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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
An attractive, large scale sea chart of the area around the Chesapeake Bay from Norfolk to New York. The son of French parents, Mortier was born in France but lived and worked in Amsterdam (1661-1722). A bookseller and publisher from about 1685, he entered into the map-trade in 1690 and soon became known as a publisher of some of the finest maps of the period. Though there is no definite attribution, this map was derived by Jaillot from the work of two Englishman, William Fisher and John Thornton. These two men published in 1689 what was to become for over one hundred years, a virtually unaltered sailing chart of the Chesapeake area. This map improved upon earlier maps showing greater detail of soundings, sand bars, and new place names, especially along the Virginia coast, that was not previously known. This map was, therefore, one of the most accurate of its time.
This map is a sea chart that was part of Mortier's Le Neptune Francois, and it has a western orientation, as this is the way one would see the land as one sailed towards it from Europe. The map shows the coastline from below Cape Henry to Staten Island, naming nearly every creek and inlet along these coasts. Interesting details of this map include the presence of sand bars and a "sunken marais [marsh]" off-shore of Staten Island (no Manhattan shown); the wealth of detail throughout the Chesapeake Bay; the amount of settlement along the James and York Rivers; and the recognition of Philadelphia as the only city of any substance. The rose compasses and rhumb lines along with the hand coloring, make the map very attractive. Unusually large for a sea chart, the map was obviously intended as something of a showpiece. Decoratively and historically a show-stopper. $8,500
Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson. "Carte De La Virginie et Du Maryland." Paris: Gilles Robert De Vaugondy, 1755. 19 x 25 1/4. Engraving by E[lizabeth]. Haussard. Original outline color. Slight spotting and petite chips at extremities. Very good condition and impression. The strongest strike we have seen. Pedley: 470, state 1.
The first state of Robert De Vaugondy's French edition of the Fry-Jefferson map of Virginia and Maryland. This is one of the most famous of American maps, and the finest eighteenth century map of these states. Commissioned by the colonial government of Virginia, this is the first accurate map of the colony beyond the Chesapeake Bay region and into the Appalachian mountains. Joshua Fry, Thomas Jefferson's tutor, and Peter Jefferson, Thomas' father, based the map on their own surveys of the interior together with other first-hand information, producing a superior map that extends from the Chesapeake in the east to beyond the mountains in the west. This map was thus a watershed in the history of the mapping of Virginia and remained the prototype for the region for the second half of the century. The first edition of this map was published in London in 1751 in a very large size. Its impact was greatly increased by this reduced French edition, which came out a mere four years after the first English edition. In fact, it is said that Thomas Jefferson hung the smaller version at Monticello as the English copy of his father's map was too large. The map shows excellent topographical information from Delaware through western Virginia, presenting the development, transportation and economic potential of the mid-Atlantic English colonies in a wonderfully graphic manner. $4,200
Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson. "A Map of the most Inhabited Part of Virginia containing the whole Province of Maryland...Drawn by Joshua Fry & Peter Jefferson in 1775." London: Sayer & Jefferys, 1775. Four sheets joined in two sheets, ca. 30 x 48 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Very large original margins. Excellent condition. Stevens & Tree, 87, f.
One of the most famous of American maps, and the finest eighteenth century map of Virginia and Maryland. The map was commissioned by the English Lords of Trade as part of the comprehensive mapping of the British colonies undertaken in the middle of the eighteenth century. The surveyors were Peter Jefferson, Thomas' father, and Joshua Fry, a mathematician at the College of William and Mary and Thomas Jefferson's tutor, who had already taken a number of important surveying commissions in Virginia. The map was based on their own surveys of the interior together with other first-hand information. Fry and Jefferson finished their map in 1751 and then revised it a few years later to incorporate information from John Dalrymple and others concerning the western part of the colony. The resulting map was by the far the best of Virginia to date and the first to accurately map beyond the Chesapeake Bay region and into the Appalachian mountains. This map was thus a watershed in the history of the mapping of Virginia and remained the prototype for the region for the second half of the century. Not only was it the first map to show the western parts of the colony, but it was the first to depict the road system in the colony. In the lower right is a lovely title cartouche showing a harbor scene on the Chesapeake and a tobacco warehouse, a vignette that has earned its own place in American iconography.
