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Maps of Ireland

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Mercator: Ireland (southern)
Mercator-Hondius. "Hibernia v. Tabula." [Southern Ireland]. Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, 1608. 5 1/2 x 7 1/4 (platemarks) plus full margins. Engraving. Hand color. From Mercator's Atlas Minor. Koeman, Me 187. Fine condition and very attractive.

The map is attractively decorated with mannerist cartouches for the title and scale of miles. The seas are decorated with "shot silk" pattern. The numerous cities and towns identified and topographic information is surprising for a map of this small size. $475



Mercator Ireland
Gerard Mercator. "Irlandia regnum." From the Mercator-Hondius Atlas. Amsterdam: Jodocus Hondius, 1620. 13 x 16 3/8. Engraving. Full hand color. Full margins. Very good condition. French text on verso. Denver.

Gerard Mercator (1512-1594) ranks as one of the greatest cartographers in history, not only for the extremely fine maps he produced, but also for the innovations which he introduced into cartographic science. Until the end of the sixteenth century, Ptolemy's concept of depicting sections of the world in trapezoidal configurations, like gores from a globe, had predominated. Mercator, however, stated that small sections of the earth were not significantly distorted toward the poles if longitude lines were represented as parallel by squares or rectangles. The development of the "Mercator projection," which became the established convention, was particularly important for the improvements it allowed in navigational methods.

Through his constant accumulation of new geographic and cosmological data, Mercator was able to produce the most accurate and current maps of his day, which unlike most of his contemporary's maps were mostly original work. His maps not only are excellent cartographically, but they are aesthetically superb as well, with beautiful cartouches, silken seas and other exquisite ornamentation. Mercator intended to produce a complete description of creation, heaven, the earth and the seas, a project he was only beginning when he died. Such was his influence that the title he chose for this projected work, "Atlas," has now become the generic name for all collections of maps. This map of Ireland is a superior example of Mercator's geographical work. It is from a plate by Mercator himself and was one of the most advanced maps of the area produced through the early seventeenth century. It is oriented to the west, so that the island can be shown in larger size on the atlas page. Of particular note for this map is the lack of the bulge in Connacht, for the western coast is shown quite flat. It is said that this depiction led the survivors of the defeat of the Spanish Armanda--who were trying to sail north around Scotland then down past Ireland--to hug too closely the Irish coast, thus shipwrecking on the shore. Their descendants are said to be the Black Irish. $1,250



Morden: Ireland 1695
Robert Morden. "The Kingdom of Ireland." From William Camden's Britannia. London: Edmund Gibson, 1695. Perhaps as late as early 18th century. Double folio engraving on laid paper. Touches of color and on title cartouche. Full margins. Fine condition.

A handsome map of Ireland by Robert Morden from Camden's famous description of Great Britain issued in the late seventeenth century. These maps are noted for their excellent detail and attractive cartouches. Roads, towns, forests, lakes, and much other information are clearly presented with fine engraving. The information presented was the best available at the time, giving an accurate and fascinating glimpse of Ireland at the end of the seventeenth century. Of particular interest is Morden's measurement of longitude based on a prime meridian through St. Paul's Cathedral in London, shown in minutes at the top and degrees at the bottom. $750



Barnard Irland
Thomas Kitchin. "A New and Correct Map of Ireland, from the Latest Surveys of that Kingdom." From Barnard's New Complete and Authentic History of England. London: Edward Barnard, 1783. 11 1/8 x 7 5/8. Engraving. Very good condition. Denver.

A map of Ireland from Edward Barnard's History of England. This delightful history was described on one of the prints as "A Work Universally Acknowledged to be the Best Performance of the Kind,-on account of It's Impartiality, Accuracy, New Improvements, Superior Elegance, &c." It was issued at the end of the eighteenth century in response to the growing demand for works on all subjects by a newly educated reading public. This map is based on the work of Thomas Kitchin, one of the leading English cartographers of the period. $175



Rocque Ireland
Rocque Ireland
John Rocque. "A Map of the Kingdom of Ireland, Divided into Provinces Counties and Baronies, Shewing The Archbishopricks, Bishopricks, Cities, Boroughs, Market Towns, Villages, Barracks, Mountains, Lakes, Bogs, Rivers, Bridges, Ferries, Passes; Also the Great, the Branch, & the By Post Roads, together with the Inland Navigation &c. by J: Rocque. Chorographer to His Majesty." London: Laurie & Whittle, 12th May, 1794. 48 1/2 x 38. Four sheets joined as two top and bottom halves. Engraving. Original outline color. Good margins. Excellent condition.

One of the largest maps ever produced of Ireland, this stunning cartographic document provides an amazing amount of information on the Emerald Isle, an impressive listing of which is contained in the title. The map was drawn by John (or Jean) Rocque, a Huguenot surveyor and engraver who worked in London from 1734 to 1762. The large size and precise engraving make this map easy to read and a font of information. An elaborately etched title cartouche appears in the top left corner, showing a water nymph lying by a stream, in which a pair of cattle stand. A wonderful eighteenth century Irish artifact. $1,850



"Ireland." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1851. 12 x 9 1/2. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Full margins. Light spot at top margin, just into neat line. Otherwise, very good condition.

A strong map of Ireland from S. Augustus Mitchell. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This map of Ireland is a good example of this work. Topographical information is clearly presented and towns, lakes, roads, and other information is shown and named. Political divisions are indicated with contrasting pastel shades. $325



Ireland
"Ireland." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 12 1/4 x 9 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. A few light spots in margins. Overall, very good condition. With decorative border. Denver.

Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new roads, towns, and other information. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. An attractive and fascinating Ireland document. $225



John Bartholomew. Philips' Handy Atlas of the Counties of Ireland. Revised by P.W. Joyce. London: George Philip & Son, [1881]. 12mo. with 33 double page color maps showing Ireland and the baronies of each county, plus index, and advertisements. Gilt decorated green cloth, beveled boards.

The third generation of the Edinburgh based Bartholomew line of geographers, engravers and publishers, John Bartholomew Jr. (1831-1893) was the son of John Bartholomew Sr. (1805-1861) and grandson of George B. Bartholomew (1784-1871).

George Philip (1800–1882) was a cartographer and publisher who in 1834 started his own business in Liverpool producing maps and educational books. His son George (1823–1902) was admitted to the business in 1848, and the firm later opened in London. First producing hand-tinted copper plate maps by cartographers such as the elder John Bartholomew, August Petermann and William Hughes, by the time Philip produced his county maps beginning in 1862, he was using machine colored maps produced on power-driven lithographic presses. The firm also supplied atlases and textbooks overseas, starting with an atlas for Australian schools in 1865 and for New Zealand in 1869. The demand from boarding schools, established after 1870, enabled further expansion in the market for general textbooks, school stationery, atlases and wall maps. $275



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