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Antique Maps of Illinois

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Thomas G. Bradford. "Illinois & Missouri." From A Comprehensive Atlas. Geographical, Historical & Commercial. Boston: William D. Ticknor, 1835. Small folio. Engraving. Light, original outline color. Full margins. Some spotting, especially in margins. Else very good condition. First issue.

A small map published in Boston in 1835 showing Illinois and Missouri in the first half of the nineteenth century. Information shown includes rivers, towns, counties and roads, both existing and proposed. An attractive map of an interesting period in the history of the mid-west. $135



Mitchell Sr: Ohio, Indiana & Illinois
S.A. Mitchell. "Map of the States of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois with the settled parts of Michigan." Includes southern part of Wisconsin plus four added insets. Philadelphia, 1836. Copyright 1834. Engraving by J. H. Young (hand colored). Full decorated margins. 17 1/2 x 22 (sheet). Folding map on bank note paper. One expertly repaired hole at the intersection of two folds, near Peoria, IL.

A dramatic map illustrating the growth of the American Midwest as development was burgeoning. Detailed insets include vicinities of Detroit, Cincinnati, Louisville ["Falls of Ohio"], and "Lead Region East of the Mississippi River." The map accounts for roads, railroads and steamboat routes. Here is a product of the best mapmakers of their times in America. A very beautiful and important cartographic achievement as the United States developed in the 1830s at an astonishing rate. $850



Thomas G. Bradford. "Illinois." From Samuel G. Goodrich's A General Atlas of the World. Boston: C.D. Strong, 1841. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Engraving by G.W. Boynton. Original hand color. Some minor spots in margins. Very good condition.

An attractive and early map of Illinois by Thomas Bradford. This map was first issued in the 1838 edition of Bradford's atlas, but this example appeared in Samuel Goodrich's atlas from 1841. The map shows the social, political and transportation situation in the state at the time. This map was issued fairly soon after the end on the Black Hawk War, when the Native Americans were essentially driven across the Mississippi and Euro-Americans poured into the fertile lands of the state. This was a period of great growth, with the matching development of transportation throughout, nicely shown on this map. Roads are indicated as is a nascent, yet burgeoning railroad network. Counties are named and indicated in contrasting shades, and rivers, lakes, and towns are precisely depicted. A nice picture of Illinois near the middle of the nineteenth century. $325



Carey & Hart: Illinois
Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Illinois with its Proposed Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place along the Stage and Steam Boat Routes." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1843. 13 1/4 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A strong and beautifully crafted map of Illinois from the nineteenth century by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. This map is a fine example of that atlas. This map shows Illinois at an interesting period in its history, and is filled with myriad topographical details, including rivers, towns, and political borders. The Tanner maps are especially known for their depiction of the transportation routes of the states, and this map is no exception. The transportation infrastructure was extremely important at this period of increased immigration and travel in the United States. This information is clearly depicted, including roads and both existing and proposed rail lines and canals. Tables to the right and left list the steam boat routes and distances between stops. A very interesting inset shows the "Lead Region" of Wisconsin and northern Illinois, with an explanatory reference key. $300



Henry S. Tanner. "A New Map of Illinois with its Proposed Canals, Roads & Distances from place to place along the Stage & Steam Boat Routes." From Tanner's Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: H.S. Tanner, 1843. 13 1/4 x 10 1/2. Engraving. Full original hand coloring. Full margins. Time toned at margin edges. Else, very good condition.

A crisp, detailed map of Illinois by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, and this inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented, and these include towns, rivers, mountains, political boundaries and the transportation information. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. $275



S. Augustus Mitchell. "A New Map of Illinois with its Proposed Canals, Roads & Distances." From A New Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1848. 14 1/4 x 11 3/8. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

A fine map of Illinois by S. Augustus Mitchell Sr. For much of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the Mitchell firm dominated American cartography in output and influence. S. Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s maps of the 1860s are probably the best known issues of this firm, but his father's earlier efforts are excellent maps derived from H.S. Tanner's atlas of the 1830s. This early map of Indiana is a good example of this work and was one of the best maps of the state issued to that time. Of particular note on this map is the indication of the transportation network-roads, canals and railroads-throughout the state. In the lower left corner is an inset of the "Lead Region" on the border between Illinois and Wisconsin. A superior map of the state just prior to mid-century. $275



Cowperthwait: Illinois
"A New Map of the State of Illinois." From Universal Atlas. Philadelphia: Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., 1850. 15 3/4 x 13. Lithograph transfer from engraved plate. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition.

