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Antique Maps of Mexico

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Kitchin: Mexico or New Spain
Thomas Kitchin. "Mexico or New Spain; in which the Motions of Cortes may be traced." From William Robertson's History of America. London: W. Strahan & T. Cadell, 1777. 11 1/4 x 15. Engraving. With folds as issued, and some light creasing from being folded in volume. Otherwise, very good condition.

A map from William Robertson's popular History of America, one of the first scholarly histories written of the western hemisphere. The map was partly intended so that "the Motions of Cortez may be Traced." The information in Mexico, including New Mexico up the Rio Grande, is quite good, but little is shown in California, and to the east of New Mexico is indicated a large empty land labeled "Great Space of Land unknown." Along the Gulf coast the major rivers are indicated and in "Tecas" are noted Natchitoches, Cenis, and Presidio, near the latter of which is indicated "Here M. de la Sale settled in 1685. Also shown along the Mississippi is "Natches destroy'd." An inset in the lower left shows the environs of Mexico City. $450

Bonne Mexico
Rigobert Bonne. "Le Nouveau Mexique." Paris, 1778. 8 x 12 1/4. Engraving by Dien. Very good condition. Lowery: 545.

Rigobert Bonne was the Royal Hydrographer of France, so his primary interest was in marine charts. However, with his Royal connections and access to the cartographic documents in Paris, Bonne was able to compile maps containing some of the most up-to-date information of his time. This map of the southern part of North America is a good example of his work. It shows as far north as Santa Fe and to just below Guadalahara, also including the northern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula. The southern coast of the United States in included to western Florida, and the river systems are included inland, especially for present-day Texas. A fine eighteenth century map of the region, with good early information of this American southwest. $325

Pages Mexico
Bernard. "Carte d'une partie de l'Amérique Séptentrionale, qui continent partie de la Nle. Espagne, et de la Louisiane." From Pierre de Pagès' Voyages Autour Du Monde. Paris, 1782. 12 3/4 x 17. Engraving by Bernard. Very good condition.

A unusual map based on a first hand trek across Texas and Mexico by a French naval officer, Pierre Marie François de Pagès. Born of noble family, Pagès made a five-year voyage around the world, which he recounted in his publication of 1782. Perhaps of the most interesting part of his trip was his horseback traverse of Texas in 1767. As shown by a line marked on this map, Pagès landed in New Orleans, traveled up the Mississippi and Red Rivers to "Nachitoches" and then set off on horseback across the "Province de los Texas." and then south through Mexico to Acapulco. Pagès account, and this map, provided the best first-hand information on this region in the late eighteenth century. The map shows many town, forts, rivers, and notes on Indian tribes. Pagès returned to France via the Pacific, wrote his account and later engaged in further expeditions (to the North and South Poles) and even was involved with the French navy in the American Revolution. $1,400

Mathew Carey. "Mexico or New Spain." Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814. 17 5/8 x 15 5/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

An intriguing American map of Mexico. Published by Mathew Carey in 1814, during the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Mexico, or "New Spain" as such included not only present-day Mexico, but El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, all subject to the Spanish Crown. The northern boundary as shown here extended well north of Santa Fe, while the eastern border is located at the Sabine River-a boundary which was to moved west by the treaty accords following the 1819 War between Spain and the United States. By 1820 the provincial government under Augustin de Iturbide had revolted against the new liberal monarchy for fear of modernization. This was the beginning of a 60-year period defined by one internal rival struggling against the other that would end only with the second election of Porfirio Diaz in 1884. The southern end of the nation similarly reacted in their own, local interests forming the Central American nations of modern times. $850

John Cary. "Mexico." From Cary's New Universal Atlas. London: J. Cary, 1816. 11 3/8 x 9 1/8. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.

The map was produced by John Cary (ca. 1754-1835), the founder of the famous English cartographic firm. From about mid-way through the eighteenth century, British cartographers were the best in the world, and the maps produced by Cary are good examples of the quality they achieved. It shows Mexico just after the Hidalgo/Morelos revolt against Spanish rule, the precursor to Mexican independence in 1821. The detail includes rivers, mountains, and the political divisions of Mexico. At that time Mexico included Texas, part of Potosi, and New Mexico, running up the valley of the Rio Grande to beyond Santa Fe. $325

Henry S. Tanner. "Map of a part of Mexico exhibiting the author's route from Vera Cruz to Mexico and thence Tampico." From Joel Roberts Poinsett's Notes on Mexico, Made in the Autumn of 1822. Philadelphia: Carey & Lea, 1824. 22 3/4 x 17 3/4. Engraving. Map trimmed to neatlines and with wear at edges, including two longer tears. Map professionally conserved and lined with rice paper. Images very good.

Joel Roberts Poinsett was the most influential American of the early nineteenth century with reference to Mexico. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1820, he interrupted his term to take a special mission to Mexico in 1822 and 1823, being the first American diplomatic envoy to this newly independent nation. In 1825, Poinsett became the first U.S. minister to Mexico, a post he held until 1829. An ardent supporter of a republican Mexico, Poinsett was popular and influential in Mexico at first, but soon his behavior led to the coining of the term "poinsettismo," to mean an intrusive and officious manner. Interestingly, Poinsett's name was used to create another term, for the poinsettia, which he brought to American from Mexico, was renamed in his honor. During his stay in Mexico, Poinsett kept a diary and made notes, which he published in 1824 as Notes on Mexico. This was the first detailed description of the country that was published in the United States and for the first time introduced our southern neighbor to most Americans. This map, drawn by Henry Schenk Tanner, was issued to illustrate the Notes, showing Poinsett's route from Vera Cruz, where he landed, to Mexico City, and then to Tampico. It was one of the first detailed mappings of the interior of Mexico published in this country. $300

Daniel Lizars. "Mexico & Guatimala." Edinburgh: D. Lizars, ca. 1826. 15 7/9 x 19 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. A few light spots in margins. Else, fine condition.

A brightly colored map of Mexico and Central America by Daniel Lizars. New California is named in the top left, but little information is shown, while New Mexico is clearly indicated along the Rio Grande. The border between the United States and Mexico follows the Red River and then the coloring makes it dip down to follow the Rio Grande in what is today western Texas. There is a dotted line running north from the Red River, following the border as agreed with Spain in the Adam-OnĂ­s Treaty of 1819. As another edition of this map shows the region west of this line as belonging to Mexico, this might simply have been a mistake by the colorist. Detail includes topography, rivers, towns, intendencias, and a few roads, including one through present-day Texas to Nacogdoches. The only other settlements in Texas shown are San Antonio and Loredo. $975

P. Vander Maelen. "59. Partie du Mexique." [North Central Mexico.] From Atlas Universel. Brussels: P. Vander Maelen, 1827. 18 1/4 x 20. Lithograph by H. Ode. Original outline hand coloring. Very good condition.

A well executed and very detailed map from Vander Maelen's monumental atlas of 1827, the Atlas Universel. This atlas was one of the most remarkable world atlases ever produced, anticipating the International Map of the World and showng for the first time the entire land mass of the world on a uniform scale. The entire atlas consisted of 400 maps drawn on a scale of ca. 1:1.6 million, with as precise and accurate information as was then available. This atlas was also the first to be made totally with lithography, each map precisely drawn by H. Ode. This map shows the north-central part of Mexico, with the Rio Grande cutting across the top right. Information includes towns, roads, rivers and extensive topographical hachuring. An interesting map of a scale well before its time. $325

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