 21), which shows the region extending from the Mississippi to the Pacific coastline, and from the Rio Grande to southern Canada.
This area was of particular interest in 1846 because of two recent, related events. In 1845, Texas had been admitted to the Union as a new state, which prompted Mexico, in 1846, to invade Texas, thus precipitating the Mexican-American war. This inset was the first appearance of this map, which later the same year was issued by Mitchell as a folding, pocket map, and it is one of the first maps of just the Trans-Mississippi West. Mitchell used the latest information on the American west which was available at the time. Among his sources were Arrowsmith's 1841 map of Texas, Fremont's and Emory's maps of their explorations in the region, data from the Lewis & Clark expedition, Nicollet's map of the region between the Mississippi and the Missouri, Wilkes' map of Oregon. Mitchell shows the Oregon Territory borders according to the recent Compromise of 1846. $8,500
William E. Morris after John Melish. "Map of Pennsylvania, Constructed from the County Surveys authorized by the State; and other original Documents. Revised And Improved Under the supervision of Wm. E. Morris, Civil Engineer." Philadelphia: R.L. Barnes, -1849. Copyright, R.L. Barnes 1848. 50 x 74. Engraving by Edward Yeager. Original hand color. Conserved and mounted on new linen backing. Very good condition.
In 1816, the Pennsylvania State legislature passed a law to produce an official state map, and this project was given to the supervision of Philadelphia mapmaker John Melish. Melish called for each county to produce a standardized map, which he would then use to compile a full state map. He worked for six years on this map, which was finally produced in 1822, with revised editions issued in 1824, 1826, and 1832. As each of these maps was produced, one could see the internal growth and development of the state, with new roads and canals, settlements and other features making their appearance with each new issue. By the 1830s, however, it became clear that the tremendous growth of the state demanded an updated and revised version of this official state map. Civil Engineer William E. Morris was authorized to gather updated information from each county, and he proceeded to 'revise and improve' Melish's map, with the new engravings done by Philadelphia craftsman Edward Yeager. The map was copyrighted and first issued in 1848 and this example was issued a year later with some updating. The size of this map and its myriad public uses determined that the map would be issued in the format of a wall map. Its sheets were joined, mounted on canvas, and varnished so that it could be hung in public plates throughout the state. Added along the bottom of the map are several tables of information. These include: "Anthracite Coal Trade of Pennsylvania," "Public Works of Pennsylvania," "Approximate Estimate of Bituminous Coal Mined in 1847," and "Statistical Table Shewing The Prominent Features of each County." It map is a superb picture of Pennsylvania at mid-century and it is the last of the great engraved maps of the state. $6,500
"A New Map of that portion of North America exhibiting the United States and Territories, the Canadas, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Mexico, also, Central America, the West India Islands. Compiled from the most recent surveys & authentic sources." Baltimore: Jacob Monk, 1853. Separately issued wall map. 56 x 62. Lithograph by A. Hoen & Co. Full original hand color. Some small repaired holes at top and scattered surface wear. Map professionally conserved and patched. Overall, very good condition and appearance for a wall map. Denver.
An updated 1853 version of Monk's large map of North America. Monk was very concerned to keep his maps up-to-date and in 1853, the idea of establishing a new Nebraska Territory, to be created out of the unorganized Indian Territories, was being floated. As some point in 1853, Monk added the indication of "Nebraska Territory as Proposed," which was not shown in the early 1853 version. (Cf. Rumsey #602.) Monk shows this territory as including all of later Kansas Territory and the southern part of what was created as Nebraska Territory in the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act. Another salient feature of Monk's map is his careful location of Indian tribes, many indicated with separate coloring. $3,500
J.M. Atwood. "Map of the United States with its Territories; also Mexico and the West Indies." New York: Horace Thayer, & Co., 1853. Separately issued wall map. Copyright Ensign & Thayer 1849. 35 x 31 1/2. Lithograph by J.M. Atwood. Original hand color. With some typical cracking and darkening, but professionally conserved and lined on new linen. With original rollers. Overall, very good condition. Denver.
