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[ 19th century regional maps of the U.S. ]
This is one of the earliest American maps of Maine, from the first American gazetteer. Joseph T. Scott, a Philadelphia engraver and publisher, issued his gazetteer during the early days of American cartography, and the maps of the individual states and territories are very good. Scott included much detail of rivers, counties, roads, and towns. This map of Maine is very interesting, with the early river system well delineated and islands named along the coast. Only a few settlements are noted in the southern part. As an early example of American cartography and an fascinating document of Maine history, this is a gem. $375
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John Reid after Mathew Carey. "The Province of Maine from the best Authorities. 1795." From The American Atlas. New York: John Reid, 1796. 14 3/8 x 9 3/4. Engraving. Very good condition. Wheat & Brun: 176.
An important eighteenth-century, American made map of Maine. This map was issued in Reid's landmark American Atlas in 1796, which was published to accompany William Winterbotham's An historical, geographical, commercial, and philosophical view of the United States of America. This map is closely copied from Mathew Carey's map of 1794. Carey's map, and Reid's with it, are excellent depictions of the current knowledge of the territory in the late eighteenth century. This was typical of the maps from Reid's atlas, which was one of the very first American made atlases. Details of rivers, lakes, mountain ridges, and other features is very good, especially given the relative lack of settlement in the province. Towns are indicated, most in the south along the coast, and the road running from Portsmouth Harbor to "Pownalboro" is also shown. Another feature of interest is a 'carrying place,' that is portage, between two rivers in the middle section of the state. An excellent American made map of Maine before statehood. $1,600
"The District of Maine." Philadelphia: Mathew Carey, 1814. 15 1/2 x 11 1/4. Engraving by John G. Warnike. Original outline color. Very good condition.
An early map of the District of Maine by one of the most important figures in early American cartography, Mathew Carey. Published just after the War of 1812, this map is from Carey's Atlas which represented the best American cartographic work of the period. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, coloring and distributing his maps, and so was important not only for the excellent maps he produced, but also for his setting the pattern for early American map publishing. This map of Maine is a fine example of his work. The map shows the development of the District of Maine (then part of Massachusetts) at the time of the War of 1812. Interestingly, it was to a great extent the feeling of inadequate military protection during that war that caused the inhabitants of Maine to agitate for separation from Massachusetts, something that finally happened in 1820 as part of the Missouri Compromise. This map show towns and roads, but mostly limited to the southern part along the coast. The district is divided into six counties, most of which run in narrow strips from north to south. This fine example of early American cartography is also an excellent picture of Maine from almost two centuries ago. $1,400
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"Maine." Philadelphia: H.C. Carey & I. Lea, 1827. 11 7/8 x 9 5/8 (map); 16 3/4 x 20 3/4 (full sheet). Engraving by J. Yeager. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
In 1822, Henry Charles Carey and Isaac Lea published their A Complete Historical, Chronological, and Geographical American Atlas. This volume was based on Emmanuel Las Cases' Atlas Historique of 1803, with updated maps and text modified by Carey, a political economist. He considered himself an American foil to John Stuart Mill and the London economists who were proclaimers of "the gloomy science" influenced by Ricardo and Malthus. Instead of preaching overpopulation and degeneration of the human species, Carey illustrated the nations of the western hemisphere through maps that showed an expanding region with ample promise of developing into lands of great new opportunity and growth. The sheets from this atlas, which cover North America, Central America, South America and the West Indies, are comprised of an engraved map surrounded by text documenting the history, climate, population and so forth of the area depicted. The atlas is particularly known for its excellent early maps of the states and territories of the United States. This map of Maine is filled with information on roads, towns, lakes, and rivers, all very attractively presented. Development is in exclusively in the south, but the depiction of the river and lake systems further north is very good. This is a fine verbal and graphic picture of the state. $500
David H. Burr. "Maine." From A New Universal Atlas (1835). New York: Thomas Illman, 1835. 12 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. Light stain at right, but overall very good condition. Denver.
