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A Colton map of the Minnesota Territory, when it included part of Dakota. When Minnesota became a state in 1858, the leftover area between the Missouri River and Minnesota's western boundary was a largely unorganized area known as the Dakota territory. This map shows the fleetingly established Doty County in the northeast of the state (which existed from February 20 to March 3, 1855, when it was renamed Newton) and the later disbanded county of Davis. $175
"Minnesota." New York: J.H. Colton & Co., ca. 1860. 14 5/8 x 11 7/8. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition.
An updated version of the Colton map of the Minnesota Territory, showing new political boundaries. When Minnesota became a state in 1858, the leftover area between the Missouri River and Minnesota's western boundary was a largely unorganized area known as the Dakota territory. This map shows the recently established Lake and St. Louis counties in the northeast of the state, and the later disbanded county of Davis, which dates this map to a period between 1856 and 1862. $150
"Johnson's Minnesota and Dakota." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 12 3/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A graphic illustration of the border between the nascent development of the mid-west and the wilds of the western United States. This map, clearly acquired from the earlier efforts of the Colton firm, shows Minnesota within a few years of statehood, and the eastern portion of what became the Dakota Territory in 1861. Minnesota is shown broken into counties, and the southeast into survey quadrants. Towns, roads, and other signs of progressing settlement are indicated. To the west, the part of Dakota illustrated is devoid of counties and railroads, and only five towns are large enough to be indicated. Little information was available of the far northwest, with the Missouri, a few creeks and two forts the only details shown. A printed text at the top says, "The vast region of Prairies from Red River of the North and Mini Wakan I. to about the Gr. Bend of the Missouri R. is the great Hunting and Fighting Ground of Kdakotah, Odjibwe, Assiniboin, Arikara, Minitarree and other Nations."
Interestingly, this map shows one inconsistency, with Rock County labeled as Pipestone, and vice versa. Both counties were founded in May of 1857. This error continued to appear is succesive editions, and still later in some of the maps published by the S. A. Mitchell firm of Philadelphia during the 1860s. $150
"Johnson's Minnesota and Dakota." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1865. 12 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A later edition of the map above with an attractive border. Based on the map above, also published by Johnson & Ward, this edition shows updated political information such as Becker County, established in March of 1858. $200
"Minnesota." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1866. 15 3/4 x 12 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An up-to-date map of Minnesota from the New York firm of G.W. & C.B. Colton. Interestingly, the map does not show the northern boundary of the state, indicative of how sparsely populated this part of the country was at the time. $85
"County Map of Minnesota." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 13 7/8 x 11 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Small spot in lower left corner into decorative border. Else, very good condition.
S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., of Philadelphia, was one of the largest map publishers of the middle of the nineteenth century. The firm was founded by his father, who from the middle of the nineteenth century, issued atlases and maps of all parts of the world in all formats. The Mitchell atlases contained up-to-date maps which were as attractive as they were accurate. This is a fine example of the Mitchell firm's output. Interestingly, this map shows one inconsistency, with Rock County labeled as Pipestone, and vice versa. Both counties were founded in May of 1857. This error seems to have begun in an earlier published map of the state by Colton. $65
Alfred J. Hill. "Sectional Map of the Surveyed Portion of Minnesota and the North Western Part of Wisconsin." St. Paul: J.S. Sewall, 1869. Copyright, 1857. 32 3/4 x 24 7/8. Engraving by C.A. Swett, Boston. Original hand color. Full narrow margins. With some separation, wear and small holes at folds. With three stains at right. Overall, good condition. With original buckram covers.
This map, showing the entire state of Minnesota and part of northwestern Wisconsin, was issued within about a decade of Minnesota statehood. Sewall's map was the standard and best map of the region at this time of extensive development. Topographical information is excellent, with the extensive network of lakes and rivers well mapped. Counties are shown throughout the state, which is shown completely surveyed in the southern parts up to just past Mille Lacs. The northern parts are virtually unsettled and unsurveyed, though there is the beginning of development in places. In the developed areas, survey grids are indicated, along with settlements, both large and small, roads and railroads, Indian reservations and much else. An excellent item. This particular example of the map, which was issued over a number of years, was sold by D.D. Merrill, Randall & Co., of St. Paul. Their advertisement pasted into the front cover gives a date of June 1, 1869 and has the note that the map could be, "Sent by mail, post-paid, on receipt of $1.25." $625
O.W. Gray. "Minnesota." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 23 1/4 x 16 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A map of Minnesota issued by O.W. Gray in Philadelphia, with an inste of the northeastern tip in the top right. The state is shown with its counties and what settlements there were shortly after the Centennial. Settlement is primarily in the south and along the rivers. A nice image of the state on the cusp of big changes. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
"The Central States West of Mississippi River." 1877. 10 5/8 x 8 7/8. Lithograph. Original color. Very good condition.
Illustrates North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Minnesota, Iowa, and Missouri. $40
William M. Bradley & Bro. "Minnesota." Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., 1886. 22 3/8 x 16 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidence by this map. Topography, political information, towns, roads and physical features are all presented neatly and clearly. An inset is included at the top right of the northeastern tip of the state. $125
"Minnesota." From Gaskell's Atlas of the World. Chicago: Unknown, 1887. 12 1/8 x 9 5/8. Engraving. A colorful map with full borders. Very good condition.
Towns, railroads, topography and more are all clearly presented on this detailed map. Counties shown in contrasting pastel shades. Inset showing the tip of Cook County. Missouri on reverse $40
"Minnesota." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60
[Minneapolis.] From New General Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1895. 11 3/8 x 9. Cerograph, with full original color. Good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information about Minneapolis is neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. A lovely and colorful map of the city. On verso "St. Paul" (below) $30
[St. Paul] From New General Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1895. 11 3/8 x 9. Cerograph, with full original color. Very good condition.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information about St. Paul is neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. A lovely and colorful map of the city. On verso "Minneapolis" (above) $30
"Minnesota." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1903. 23 7/8 x 17. Cerograph. Separately issued folding map. Separated from (but accompanied by) original paper cover. Two tears at left edge (no more than 7/8" into image). Light wear along fold lines; small loss at lower right corner. Else, very good condition. With inset map of Twin Cities region.
Claiming that buyers could double their money, Minneapolis land agent Franklin Benner used maps like this to attract clients ready to buy on "easy terms." Layering his slogans over Cram's informative maps (which also illustrated rail lines snaking up from the Twin Cities), Benner turned an ordinary map into promotional material. With urgings to purchase immediately "as prices will continue to advance," he aggressively marketed land throughout the northern Midwest, including this patch of land in frigid, iron-rich Cass County, Minnesota at the edge of the Iron Range. As iron and manganese mines flourished in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, the logging industry also reached a high point in production, peaking around 1900 as water and rail transportation streamlined lumber movement.
Surprisingly, Benner advertises "improved farms" for sale in this area, as well as "wild lands." Dominated by logging and mining, the tree-covered areas around Leech Lake were much less suitable for agriculture than the more heavily settled prairies to the south. Enterprising to say the least, Benner probably used this map to market less saleable lands to uninformed outsiders. Folded into its compact paper cover, this map could be easily mailed to potential customers, who were invited to write Benner with "full particulars" of what they wanted. Colorful and detailed, this is a fascinating document of Minnesota land sales and settlement. $225
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