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Antique Maps of Mississippi

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Lucas Mississippi Territory
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Mississippi." From A New and Elegant General Atlas Containing Maps of each of the United States. Baltimore: F. Lucas, Jr., 1816. Folio. 8 1/4 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Full original hand color. Large margins. Fine condition.

A fine map by Baltimore cartographer, Fielding Lucas, Jr. (1781-1854). Lucas appears to have become involved in the publishing and book trade while a resident of Philadelphia from 1798 to 1804, when he moved to Baltimore. In 1807 Lucas joined Conrad, Lucas & Co., and then in 1810 he set up his own business at 138 Market Street. There Lucas first got involved in cartographic publishing with his New and Elegant General Atlas of 1816. In the second decade of the nineteenth century, through his Philadelphia contacts, Lucas was one of the major contributors to Carey & Lea's atlas of 1823. Concurrently with this involvement, Lucas brought out his own General Atlas, containing 104 maps of all parts of the world. Lucas, during his 50 years of residence in Baltimore, established himself as a prominent citizen of that city, serving as President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, President of the Board of School Commissioners, and as President of the Second Branch of the City Council. But it is for his important role in early American cartography that Lucas is best remembered. $900

Lucas Mississippi
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Mississippi.". Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1822. 11 3/4 x 9 (map); 16 3/4 x 20 1/2 (full sheet). Engraving by Young & Delleker. Full, original hand coloring. Very good condition.

In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth.

The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. In this fine map of Mississippi, the state is shown in a very early stage of its growth, with development mostly limited to the south; north of Jackson are only two counties-Yazoo and Monroe-the rest of the state shown as Indian lands for the Choctaws and Chickasaws. Towns, forts, and Indian Agency locations are indicated, as are the roads criss-crossing the southern part of the state. Two roads extend to the northeast, one running from the Pierre River to Nashville, and the other General Jackson's road from New Orleans to Muscle Shoals. Rivers and lakes are illustrated and the political divisions are hand colored with bright washes. An important and fascination graphic and verbal portrayal of Mississippi. $750

Bradford Mississippi
Thomas G. Bradford. "Mississippi." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Charles D. Strong., [1838]-1842. 14 1/8 x 11 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.

Another finely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher, showing Mississippi at the beginning of the fourth decade of the nineteenth century. The map was original drawn and issued by Thomas Bradford in 1838 and this example was published four years later. Detail is very good, showing towns, counties, and the myriad rivers throughout the state. The map is impressive in its detail. Included is an early railroad from Canton to Natchez and one starting in Woodville and heading south towards New Orleans. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring, and precise engraving. $325

S. Augustus Mitchell. "A New Map of Mississippi with its Roads & Distances." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1849. 14 x 11 3/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-color. Very good condition.

An excellent map of Mississippi by S. Augustus Mitchell. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This map of Mississippi is a good example of this work. Topographical and political information, including towns, rivers, etc. is clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel shades. This series of maps is known in particular for its excellent detail on the transportation nexus in the states, and here roads, with distances along them, canals and one railroad-from Jackson to the Mississippi River-are clearly presented. At left is a table of distances along the steam boat routes in the state. A fine early map of the state. $225

Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. "A New Map of Mississippi with its Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1853. 14 x 11 3/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand color. Full margins. Very good condition.

A strong, beautifully crafted map of Mississippi from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Mississippi at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the American south. This information is clearly depicted, including rail lines, canals and roads. A table at the left lists the steamboat routes from Natchez to both New Orleans and Pittsburgh. A fascinating Mississippi document from mid-century. $175

Johnson Ward Arkansas Mississippi Louisiana
Johnson and Ward. "Johnson's Arkansas Mississippi and Louisiana." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 24 x 17. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

An attractive and large map of these southern states from A. J. Johnson's atlas issued one year following the start of the Civil War. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's work. Townships, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. Of particular note is the extensive road and rail network connecting these states to ports along the Mississippi. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $75

"Sketch of the Public Surveys in the State of Mississippi." Washington: General Land Office, 1866. 17 1/2 x 11 3/4. Lithograph. Original outline color. Very good condition.

The U.S. General Land Office (GLO) was established in 1812 with responsibility to survey and control the dispersal of public lands. All public land was required to be surveyed prior to settlement, and the first director of the GLO, Thomas Hutchins, set up a systematic process of rectangular survey for the public lands and launched the great national project to survey and map the public domain in the entire country, a procedure which got under way in the famous "seven ranges" of southeast Ohio. Each surveyor was to record not only geography, but also features of the landscape with economic import, such as roads, Indian trails, existing settlements, Indian lands, mineral deposits, and of particular interest, railroads and their rights of way. Of note is that unlike most surveys of the time, the surveyors were instructed not to apply new names to the landscape, but to use "the received names of all rivers, creeks, lakes, swamps, prairies, hills, mountains and other natural objects." Periodically the GLO would issue maps showing the progress of their surveys, and this map shows how Mississippi was well covered by 1866. Interesting features are the railroads in the state. $350

S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. Arkansas Mississippi Louisiana
S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of the States of Arkansas Mississippi and Louisiana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., 1867. 20 7/8 x 13 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Slight discoloration in left and right margins.

A new multi-state atlas map of Arkansas, Mississippi and Louisiana from the Mitchell publishing company in Philadelphia. For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, Sr. dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases shortly after the Civil War. Towns, rivers, roads and other topographical information are clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. A fine decorative border surrounds the map, and the whole effect makes for an attractive and historically interesting mid-nineteenth century map. $75

Gray: Mississippi
"Mississippi." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 14 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A nicely detailed map of Mississippi showing counties, towns, canals, roads, railroads & topography by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray and Son. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map is typical of their work, and its attractive presentation and interesting detail make it a nice example of late nineteenth century Philadelphia cartography. A similar map of Louisiana is on the reverse. $110

Arbuckle Mississippi
"Mississippi." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60

Cram: Mississippi 1891
"Mississippi." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1891. 13 x 10 1/4. Very good condition. $40

Rand McNally Mississippi
"Mississippi." From Rand, McNally & Co.'s Indexed Atlas of the World. 1892. 26 x 18 7/8. Missing corner of bottom right margin. Otherwise, very good condition.

Large, colorful atlas map of Mississippi detailing roads, railroad lines and topography. Index to counties, creeks, islands, lakes, rivers, and towns on reverse. $75


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