An important map of Tennessee, a turn of the century edition of the first American made map of the territory. The map was issued by Mathew Carey, the first American cartographic publisher, and one of the seminal figures in early American cartography. This map was originally printed to accompany Daniel Smith's book on Tennessee (1793) beginning around 1794, and was also inserted in Carey's edition of Guthrie's Geography Improved up to 1800. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first American specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate cottage system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, and coloring his maps utilizing the best independent artists directed to a common end. Carey is important, then, not only for the excellent maps he produced, but for his setting the pattern for American map publishing, to be followed by the likes of John Melish and Henry S. Tanner.
This map shows Tennessee as it was just after it became a state. Carey's map was the first map of Tennessee to be based on actual surveys, mostly the work of General Daniel Smith. Smith was one of the Virginia members on the 1779-80 Virginia-North Carolina border commission. Shortly after this he moved to Tennessee, where he spent the remainder of his life. The map contains much interesting information. Rivers, mountains, wilderness "Public Roads," and the few white settlements in the territory are shown. Also shown are towns and lands of the native Americans. The second state of the map was the first to show the first eight counties in 1796, and this third state merely adds the engraved number "41" to the upper right corner outside the neat lines. Overall, a most desirable map of Tennessee interest. $2,400
Mathew Carey. "The State of Tennessee." Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814. 9 5/8 x 20 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Full margins. A few light spots on centerfold. A small replaced section in bottom right corner, far from printed surface. Otherwise, very good condition.
Published just after the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas and it is an improved depiction of the state over the Smith map Carey had used in earlier versions. It shows the state at a very early date in its development, before the great flood of settlement of the later nineteenth century and at a time when much of the state was wilderness inhabited primarily by Indians. Rivers, towns, trails and roads are shown throughout, though development is quite sparse. The state is broken into twelve counties, with about half the state given over to Cherokee Territory. An attractive and significant map. $1,500
Mathew Carey. "The State of Tennessee." Philadelphia: M. Carey & Son, 1818. 9 5/8 x 20 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Full margins. Some minor spots. Some pencil marks in margins. Overall, very good condition.
Carey's map of Tennessee issued four years later than that above. $1,500
"A New Map of Tennessee with its Roads & Distances . . .." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. With insets of the environs of Nashville and Knoxville. 11 1/2 x 15 1/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Time toning throughout. Still attractive and otherwise, very good condition.
For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This fine map of Tennessee shows the state at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with topographical details, including rivers, towns, and separate coloring for each of the many counties. It is obvious from the quality and attractive appearance of this map why Mitchell's firm became so important. This map is especially interesting in its depiction of the transportation network in the state, including stagecoach roads and railroads. A table at the bottom right lists the steamboat routes from Nashville to Pittsburgh and to New Orleans; an important bit of information in this period of increased immigration and travel in the American mid-west. A fascinating Tennessee document from mid-century. $325
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