A rare wall map of the United States issued in 1853, showing also Mexico, part of Central America and the western Caribbean on the main map, and an inset to show the eastern part of the West Indies. It is an updated version of a map first published in 1849 by Thayer with his then partners Timothy & Edward Ensign. The map was drawn by J.M. Atwood, using the best available cartographic information, this edition significantly updated from the earlier versions. It is interesting especially for its trans-Mississippi detail. A very large Nebraska Territory covers most of the Great Plains, along with an Indian Territory covering most of what is today Oklahoma as well as much of Kansas. Further west are two large parallel territories, Utah and New Mexico, with Oregon Territory-encompassing today's Oregon, Washington and Idaho-to the north. Details on the map include cities, towns rivers, railroads in the east. In the western part of the country, rivers, mountain chains (at least as then known), settlements and Indian tribes are noted throughout. Also indicated are the Santa Fe and Oregon trails and some explorer routes, like those of Fremont. Such wall maps are both exciting and rare, for they capture the political development in the nineteenth century like no others and their exposure as wall maps has led to the destruction of most of these wonderful cartographic objects. $1,800
"Map of Bucks and Montgomery Counties and the Consolidated City of Philadelphia." Philadelphia: R. K. Kuhn & J. D. Janney, 1857. Wagner & McGuigan Lithographers. 61 x 52. Original hand color, with townships and city wards in contrasting shades. Separately issued wall map. Cracks to surface. Top 12" reinforced with archival paper. With original rollers and ribbons. Overall good condition. Peters, "America on Stone", pp. 393-95.
Eight inset woodcut views: Krams Hotel, Doylestown, Bucks County; Browers Hotel, Doylestown, Bucks County; Washington Hall, Trappe; Tremont Seminary (male), Norristown, Montgomery County; Cottage Female Seminary, Pottstown, Montgomery County; Oakland Female Institute, Norristown, Montgomery County; Montgomery County Court House; Bucks County Court House, Doylestown.
Thirty one inset maps: "Plan of Norristown," "Trombowersville," "Fallsington," Plan of Attleboro," "Borough of New Hope," "Centerville," "Quakertown," "Borough of Newtown," "Plan of Hulmeville," "Plan of Doylestown Borough," "Townsend," "Plan of Pottstown," "Jenkintown," "Port Kennedy," "Harleysville," "Plan of Hatborough," "Evansburgh," "Willow Grove," "Trappe," "Sumneytown," "Greenville," "Bridgeport," "Kulpsville," "Skippackville," "Pennsburg," "Plan of Bristol," "Plan of Yardleyville," "Applebachville," "Plan of Newport," "Bridgewater," and "Plan of Morrisville."
Main map and inset maps detail an impressive number of landholders identifying the location of heads-of households, making this a valuable primary resource for genealogists or anyone researching this area in Southeast Pennsylvania. $3,600
G. Morgan Hopkins. "Topographical map of the State of New Jersey together with the vicinities of New York and Philadelphia, and with most of the state of Delaware from the State Geological Survey and the U.S. Coast Survey, and from surveys by G. Morgan Hopkins, civil engineer." Philadelphia: H. G. Bond, 1860. Original hand color. Decorative grapevine border. Separately issued varnished wall map mounted to original canvas backing with original wood rollers. Various light patches in varnish as to be expected. Otherwise, very good condition. Snyder, J. P., Mapping of New Jersey, p. 105.
An impressive and wonderfully detailed wall map of New Jersey published just before the start of the Civil War. In 1854, William Kitchell was hired as State Geologist and he immediately commenced work to produce a large topographical wall map of the state. Work on the map was suspended two years later due to state financial problems and Kitchell was dismissed from his job. However, he was determined to complete this map. Kitchell lobbied the state for four years to allow him to publish the map privately which the state eventually allowed him to do in 1860. The result is one of the most important maps of New Jersey ever made.
The breadth and scope of this map is amazing. This map not only depicts the Garden State in great detail but it also includes the adjacent areas of Delaware Bay, parts of New York, Southeastern Pennsylvania and Delaware. The map contains many inset maps and vignettes of the following cities and towns: Paterson, Belvidere, Rahway, Morristown, Jersey City and Hoboken, Orange, Elizabeth, New Brunswick, Camden, Bordentown, Trenton, Newark, Salem, Burlington, Beverly, Newton, and Mount Holly, New Brunswick, Newark, the Delaware Water Gap, Paterson, Trenton, and Camden. Also depicted is a meteorological map of the state and a "Time Dial" where one could immediately calculate the time in any part of the state.