A strong, beautifully crafted map of Illinois from the mid-nineteenth century, published by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. This firm took over the publication of S. Augustus Mitchell's important Universal Atlas in 1850, and they continued to produce up-dated maps that were amongst the best issued in the period. This map shows a state beginning to come into its own, with development throughout the state. The maps issued by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. are known for their depiction of transportation systems and this map is no exception. The burgeoning network of roads, railroads, and canals is clearly depicted, connecting the many towns throughout this prosperous state. An excellent picture of Illinois at mid-century. $155



"Illinois." New York: J.H. Colton, 1856. 15 1/2 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very faint foxing in margins; else, very good condition. With inset: "Vicinity of Chicago."

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. This map of Connecticut with its fine detail, is a strong example of their successful work. Both New York City and Long Island are shown along with a portion of Rhode Island. Not only is it informative, with it's depictions of towns, roads and railroads but it is also decorative. The counties are depicted in subtle pastel shades and the entire map is surrounded by a decorative Victorian border. $165



Desilver: Illinois
"A New Map of the State of Illinois." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 15 3/4 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With decorative border.

Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, and especially the transportation network of canals, roads and railroads, always the focus of the maps from this series. This map is typical of the rather unusual and scarce Desilver atlas. The growth of roads and railroads in the southern part of the state is impressive and indicative of the huge growth in the region during the middle part of the century. An attractive and fascinating Illinois document. $165



Johnson: Illinois
"Johnson's Illinois." New York: Johnson and Ward, 1864. Double folio. 23 x 17. Lithograph. Full original hand-color. Very good condition.

An attractive map of Illinois from A.J. Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is a good example of Johnson's, and thus early American, cartography. Townships, towns, roads, rail lines, rivers and lakes are shown throughout. The clear presentation of cartographic information and the warm hand coloring make this an attractive as well as interesting historical document. $175



"Colton's Illinois." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 12 3/4 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With inset: "Vicinity of Chicago." $160



"County Map of the State of Illinois." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell Jr., ca. 1867. 13 1/2 x 10 3/4. Lthograph. Original hand-color. With inset plan of Chicago.

Taking over for his father, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. continued one of the leading map publishing firms of the nineteenth century. His maps were standards in the industry and continue to be valued today for their depth of information and their clarity of presentation. This is a fine map of Illinois, highlighting its major city, Chicago, about a decade before its most infamous fire. $150



Colton: Illinois
G.W. & C.B. Colton. "Illinois." Double folio. New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co., 1867. 23 1/2 x 16 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition. With inset of "Plan of Cook County & Vicinity of Chicago."

From the mid-nineteenth century on, the lead in American map publishing swung from Philadelphia to New York. The firm of J.H. Colton and its successors played a large role in this shift, producing accurate and up-to-date maps that had a wide distribution. This striking map of Illinois is an excellent example of the company's fine work. It shows the entire state broken into counties and townships. These political boundaries are nicely set off with contrasting pastel shades applied with hand watercolor. Detail includes cities, roads, railroads, rivers, and other features of interest. Included is a plan of Cook County on a larger scale, giving good information of roads and the many railroads emanating from Chicago. For its attractive presentation and detailed picture of the state in 1867, this is a most desirable item of Illinois interest. $175



Mitchell: Illinois
S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. "County Map of the State of Illinois." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1871. 13 3/4 x 10 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With inset, "Vicinity of Springfield."

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from his son's New General Atlas. Illinois is depicted with its counties brightly colored and topographical features detailed. Included are towns, rivers, roads and rail lines. In the lower left corner is a good plan of the state capital, Springfield. Besides its geographic interest, the map is very attractive, with its striking hand color and decorative border. $150



Mitchell: Illinois
S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr. "County Map of the State of Illinois." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1872. 13 3/4 x 10 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With inset, "Vicinity of Springfield."

For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from his son's New General Atlas. Illinois is depicted with its counties brightly colored and topographical features detailed. Included are towns, rivers, roads and rail lines. In the lower left corner is a good plan of the state capital, Springfield, with significantly more detail than the same inset in the 1871 version of this map. Besides its geographic interest, the map is very attractive, with its striking hand color and decorative border. $150



Gray: Illinois
"Gray's Atlas Map of Illinois." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 23 1/4 x 16 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. With inset map "Plan of Cook County & Vicinity of Chicago." Similar, but smaller, maps of Indiana and Missouri on reverse.

