In 1654 Joan Blaeu applied for a privilege to publish maps and descriptions of Scotland and received privileges from the State of Holland and West Friesland, Oliver Cromwell, and Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III. His source was a series of manuscript maps by Timothy Pont from his survey of 1596 to about 1600 with information added by Robert Gordon. Blaeu's maps replaced all previous ones and were printed in Latin, French, Dutch, German, and Spanish editions. They remained the best maps until corrected by the surveys of Bryce and MacKenzie in the period 1744 to 1750. Ref.: The Early Maps of Scotland to 1850. 3rd. ed. By D. G. Moir and a Committee of the Royal Scottish Geographical Society. (Edinburgh, 1973) and Peter van der Krogt, Koeman's Atlantis Neerlandici. New Edition: II, 266-294.
The following double folio maps are from the Dutch edition of 1654 and feature original hand color, exquisite decorative elements to the cartouches and full margins.
Mathew Carey. "Scotland with the Principal Roads from the best Authorities." For Guthrie's Geography Improved. Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1804. 14 1/8 x 11 1/8. Engraving. Later hand color. Light staining throughout. Otherwise, very good condition.
An early American map of Scotland, one of the first by a prominent Philadelphia cartographer. It was issued by Mathew Carey, one of the seminal figures in early American cartography. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, coloring and distributing his maps, and so was important not only for the excellent maps he produced, but also for his setting the pattern for early American map publishing. An excellent and attractive American document. $250
William Darton. "Scotland." London: Darton, 1821. 11 1/8 x 9 1/4. Engraving. Original hand color. Mat burn at edge of margins; else, very good condition.
William Darton, Sr. started his mapmaking business in 1787 in London, and thus began a cartographic publishing house that would last, in various manifestations, until the 1860s. William Darton, Jr. joined his father late in the eighteenth century. While not large, the maps contain an impressive amount of detail carefully presented. The information used was the best available in London at the beginning of the nineteenth century, meaning the best in the world, so these maps are not only attractive, but provide an excellent cartographic picture of the world at the time. This map of Scotland, with its clear detail of settlements and of the shires, is a good example of Darton's work. $200
Sidney Hall. "Scotland." London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1830. Two, double folio maps. Each 16 1/4 x 22. Engravings. Original outline color. Some transference and minor spotting. Overall, very good condition.
A two part map by British cartographer Sidney Hall, issued in London in 1830. Though other countries, including the United States, had by then developed cartographic industries of considerable quality, British map publishers were still the best in the world. Here, Scotland is divided into two halves. An insert of the Shetlands is included in the Southern sheet, and the Orkneys are included in the Northern one. $150
M. Malte-Brun. "Scotland." From A System of Universal Geography or A Description of All The Parts Of the World. Boston: Samuel Walker, 1834. 9 3/8 x 7 1/2. Engraving. Very good condition.
From Malte-Brun's Universal Geography, issued in Boston in 1834. The text covered all aspects of the world and included numerous tables and over 70 engraved maps, of which this is one. $125
SDUK. "Environs of Edinburgh." London: Baldwin & Cradock, 1834. 12 x 15 1/4. Engraving. Outline hand color. Very good condition.
A detailed and precisely drawn map of the region around Edinburgh by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). This wonderful English enterprise was devoted to the spreading of up-to-date information and the enhancing of understanding. The Society is noted for their excellent maps, in particular their series of city maps of all parts of the world. A fine map of the city from the first part of the nineteenth century. $85
SDUK. "Scotland I." "Scotland II." "Scotland III." London: SDUK, 1834. Each approx. 12 3/4 x 15 1/2. Engravings. Outline hand color. Very good condition.
Three other maps by SDUK, these detailed maps showing parts of Scotland. "Scotland I" shows southern Scotland; "Scotland II" shows the Highlands. Included is a list of all of the counties as well as their former names. The Orkneys, Hebrides, and Shetlands are the subject of "Scotland III." Each $40
SDUK. "Ancient Britain II." London: SDUK, 1834. 13 1/2 x 11 1/4. Engraving. Outline hand color. Very good condition.
A map by SDUK, with some Scottish place names attributed to Ptolemy. $50
William Johnston. "Johnston's Map of the County of Linlithgow with the Railways." Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, 1837+, but no later than 1857. Separately issued, folding map: dissected into 20 sections and mounted on linen. Steel engraving by W. & A.K. Johnston. 20 1/2 x 26 3/4. Folding into original red folding covers, stamped in gold. Hinges splitting.
Attached to one section of this map is an advertisement by the firm for a series of maps of The Counties of Scotland, though we find no record of an atlas of these maps being made. This map was one of a number of maps that sold as a sheet for 5 shillings and in a case for 8/6. At the top of this map is the Firth of Forth with many small towns to the south connected by the railroads. Fine details and an inset of "Town of Linlithgow." $250
Henry S. Tanner. "Scotland." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1844. 12 x 14. Engraving. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
This map was made by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. The maps were issued by Tanner until 1841, then in 1844 by Carey & Hart. Later the maps were issued by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. into the second half of the century. $225
Henry S. Tanner. "Scotland." From H.S. Tanner's New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1846. Approx. 11 5/8 x 9 1/2. Full original hand coloring. Very good condition.
Another excellent map of Scotland by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. $195
S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. "Scotland." From New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 12 x 9 3/4. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original color. Very good condition.
A beautifully crafted map of Scotland from the mid-nineteenth century. Published by one of the leading U.S. cartographic firms of the period, the map shows the country in the midst of the Victorian Era. The country flourished at this time due to better transportation and agriculture becoming one of the most industrialized nations in Europe. $175
J.H. Colton. "Scotland." With inset maps of "Shetland Isles." and "Orkney Isles." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
The J.H. Colton firm produced informative and decorative maps out of New York in the mid nineteenth century and this map of Scotland is a fine example of their work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes details of towns, roads, rivers, and some topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to beyond the country's borders. This is an attractive map as well as an interesting historical document. $125
William M. Bradley & Bro. "Scotland." Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., 1886. 22 1/2 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidence by this map. Topography, political information, towns, roads and physical features are all presented neatly and clearly. Three insets are included, clockwise from top left: Orkney Islands, Shetland Islands and Southern Portion of the Hebrides or Western Isles. $225
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