Only a few known examples of this map can be found in the collections of Chester Public Library, Princeton University, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, New York State Library, and the Fairleigh Dickinson University Library. Overall, a landmark in the mapping of the State of New Jersey. $6,000
In 1860, C.K. Stone & A. Pomeroy issued a number of large wall maps of Philadelphia and region. The maps all showed Philadelphia, but they varied in terms of what parts of the surrounding areas were shown--each with a slightly different focus--and in what inset maps were included. Each map, though, has amazing detail, with towns, roads, mills, and much other information, including the names of specific landowners. The maps were intended for practical use for public and governmental purposes and they offer not only an impressive graphic display, but also a detailed and fascinating snap-shot of the Delaware Valley just before the Civil War.
A wonderfully informative wall map by H.F Walling. Made during the Civil War, the state of Pennsylvania is handsomely depicted and is surrounded by inserts of all of the state's major cities at the time; Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Lancaster, Reading, Scranton, Harrisburg, Erie, Pottsville, Wilkesbarre, Honesdale, Montrose, Carbondale, Pittston.
The entire United States, depicted as united even during the war, is also illustrated in the lower left which includes a table of distances between cities. Numerous other charts are also shown, including, both a climatological and topographical map, a time table, and a population chart. A fascinating and beautiful map from a tumultuous time. $3,600
James T. Lloyd. "Lloyd's New Map of the United States The Canada and New Brunswick . . . Showing Every Railroad & Station Finished to June 1863, and the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts From the United States Superintendent's Official Report of the Coast Survey by order of Congress." [Inset of South Florida]. New York: J.T. Lloyd, 1863. Lithograph (hand colored). 36 1/4 x 49 1/2 (neat lines) plus margins. A key provides symbols for: railroads completed, turnpikes and wagon roads, state capitals, cities and towns, and village post offices. Two shipping agents and their routes are drawn out of New York City, but nowhere else. A wall map with original molding and spindle. Conserved with new linen backing. Some age browning, but as very good as they get.
The map shows from the entire East Coast to the Great Plains. In the West two thirds of Texas is shown and platted while Nebraska and Kansas are platted along their eastern borders, and Indian Territory (future Oklahoma) and "Dacotah" have no platting shown. From eastern Maine to the 94th Meridian (i.e. the western edges of Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas and Louisiana) are completely platted. Throughout the United States the counties are colored, towns and cities labeled, and roads and railroads drawn with distances noted between points. In order not to recognize the legitimacy of the Confederate States of America, each is shown in the same manner as the Northern or Union states. The only indication that the American Civil War was in progress is a printed notice that Gideon Wells, Secretary of the Navy, has ordered this map and wishes to acquire a quote on lots of 100 maps of the Mississippi River for use by "the squadron."
The map legend contains some interesting statements about the map trade of the times. The publisher claims to show "every man's house from St. Louis to New Orleans--an impossible accomplishment which he fails to do. J.T. Lloyd also warns his public not to purchase wood engraved maps by another Lloyd who is copying his and making errors, for instance, confusing Corinth, Mississippi by naming it Farmington. J.T. Lloyd had publishing centers in both New York and London and was a prolific printer of maps depicting many countries. $1,400
J.A. Anderson. "Map of the Rail Roads of New Jersey, and parts of Adjoining States. 1870." Copyrighted in New Jersey in 1869  by J.A. Anderson. Printed by "Jas. McGuigan, Lith. Philada." 21 1/2 x 16 (full sheet). Original light varnish rubbed. Backed on original linen. A few short tears. Tacked to the original antique top moulding and bottom spindle. Full margins. A lovely small wall map in its original format. Ref.: Phillips, MAPS, p. 491.
This fascinating, separately issued map focuses almost exclusively on the railroads of New Jersey by naming and drawing the lines with the names of stations with distances between these stations expressed in "miles and tenths." No wagon roads are designated and only major waterways are drawn. All of New Jersey is shown with large areas of northern Delaware, Eastern Pennsylvania and New York along the Hudson River.
At the bottom margin and to the left of the title area is a small merchant's label reading "Sheble, Smith & Co. / Successors to R. L. Barnes, / Map Publishers, 27 S. 6th. Sth., [sic.] Phila." Measuring a petite 1" x 1 1/2". A charming wall map. $850
"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania showing distances between stations and populations by decimals of all cities and villages with 100 inhabitants and over." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1904. 40 x 48 1/2. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. Water stain running along left hand side of map; else, fine condition. With original rollers.
