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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
This map was issued at the time of the American Revolution, into which the French were then entangled. It was prepared for the very rare French atlas Neptune America-Septentrional and was issued both in that atlas and as a separate map for "Prix Trois Livres." The map would have been in use by the French navy and merchant marine and it would have been used with great effect by the combatants. The map extends from the Delaware Bay to the St. John River in Florida, a main area of concern for the French navy, as the British military action late in the war was focused on this area. Detail of the coast is very precise and detailed, with soundings, islands, bays, towns, and so forth all indicated. Somewhat surprising for a sea chart, the map has superb detail inland as far as the Appalachian Range. Roads, plantations, chapels, forts, fords, topography, rivers, and much else is shown with exquisite exactness. This was probably because the charts were intended to be useable not just by the naval forces, but also by French troops who might be landed in the conflict.
Of note is the indication of "York" on the York River, also known as Yorktown, which soon after this map was issued was the scene of the French naval blockade which was the immediate cause of the surrender of Cornwallis and the end of the Revolution. It was not unlikely on another copy of this chart that the French Admiral De Grasse consulted as he planned his operations against the British fleet in North America. To examine and hold such a historical document, one which gives us a privileged, contemporary view of the American Revolution is a thrill indeed. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
John Barron, Surveyor for Rev. Thomas Adams. A plat map showing 227 acres adjoining the Ferry at Camden, South Carolina. Pen and watercolor. 2 May 1794. 12 3/4 x 7 3/4 (full sheet), Former folds in docket configuration. Conserved by deacidification and backing with archival tissue for strength. Old deterioration at compass center due to iron gall ink arrested.
The two tracts are east of the Wateree River, and a small lot with a house is next to the river but not within the acres defined as "A." Tract "A" contained 172 acres, and tract "B" is 55 3/4 acres. The surveyor's text states, "At the Request of the Reverend Thomas Adams I have Resurveyed the above tract of Land adjoining the Ferry at Camden and find it to contain 227 3/4 acres being, A 172 Acres and B 55 3/4 Acres. Camden 2d. May 1794. [Signed] Jno. Barron."
Methodist Thomas Adams (d. 1797), ordained at Boston's West Church in 1791 for service in Camden, Kershaw County, South Carolina, was the son of Amos Adams, pastor of the first church in Roxbury, Massachusetts. John Barron (1753-1841) was a member of a family prominent in York County, South Carolina. The house shown is possibly the ferry house, which was about 300 yards upstream from the current bridge for Interstate 20. $600
Thomas G. Bradford. "North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: Wm. B. Ticknor, 1835. 7 5/8 x 10. Engraving. Original outline color. Some light spotting. Otherwise, very good condition.
A nice map of the American southeast from Boston publisher and cartographer, Thomas G. Bradford (1802-1887). Issued in 1835, Bradford's Atlas contained maps of the different United States and other parts of the world, based on the most up-to-date information available at the time. Towns, rivers, lakes, and some orography are depicted. Counties are named and indicated with original outline color. Because Bradford continued to update his maps as he issued them in different volumes, this political information is very interesting for historic purposes. This is a good representation of American cartography in the fourth decade of the nineteenth century and an interesting document of regional history. $135
S. Augustus Mitchell. "The Tourist's Pocket Map of South Carolina Exhibiting Its Internal Improvements Roads Distances &c." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1836. Copyright date 1834. 12 3/4 x 15 1/4. Engraving. With insets: "Vicinity of Charleston" and "Vicinity of Columbia." Excellent condition. Printed on flexible paper but never folded into booklet.