Though dated in the map 1751-the date the manuscript was finished-the first issue of the map was probably published about 1753 and was titled "A Map of the Inhabited part of Virginia." It is exceedingly rare, with only a few complete copies known to exist. It was shortly after this issue that Fry and Jefferson updated the depiction of the western parts of the map, making a number of changes to produce what they called the "second edition" of 1755. This second edition was actually the fourth state, with two other intermediary states showing different stages in the modification of the geographic rendering on the map, as well as the change of the title to now read "A Map of the most Inhabited part of Virginia" (emphasis added). No more geographic changes were made, but the map went through four more editions with the date changed to 1768, 1775, 1782, and finally 1794. The issue of 1775, of which this is a fine example, was published for Thomas Jefferys' important American Atlas, which contained examples of the many great maps of the American colonies that resulted from the mid-century mapping undertaken by the British. $40,000
J. Denison. "Map of the States of Maryland and Delaware." From Jedidiah Morse's The American Universal Geography. Boston: Thomas & Andrews, June 1796. 7 3/8 x 9 1/2. Engraving by A. Doolittle. Separated along original fold. Old repair not quite aligned. Else, very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 514.
An excellent late eighteenth century map of the states of Maryland and Delaware. This map was from Jedidiah Morse's Geography, one of the first American publications of its kind. Morse, the father of Samuel F.B. Morse, established himself in the 1780s as one of the leading producers of American maps. Amos Doolittle, the engraver, is one of the great names in patriotic publishing, especially during the Revolution. The map is of interest because of its early detail, including towns, counties, lakes, streams and other topographical information. Of note is the early indication of "Washington City" prior to its physical establishment. It also shows George Washington's "Mount Vernon." An excellent early American map. $375
Mathew Carey after Samuel Lewis. "The State of Maryland from the best Authorities." Engraved by W. Barker. 11 5/8 x 16 1/2 (platemarks) plus margins. Philadelphia: Carey, 1795. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 510.
The two most influential names in American cartography at the end of the eighteenth century were Mathew Carey and Samuel Lewis. Carey was the first major American publisher of maps and atlases, and his Atlas of 1795 is one of the landmarks of early American cartography because it contained some of the first printed maps of many states. Mathew Carey was one of the great citizens of Philadelphia and founder of the present-day firm of Lea & Febiger, still located on Washington Square. Lewis was a mathematician and a cartographer. His maps through Carey's intercession had great impact.
This precisely drawn map has much information and makes maximum use of space by providing information on western Maryland in an inset. The western boundary line is shown extending north from the source of the "Potowmac" which is indicated as "Spring Head" on this inset. The first editions of most Carey maps from this series is indicated by the notation that it was "Engraved for Carey's American Edition of Guthrie's Geography improved." As such, Carey was producing an American version of a British geographical study that was not flattering to the Americans. Note that the prime meridian is Philadelphia. $850
L'Enfant/Ellicott. "Plan of the City of Washington." From I. Weld, Jr.'s Travels through the States of North America...during 1795, 1796 and 1797. London: J. Stockdale, 1798. 6 3/4 x 8 1/2 (neatlines) plus margins. Line engraving. Folds as issued. Very good impression and condition.
This early plan of Washington, D.C. was based on the first printing of the small sized map which was originally done by Thakara and Vallance for The Universal Asylum and Columbia Magazine for March, 1792 in Philadelphia. Based on the original L'Enfant-Ellicott plans, it was originally rushed into production when John Hills in Boston was competing with the Philadelphians to produce the earliest engraving. After the 1792 printing, versions were issued in editions of Jedediah Morse's Geography, in London's Universal Magazine, and in other publications. Isaac Weld visited Washington and included this plan along with his written observations prior to the government actually moving to the new city. A scarce and early piece. $625
After John Melish. "Baltimore Annapolis and Adjacent Country." Philadelphia, . 5 1/2 x 3 1/8. Engraving. Very good condition.
One of a series of regional maps similar to those in A Geographical Description of the United States but slightly smaller. This was likely issued around 1822, perhaps shortly after Melish's death that year. $150
Jean Alexandre C. Buchon after Carey & Lea. "Maryland." Paris: J. Carez, 1825. 11 x 18 1/2 (map); 17 1/2 x 24 1/2 (full sheet). Engraved map with letterpress. Light original color. Full margins. Some soft creases. Very good condition.