A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with eight inset maps of the United States and surrounding states. The inset maps include the states surrounding Pennsylvania and two maps of the United States; an orographical map and a territorial growth map. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania at the turn of the twentieth century. $325
R. Baxter Blair. "Revolutionary War 1775-1783." From Hart American History Series. Chicago: Denoyer-Geppert Co., 1917, 1926. Credits to: "Albert Bushnell Hart L.L.D., Harvard University" The geographer was "L. Philip Denoyer." "Compiled and drawn by R. Baxter Blair." Lithographed in color. 31 1/2 x 44. Wall map backed on linen and folded into fifteen sections. Insets show: "Operations Near Boston," "Newport 1778," Saratoga Campaign 1777", "Central Campaigns 1776-1778" and "Virginia Campaigns 1781. Grommets along the top for hanging. Some small chips along bottom edge not touching image. Else, very good condition.
This large school map uses colors and codes to show the major theatres of the American Revolution. Movements by American, British and French forces are represented by dramatic arrow tipped solid and dotted lines. Each line is dated to retain information on the chronology of events. $225
R. Baxter Blair. "Secession 1860-1861." From Hart American History Series. Chicago: Denoyer-Geppert Co., 1917, 1926. Credits to: "Albert Bushnell Hart L.L.D., Harvard University" The geographer was "L. Philip Denoyer." Lithographed in color. 31 1/2 x 44 1/4. Wall map backed on linen and folded into fifteen sections. An inset shows a map of Charleston Harbor. Grommets along the top for hanging. Some small chips along bottom edge not touching image. Else, very good.
This fascinating, large school map uses colors and codes to delineate: free states, free territories, loyal slave states, Confederate states that seceded prior to 14 April 1861, and Confederate states that seceded after 14 April 1861. Symbols throughout the map represent forts held by loyal forces, forts seized by seceding forces, arsenals seized by seceding forces, branch mints seized by seceding forces, and navy yards seized by seceding forces. A fine and interesting historical map. $225
National Map Company. "Pennsylvania Showing Counties in Different Colors ... Townships ... cities ... Boroughs ... Villages ... Post Offices ... Steam and Electric Railways, with Stations and Distances between Stations and other Features ... Complete Index to all Places on Map showing locations and population according to Latest Official Census." Indianapolis & New York, n.d. but ca. 1925-30. 44 x 67 (sheet). Lithograph with same information on both sides. Excellent condition. On original black painted steel rods.
Information on this map is derived from the U.S. Census of 1920. In addition to information listed by the title there is an inset map showing Congressional and Senate Districts, a list of counties and county seats, and a scale of travel distances. $450
National Map Company. "National Map Company's New Road Survey of the United States showing Main Highways." Indianapolis & New York, ca. 1925-30. 44 x 38 (sheet). Lithograph. Printed on two sides of this thin sheet of paper in blue with red state boundaries and names. One side shows the eastern half and the other the western half of the United States. Excellent condition.
This very informative map shows three types of roads: paved, improved, and unimproved. The latter is designated as "Good in dry seasons." State and Federal highways are properly marked with appropriate symbols and mileage is given between double circles. The publisher states that this map is acquired only for free when purchasing an atlas or larger map. A scarce piece of ephemera. $225
Crawford C. Anderson. "The Pennsylvania Railroad and Connections." Buffalo: J.W. Clement Co., Matthews-Northrup Works, ca. 1941. 55 1/2 x 32. Cereograph. Full printed color. Full margins. Backed on fabric as issued with original rollers. Very good condition.
A bright railroad map showing the Pennsylvania Railroad System and its connections from Kansas City to Maine and as far south as Kentucky. Dated by internal evidence of rail lines. $475
"Cram's Superior Map of Pennsylvania." Indianapolis: George F. Cram Company, Inc., 1941. 35 3/4 x 58. Full sheet: 47 x 60. Wax engraving, printed in very bright colors. A few short tears at edges of margins; else, fine condition. With wooden rollers.
A very colorful and impressive map of Pennsylvania showing population centers and roads, along with two inset maps of the trunk highways and counties with populations by 1000s. Below the body of the map are several charts, from left: Populations by County, by town and a table of the populations of towns over 2500 from both the 1930 and 1940 censuses. Fascinating and colorful map of Pennsylvania just at the beginning of World War II. $450
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