David H. Burr, who studied under Simeon DeWitt, first made his name as a cartographer when he issued the second American state atlas (of New York, 1829). During the 1830's Burr served as topographer of the United States Post Office, and late in the decade he was appointed as the Geographer for the House of Representatives. This map of Maine was issued in the 1835 edition of Burr's Universal Atlas. Maps from this atlas are scarce and they show both the care for which Burr is known and the excellent, up-to-date information that he had access to through his work connections in the Post Office. The topographical detail is fine, but of special interest is the careful depiction of counties, towns, and roads, all of which was necessary information for the Post Office. Also of note is the "Boundary Line as Claimed by Maine" shown extending above the map border at top. Burr's maps are scarce and desirable. $475
Thomas G. Bradford. "Maine." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Some minor spotting in margins. Very good condition.
A precisely engraved map by Thomas G. Bradford, a Boston map publisher. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. This map is up-to-date in showing the political and topographical situation with very good accuracy. Detail includes rivers, lakes, towns, and counties. Also shown is an early railroad running from Portsmouth to Portland. The whole is attractively presented with original hand coloring. A rare and early map of Maine. $375
Thomas G. Bradford. "Maine." From A Universal Illustrated Atlas. Boston: Chares D. Strong., -1842. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A slightly later edition of Bradford's excellent map of Maine. $375
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Maine." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, -1843. 14 1/4 x 11. Engraving. Full original hand color. Very good condition.
A strong and beautifully crafted map of Maine from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co.. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. In 1844, Carey & Hart issued an edition of the atlas, and the maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co.. Maps from the early Tanner/Carey & Hart edition are quite rare. This map of Maine is typical of the Tanner maps. It contains tables at the top giving the population of Maine over time and of the counties in 1840. A fine item of Maine history. $395
"A New Map of Maine." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1857. 15 x 12. Lithograph. Full, original hand color. Very good condition.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of canals, roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. It shows excellent information throughout the state, including rivers, lakes, mountains, islans, roads, and railroads. An attractive and fascinating pre-Civil War document. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
"Johnson's Maine." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. 15 1/2 x 12 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. A few light spots, mostly in margins. Else, very good condition.
In 1860, A.J. Johnson issued his first atlas. Calling himself the "successor to J.H. Colton & Co.," Johnson and his partners issued a series of fine atlases with highly detailed maps. In the early editions of his atlas, Johnson reused the stones from Colton's atlas, and this is an example of that, for this map is an updated version of the Colton map listed above. Johnson has added considerable new information and a decorative border and this is a nice example of his output. JT OUT ON APPROVAL
"Colton's Maine." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 x 13. Lithograph. Original hand color. A few spots and toning in margins, else very good condition.
The advent of the use of lithography for mapmaking led to development of a strong cartographic industry in New York City. One of the important firms responsible for this was the Colton firm, which issued this fine map in their atlas of 1866. The precise detail and soft hand color of this map are typical of lithographed state maps of the second half of the nineteenth century. This is as good a picture of the state at the time as was available. $175
"County Map of the State of Maine." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1867. 13 1/2 x 10 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
The most important Philadelphia cartographic firm of the later nineteenth century was founded by S. Augustus Mitchell, who was followed by his son, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. This map is typical of the output of the latter. It has Mitchell's famous grapevine border and dense but clear detail. Also included is an inset of Portland in the lower right corner. $150
"County Map of the State of Maine." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, Jr., 1880. 13 1/4 x 10 1/4. Lithograph. Full original hand color. Waterstain in left margin. Else, very good condition. Denver.
A later edition of Mitchell's attractive map of Maine, updated especially for the railroads in the state. $125
Plates from Colby's Atlas of Maine. Philadelphia: George N. Colby, 1884. Lithographs. Original hand color. Very good condition.
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