Three years after Carey & Lea issued their important American Atlas (cf. above), Jean Buchon issued a revised, French edition of the atlas, Atlas Geographique des deux Ameriques. Following the earlier format with maps surrounded by the text, Buchon's maps are fascinating Franco-American documents, presenting a comprehensive statement of the French understanding of what was still considered the `New World.' The maps have excellent detail, and the text is filled with information on the climate, economy, topography, government, and so forth. This map of Maryland is a fine example from the atlas. $375
Fielding Lucas, Jr. "Geographical, Statistical, and Historical Map of Maryland." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea., 1827. Engraved by Boyd. Map 11 x 19 1/4; Full sheet 16 5/8 x 20 7/8. Engraving by Boyd. Original hand color. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of Maryland was designed by Fielding Lucas of Baltimore. He was one of the early leaders of the arts and sciences circles of that city. This map is based on Lucas' 1819 depiction of the state. Besides much detail about Maryland, the map shows all of Delaware and Washington when the District of Columbia comprised all of the ten mile square configuration. $625
Thomas G. Bradford. "Baltimore." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 11 1/4 x 14 1/4. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Paper is brittle. Else, very good condition.
A precisely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. This map is up-to-date in showing the political and topographical situation with very good accuracy. Detail includes rivers, lakes, towns, and counties. Also shown are early canals and railroads. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring. A city map of Baltimore from Goodrich's General Atlas. $295
"A New Map of Maryland and Delaware." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1850. 11 1/4 x 14 1/2. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Typical overall time-toning to paper. Some spots. E;se, very good condition. With inset of Baltimore.
The Mitchell map of Maryland and Delaware is typical of his excellent output. Topographical information, including towns, rivers, roads canals and so on, is profuse and clearly shown, and the counties are shaded with contrasting pastel colors. Since steamboats were the most glamorous and comfortable way to travel, the map includes the distances from Baltimore to points between that major city and Norfolk, Philadelphia, and Washington. $175
"A New Map of Maryland and Delaware with their Canals, Roads & Distances." Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1851. 11 1/2 x 14 5/8. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original hand color. Paper toned and some spots, including one in population table. Otherwise, very good condition.
A strong, beautifully crafted map of Maryland and Delaware from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows Maryland and Delaware at an interesting period in its history. The map is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, mountains, and political borders. The Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased travel and goods shipping in the mid-Atlantic region. This information is clearly depicted, including rail lines, canals, and roads. A table at the top lists the steamboat routes from Baltimore to Norfolk, Philadelphia and Washington. $200
City maps by S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell, Jr. Lithographs. Full original hand coloring. Full margins. Very good to excellent condition.
Though sharing the position with New York, Philadelphia was still one of the leading American cartographic publishing centers of the latter part of the nineteenth century. The dominant Philadelphia firm during this period was that founded by Samuel Augustus Mitchell, and continued by his son. Their atlases are known for detailed maps and attractive decorative borders. These maps show the central parts of Baltimore and the City of Washington, as opposed to the ten miles square District of Columbia. The maps provide an excellent, detailed view of each city at this time. Fascinating and decorative maps from the time of the Civil War and just after.
A. J. Johnson. "Johnson's Delaware and Maryland." Inset: "District of Columbia." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1862. 12 3/4 x 16 1/2. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. A few light spots and two small holes near upper right. Good condition.
A detailed map of the states of Delaware and Maryland and with an inset of the District of Columbia as they appeared near the end of the Civil War, issued in Alvin Jewitt Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases and geographies having indirectly succeeded the J.H. Colton Co. This finely-detailed map, struck from a lithographic stone, includes three vignette views of famous buildings in the city of Washington. The counties are hand colored in contrasting pastel shades, lending the map an attractive appearance. It is an excellent example of Johnson's, and thus American cartography. $150
G.W. and C.B. Colton. "Colton's Delaware and Maryland." New York: J.H. Colton, 1866. 11 1/4 x 14 (neatlines) plus full margins and borders. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Good condition. With inset of "District of Columbia."