A map of Illinois issued in O.W. Gray's Atlas of the United States in 1873. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This large map is typical of their work. Detail is copious and precisely delineated. Counties are set off with contrasting colors, while edges of counties of adjoining states are shown uncolored. The uncolored inset is not shown in sufficient detail to make any indication of the great 1871 Chicago fire. JT OUT ON APPROVAL



Asher & Adams: Illinois
"Asher & Adams' Illinois." New York: Asher & Adams, 1875. 22 3/8 x 15 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A large, bright map of Illinois about a decade after the Civil War. Counties both within the state and in nearby sections of adjoining states (Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Iowa, Wisconsin) are shown in light pastels. Many cities and towns are shown, and there is the type of strong emphasis on rail lines to be expected at this time of the nation's development. Attractive and filled with detail, a nice map of the state from the period. $150



Mitchell Chicago
"Chicago." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1875. 13 1/2 x 11. Lithograph. Original hand color. Decorative border. Very good condition.

S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., of Philadelphia, was one of the largest map publishers of the middle of the nineteenth century. The firm was founded by his father, who from around the middle of the nineteenth century issued atlases and maps of all parts of the world in all formats. The Mitchell atlases contained up-to-date maps which were as attractive as they were accurate. In this map, Chicago is detailed between Fullerton Avenue at the north, Thirty-first Street at the South, and Western Avenue at the west. With its bold hand-color, decorative borders, and interesting information from this interesting period of American history, this is a fine example of the Mitchell firm's output. $250



 Gray map of Chicago
"Chicago." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1876. 14 7/8 x 12. Lithograph. Original color. Very good condition.

A nicely detailed map of Chicago just a few years after the great fire. The map was issued by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray, which began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s. This map shows streets, rivers, and canals in the city, each clearly labeled. Also of considerable interest are the indications of the several railroads coming into the city and providing Chicago with its life blood of commerce. $250



Bradley Illinois
"Illinois." From Bradley's Atlas of the World for Commercial and Library Reference. Philadelphia: Wm. M. Bradley & Bro., 1885. 22 1/2 x 17 1/2. Map extends past borders bottom and bottom left, plus an inset top left of the vicinity of Chicago. Lithograph. Original hand color.

A precisely detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bro. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. It shows the state with impressive detail, with emphasis on rivers, towns, and the myriad railroad lines criss-crossing the state. $125



Arbuckle Illinois
"Illinois." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.

From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60



"Rand McNally & Co.'s New Business Atlas of Illinois." From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1898. 26 x 17. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition.

A late nineteenth century map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Also of note, every major railroad line in the state is delineated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it epitomizes the Rand McNally maps of the period as the nineteenth century was turning toward the twentieth. $125



Rand McNally: Illinois
"Rand McNally & Co.'s New Business Atlas of Illinois." From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1909. 26 x 17. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition.

An early twentieth century map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Also of note, every major railroad line in the state is indicated in red along with a numbered index. Aesthetically and cartographically, it epitomizes the Rand McNally maps of the twentieth century. $125



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IMPORTANT DATES IN ILLINOIS HISTORY
1673. Marquette and Jolliet descend the Mississippi, return to Wisconsin via Illinois River and Lake Michigan.
1763. Illinois is in area ceded by French to British after French and Indian War.
1778. George Rogers Clark captures Kaskaskia and Cahokia from British. Virginia claims Illinois; cedes land to United States in 1784.
1800. Indiana Territory created; includes Illinois.
1809. Illinois Territory created; capital, Kaskaskia.
1818. Illinois becomes 21st state, December 3; capital, Kaskaskia; governor, Shadrach Bond. Illinois's northern border fixed at 42° 30' N latitude.
1820. State capital moved to Vandalia.
1833. Chicago incorporated; becomes a city in 1837.
1837. Springfield chosen state capital; legislature meets there in 1839. Abolitionist Elijah P. Lovejoy killed by proslavery mob.
1839. Mormons found Nauvoo; leaders, Joseph and Hyrum Smith, killed in 1844; Mormons leave for Utah in 1846.
1848. Illinois and Michigan Canal opened.
1851. Illinois Central Railroad chartered.
1871. Great Chicago Fire burns heart of city.
1893. World's Columbian Exposition held at Chicago.


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