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Another map by Carl Flemming showing the region to the west of the Rocky Mountains. The topography is graphic and begins to show an understanding of the complexity of the ridges, mountains, buttes, etc. between the Rockies and the Sierra Nevadas. The Great Salt Lake is shown, with "Saltlake City od New Jerusalem" indicated, and there is no evidence of the mythical "river of the west," reflecting that Flemming had access to the information brought back by the explorers and emigrants who crossed the Great Basin in the early 1850s. Indian tribes are indicated throughout, as are some of the early trails. The political situation is shown as it existed before the creation of the Washington Territory (1854), with the state of California and three territories--Oregon, Utah and New Mexico--indicated with outline color explained in a color key in the lower left. $475
"A New Map of the State of California, The Territories of Oregon, Washington, Utah & New Mexico." Philadelphia: Charles Desilver, 1856. 16 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
Charles Desilver, one of the many publishers working in Philadelphia during the mid-nineteenth century, issued an atlas of maps based on the famous Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait series. Desilver used much the same information as originally drawn in the 1840s, but updated the maps with new counties, roads, towns, etc. Here the country west of the Rockies is depicted with the state of California and the rest comprised of just four territories: Washington, Oregon, Utah and New Mexico. Settlement in those territories was quite sparse at the time, with some cities shown, and a number of counties developed in the western part of the northern most territories. The map was issued just after the Gadsden Treaty (1854) so the current southern border with Mexico is depicted. Of note are depictions of the southern route proposed for the Pacific Railroad, the Spanish trail from Santa Fe to Los Angeles, the routes of Lewis & Clark and Fremont, and the Oregon Trail. Forts are indicated, as are the territories of various Indian tribes. Of interest is the small section entitled "Middle Park," which is shown as part of Utah, but which is currently part of Colorado (the western part of which is shown as part of Kansas Territory. Overall, a terrific and up-to-date map of the western United States. $650
Johnson and Ward. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." 1864. 13 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An updated version of the above map by Johnson and Ward showing new political boundaries. Whereas the 1863 edition of Johnson's map showed the newly created Idaho Territory, which came on the heels of the newly formed Washington Territory, this map illustrates new divisions with the introduction of the Montana and Dakota Territories. The middle and northern sections of Idaho's present eastern boundary approximate what is shown on this map, but the south-eastern section extends to the 110th meridian, apparently until Wyoming came along. Interestingly, the eastern boundary lines to the north are credited to the influence of one man, Sidney Edgerton, an Ohio congressman, who relocated to the Idaho Territory for a judicial appointment. Originally, the Idaho legislature had proposed that the eastern border follow the Continental Divide. Feeling jilted with his placement in the north of the Territory east of the Rockies, Edgerton exercised his influence in Washington and allied with his neighbors in Montana to push the state line westward, from the Rocky Mountains to the ridgeline formed by the Coeur d'Alene and Bitterroot Mountains. $225
"Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Idaho and Montana." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1865-66. 17 x 23 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. A few scattered spots. Else, very good condition.
The discussion of creating a territory in the area that became Wyoming in 1868 had started earlier, and this map of 1865 shows Wyoming, even though it would not officially exist for another three years. This is the first depiction of the territory on a map and it shows some of the interesting features of the borders in this rugged part of the country. The southern part of Wyoming's western border is drawn at the 110° longitude line (this was moved west to the 111° line in 1868). The northern border was determined by the Montana border, which ran west along the 45th parallel until it reached 111° longitude, whence it dropped to 44°30', and then due west until it intersected the continental divide, which was Idaho's new eastern border. This left an odd, finger shaped area south of Montana and north of Idaho making up Wyoming's northwest corner, shown prominently here. Interestingly, when Wyoming was officially created as a territory, the western border went straight along the 111° line, and this 'gore' reverted back to being part of Dakota even though it was totally separated from the rest of the territory by Wyoming. It remained part of Dakota until 1873.
Another interesting thing is the mistaken depiction of two lakes, Jackson's Lake and Lake Riddle, which were actually the same lake. Explorers came upon Lake Riddle, which had already been named, and thought it was an undiscovered lake. They renamed it Jackson's Lake. Cartographers had to assume that there were two lakes, and thus the error on Johnson's map. Very early image of this area, with Dakota undivided into counties and Montana having only two counties. Mining sites are shown in both Idaho and Montana. $250
"Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Part of Montana." Philadelphia: S. A. Mitchell, Jr., 1870. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand-coloring. Very good condition.
For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases issued in 1870. Of interest are the indications of the gold mines in Idaho (the reason it was settled and made into a territory), the "emigrant route" leading to Oregon and Washington, and the proposed route of the Northern Pacific Railroad. $150
"Asher & Adams' Idaho." Washington: Asher & Adams,  - 1875. 22 1/2 x 16. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
It was only towards the latter part of the nineteenth century that today's western states took their status as independent territories and then states. Thus, it wasn't before then that there were individual maps of these states. Asher & Adams' atlas issued in 1875 contained quite a number such maps, and these are amongst the earliest available of the individual states. Each contains good detail of towns, roads, rivers, early survey-lines, political divisions, and the railroad lines establishing across the country. $150
Hermann Habenicht. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nord-Amerika in 6 Blättern, Bl. 1." From Stieler's Hand-Atlas. Gotha: Justus Perthes, various dates. Engraving by Metzeroth, Eberhardt, Kramer. Original outline color. Very good condition except as noted. Beginning with the Stieler Hand-Atlas of 1872, there was a large, six sheet map of the United States, showing the country with amazing detail. This is a series of editions of the first plate, the sheet showing the northwest part of the country, extending south to about the latitude of San Francisco and east to continental divide in Colorado. Stieler's Hand-Atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the latter 19th century. Known for its maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to include engraved maps to the end of the century. The maps were regularly updated, as shown by the inclusion of Yellowstone Park, just created the year this map was produced. Lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, roads and railroads are all clearly presented, making this is as fine a map of the region as any during the period it was issued.
"Idaho." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60
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