In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Maryland and Delaware, with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. The map presents the counties with contrasting pastel shades, and includes depictions of towns, roads, railroads, rivers, and some other topography. Each feature is labeled neatly, and the information given extends to just beyond the borders of the state. A inset plan of the District of Columbia in the lower left gives much information on the ten mile square area that includes Alexandria, planned railroads, and the C & O Canal. This is an attractive map as well as an interesting historical document. $165
S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. "County Map of Maryland and Delaware." [and] "County Map of New Jersey." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell Jr., 1867. Lithograph. Full original hand coloring. Full margins. Spots in decorative border near the mouth of Delaware Bay, Delaware. Else, very good condition.
A fine map by S.A. Mitchell Jr. of these three eastern states, from the period just after the Civil War. $50
W.H. Gamble. "Plan of the City of Washington. The Capitol [sic] of the United States of America." Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell Jr., 1873. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand coloring. Decorative border. Very good condition.
An attractive map of the Capital city by the Mitchell firm of Philadelphia. $225
"Washington." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1875. 11 3/4 x 14 3/4. Lithograph. Original color. Very good condition. Denver.
This map was issued by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray, which began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. It shows L'Enfant's grid plan for the city, transected diagonally by the avenues names for the states. Good detail is given of Georgetown, Potomac City, and the communities to the northwest. Major buildings and institutions are indicated, including the Capitol, Smithsonian, some of the government departments, and Howard University. $275
Frank A. Gray. "Maryland, Delaware and the District of Columbia." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1881. 15 1/2 x 25 1/2. Lithograph. Original color. Two small chips in margins. Else, very good condition.
A nicely detailed map of the state by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray and Son. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map was issued shortly after the American centennial and it is typical of their work. It contains excellent topographical information and good detail on the towns, counties, roads, and railroads in the state. A large inset map gives impressive detail of Washington DC, inlcuding the recently developed communites to the north, such as Mt. Pleasant, Pleasant Plains, and Meridian Hills. For small insets show Wilmington, Annapolis, Annapolis Harbor, and Dover. $185
Simon J. Martenet. "Martenet's Map of Maryland and District of Columbia, . . .." Click underlined term to see Western portion Eastern portion. Philadelphia: J.L. Smith, 1885. Copyright 1884 by S.J. Martenet. Lithograph (hand colored). 32 sections backed on linen; one original cloth cover remains. Overall dimensions 43 1/2 x 71 (neatlines) plus full margins. Reference: Phillips, Maps, p. 398. Linen backing is fragile, so there are some splits at folds. Slight staining through the back, especially in lower left quadrant. Normal age browning. Fine reading.
This huge, decorative, and detailed map shows great detail with 59 "signs and abbreviations" for roads, business complexes such as mills, factories, and shops, and organizations such as churches and schools. The map also features very detailed and fascinating insets of: Baltimore, Annapolis, Hagerstown, Cambridge, Cumberland, Easton, "Frederick City," Chestertown, "Washington and Georgetown," and Salisbury.
Simon Martenet (b. 1832) was apprenticed at age 13 to Thomas P. Chiffelle, city surveyor of Baltimore. He took over the latter's business in 1855 and soon began executing maps of various Maryland counties. This work was interrupted by the Civil War, but by 1865 he completed and published his large map as an atlas and as a wall map. The Maryland legislature required that it be used in all public schools. The map was updated, slightly according to Papenfuse and Coale, in 1885 and issued in this segmented form in 1886. Ref.: The Hammond-Harwood House Atlas of Historical Maps of Maryland, 1608-1908: 81. The size and detail are stunning. Case and map are as found. $800
W.H. Gamble. "Plan of the City of Washington. The Capitol [sic] of the United States of America." Philadelphia: 1890. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Full original hand coloring. Decorative border. Very good condition.
An attractive map of the Capital city by W.H. Gamble, published in Philadelphia. $150
"Washington, D.C." From Indexed Atlas Of The World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., -1899. 19 x 26. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the work from the firm, this map has very good detail, precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are illustrated. By the end of the nineteenth century, development in the state is shown extending up into the pan handle and to the west. Railroad information is also presented. Aesthetically and cartographically a foreshadow of the maps of the twentieth century. $175
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