A nice example of Mitchell's rare "Tourist's Pocket Map" of South Carolina, though this example does not seem to have ever been folded into a booklet. This map is highly refined and carefully detailed. Roads, transportation routes and towns are clearly indicated making it a valuable transportation guide for the early 19th century traveler. While particular emphasis is given to canals and railroads, which played so important a part in the state's history at mid-century, roads still provided the major conveyance to travel as witnessed by the inset listing "Principal Stage Routes.". The two interesting insert maps add further detailed information. $450
Thomas G. Bradford. "South Carolina." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 3/8 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An attractive and early map of South Carolina by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. The map shows South Carolina before mid-century, and it demonstrates the social and political situation at the time. Counties are named and indicated in contrasting shades, and rivers, lakes, and towns are precisely depicted. Also shown is the early transportation network of the state, including a railroad from Charleston to Augusta and the Santee Canal. Overall, this is a nice picture of the state near the middle of the nineteenth century. $350
A strong and beautifully crafted map of South Carolina by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his 1833 Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. Carey & Hart reissued their version of the Tanner Universal Atlas in 1844, including this map of South Carolina. $275
"A New Map of South Carolina with its Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 11 5/8 x 14 1/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
A strong, detailed map of South Carolina issued by S. Augustus Mitchell of Philadelphia. In 1846, S. Augustus Mitchell purchased the rights to the important Universal Atlas by H.S. Tanner. Mitchell had lithographic transfers made of the engraved maps and issued his version of Tanner's Universal Atlas, with maps that were essentially unchanged, other than process and a new border. Mitchell then immediately started to make some changes to the maps, mostly changing the copyright and publisher information, and he began his own series of editions of the Universal Atlas. This map from the 1849 edition of that atlas, like those of the earlier editions, is excellent, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. Details are clearly presented, including towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. Tables at the right list the steamboat routes from Savannah to both Charleston and Augusta. An inset map of Charleston with a location key is included in the bottom left corner. A fascinating South Carolina document. $275
"A New Map of South Carolina with its canals, roads & distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 11 1/2 x 14. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Very good condition. With inset of "Charleston."
In 1850, the rights to the Mitchell atlas were sold to Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., who reissued the map of South Carolina without any changes. This copy was issued the following year and with Mitchell's name removed. $225
"Charleston Harbour, S.Ca. Reduced from the Original Survey of Major H. Bache U.S.T.E." [South Carolina] from American Coast Pilot. New York: Edmund & George W. Blunt, 1854-55. 17th edition. Engraving. 8 1/8 x 8 5/8. Engraved by William Hooker. Very good condition.
A small sea chart from Blunt's famous American Coast Pilot. Edmund March Blunt (1770-1862) published the first edition of Captain Lawrence Furlong's American Coast Pilot in 1796, beginning his long career as a nautical book and chart maker. Blunt was actually the primary author of this work, using Furlong's name for credibility. The earliest editions did not contain any charts, but instead included verbal descriptions of sailing directions, tide tables, latitudes and longitudes, and navigational landmarks, as well as other information of use to sailors. In the later edition Blunt began to include small charts of harbors and sections of the coast. Over the years, Blunt continued to issue editions of this sea pilot and also produced separate charts based, at first, on the charts of others but later on his own charts and those of his sons, George William and Edmund. About 1827, Blunt retired and the firm was carried on by his sons, who continued to issue some of the best American sea charts of the period. Of note was the alliance between the Blunts and the U.S. Coast Survey, which allowed the Blunts to access to the latest U.S. surveys. In all, the Blunt firm issued twenty-one editions of the American Coast Pilot, which became an essential work for native and foreign sailors along the American coast. Finally, in 1867, the rights to the American Coast Pilot were sold to the Coast Survey for $20,000, ending the Blunt's long run as preeminent supplier of information on the American coast. $175
"A New Map of South Carolina with its Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place, along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 11 1/2 x 14 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. Inset showing the city of Charleston. An attractive and fascinating South Carolina document from just before the Civil War. $175
J.H. Colton. "South Carolina." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1856. 13 x 16. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of South Carolina, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $175
"Johnson's North and South Carolina." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862-3. 17 x 24. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition. With vignettes of "Chimney Rocks and French Broad River" and "Table Mountain" plus an inset "Plan of Charleston Vicinity and Harbor." With decorative border. Scattered spots.
An attractive map from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued early in the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is a good example of Johnson's work. Counties, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network in the states that would be come so important in the forthcoming conflict, as well as the rendering of Charleston Harbor where the fighting would commence. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175
"County Map of North Carolina,"/"County Map of South Carolina," with inset "Map of Charleston Harbor,"/"County Map of Florida." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., 1866. 13 7/8 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Decorative border. Spots in western Florida and into Gulf; else very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases, and it shows the Carolinas and Florida in the mid 1860s, shortly after the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive and historically interesting mid-nineteenth century map. $185
"South Carolina." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1875. 12 1/2 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The J.H. Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Georgia, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties in contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, rivers, marshes, and some topography. Of particular interest are the indications of the burgeoning transportation network in the state, with roads and railroads clearly shown. Of note is the "Plan of Charleston, vicinity & harbor" inset in the lower left. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $145
"South Carolina." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $65
"North & South Carolina." Chicago: George F. Cram & Co., ca. 1889. 13 1/2 x 20 1/2. Colored cerograph. Very good condition.
A colorful, detailed map of the states of North and south Carolina. The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. $40
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