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For most of the middle part of the nineteenth century, the firm founded by S. Augustus Mitchell dominated American cartography in output and influence. This fine map is from one of his son's atlases issued in 1863. That year the territory of Idaho was established out of parts of the Oregon, Washington and Dakota Territories. It included most of what is today is Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. Just a year later, the eastern part of the territory was divided between the new territory of Montana and the remainder back to Dakota. This is the only version of Mitchell's map to show the very large Idaho, though it does not show the entire territory, the eastern parts being beyond the scope of the map. Also of interest are the indications of the gold mines in Idaho (the reason it was settled and made into a territory), the "emigrant route" leading to Oregon and Washington, and the proposed route of the Northern Pacific Railroad. $175
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. Unrecorded variant. 12 5/8 x 15 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. A couple small spots; otherwise very good condition.
A previously unrecorded version of Johnson's map of the northwest corner of the United States. This map shows a very early configuration of this region, which was originally all the Oregon Territory. In 1853, the northern part was created as the Washington Territory, and this configuration stayed until 1863 when the eastern part was broken off to form the Idaho Territory, when Congress passed the Organic Act. Just a year later this territory was again broken up, so the part east of the Rocky Mountain ridge became the Montana Territory. This map was issued during the short period when the Idaho Territory was at its largest extent, a configuration depicted on the map. According to Ira Lourie, of the US Johnson Map Project, this is a previously unrecorded version of this map, which he numbers 7.5. The previous version, 7.0, has "British Possessions" in the upper left corner. The next version, 8.0 (cf. below), has "British Columbia" instead. In this version, possibly unique, "Columbia" was added, but "Possessions" was not erased. $300
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. 12 5/8 x 15 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
The version after the map above, with "Possessions" erased. The detail in this map is most impressive, showing rivers, towns, forts, Indian tribes, and the early trails which criss-crossed this region. This map, issued during the Civil War, shows the territories just before they were filled with new settlers, miners and other speculators. This is a wonderful map of an important period in the history of the American northwest. $225
"Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, Idaho & Kansas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. 12 3/4 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
A detailed map of northern plain states (present-day Kansas, Nebraska,Colorado, the Dakotas, Wyoming and Montana). This map shows a configuration of this region which lasted only for one year. In 1863,the eastern part of Washington Territory and the western part of Dakota Territory were broken off to form the Idaho Territory, encompassing what today is Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. The next year the eastern part of this huge Idaho Territory, that shown here, was broken off to create the Montana Territory, with the southeastern part temporarily going back into the Dakota Territory. The detail in this map is most impressive, showing rivers, towns, forts, Indian tribes, and the early trails which criss-crossed this region. This map was issued during the Pike's Peak gold rush, so the four main routes to "Auroria" are shown, the distances of the northern and southern-most routes noted on the map. The gold rush towns of Auraria, Denver, and Montana are all shown, though the first two had by then merged into Denver. $250
"Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and part of Montana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., ca. 1864. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
In 1863, Idaho was created as a huge territory from the eastern parts of Washington Territory and the western part of Dakota Territory. A year later, Idaho was shrunk down to essentially the lands west of the Continental Divide, with Montana created out of the northeastern parts. This map shows that configuration. Montana's first capital was Bannack City, the site of the gold rush which began a couple years before. The next year the capital was moved to Virginia City, but this map shows Bannack City as the capital. Also of interest are the indications of the gold mines in Idaho (the reason it was settled and made into a territory), the "emigrant route" leading to Oregon and Washington, and the proposed route of the Northern Pacific Railroad. $175
M.M. Drioux & Charles Leroy. "Carte Physique et Politique des États-Unis Canada et Partie du Mexique." Paris: Eugene Belin, ca. 1861-64. From Atlas Universel et Classique. 11 1/2 x 16 1/2. Engraving by Charpentier. Full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
A fascinating map of the United States the presents a distorted attempt by French mapmakers Drioux and Leroy to keep up with the changes to the political landscape of the county between 1861 and 1864. This was a period in which new territories and states were proposed and created in a manner hard enough for an American cartographer to keep up with, but impossible for those across the Atlantic, though Drioux & Leroy did try.
In 1861, three new territories were created, Colorado, Nevada and Dakota, and each is here depicted. Interestingly, the only settlements shown in Colorado are St. Vrain's trading post, Forts Pike, Massachusetts, and Bents, Auraria and Fontaine City. Also that year, the settlers in the southern part of New Mexico tried to form a new territory, Arizona, lying south of the 34th parallel. When Arizona did come in as a territory in 1863, it came in out of the western part of New Mexico, but it is shown here in the incorrect form. In 1863, Idaho was created out of the western part of Dakota, and then a year later the northeastern part of Idaho became Montana. Both of these new territories are depicted, and labeled "Etat projetè), but here Montana is made out of the southern part of Idaho. A final political oddity is the appearance of West Virginia, created in 1862, labeled "Virginie Oc. ou Kanawaha," the latter being a name proposed at one time for the state.
Besides these interesting political divisions, the map is a lovely cartographic statement. The pastel shades highlight the states and territories and topographical information is somewhat sparse, but nicely drawn. Rivers are shown and towns and forts indicated throughout. Locations of Indian tribes are also given. $250
Johnson and Ward. "Johnson's Washington, Oregon, and Idaho." 1864. 13 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An updated version of the above map by Johnson and Ward showing new political boundaries. Whereas the 1863 edition of Johnson's map showed the newly created Idaho Territory, which came on the heels of the newly formed Washington Territory, this map illustrates new divisions with the introduction of the Montana and Dakota Territories. The middle and northern sections of Idaho's present eastern boundary approximate what is shown on this map, but the south-eastern section extends to the 110th meridian, apparently until Wyoming came along. Interestingly, the eastern boundary lines to the north are credited to the influence of one man, Sidney Edgerton, an Ohio congressman, who relocated to the Idaho Territory for a judicial appointment. Originally, the Idaho legislature had proposed that the eastern border follow the Continental Divide. Feeling jilted with his placement in the north of the Territory east of the Rockies, Edgerton exercised his influence in Washington and allied with his neighbors in Montana to push the state line westward, from the Rocky Mountains to the ridgeline formed by the Coeur d'Alene and Bitterroot Mountains. $225
"Colton's Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, British Columbia & Montana." New York: J.H. Colton, 1864. 16 3/4 x 26 3/4. Lithograph. Full original hand-coloring. Very good condition. Denver.
An excellent map of the northwestern part of the United States, along with southern British Columbia. This area was going through many changes in the early 1860s because of the increase settlement in the northwest, but also because of the Idaho Gold Rush (1860-63). From 1846, all of the United States west of the Rockies and north of California had consisted of the Oregon Territory and then, in 1854, of Oregon and Washington Territories. In 1863, Idaho Territory was created in the eastern part, but also including what had been the western part of the Dakota Territory to the east of the Continental Divide. This territory was too large for administrative purposes, so a year later, in 1864, the northeastern part of this large Idaho Territory was broken off as the Montana Territory. This map was issued in that year, showing the new territory. What had been the southeastern part of Idaho (essentially present-day Wyoming) was attached back to Dakota Territory, as it is shown here.
This region was a "happening" place in the 1860s and this map includes an impressive amount of information. The settlement and development of Oregon and Washington east of the Cascades is nicely illustrated, while in the eastern parts mostly Indian tribes are shown. The gold rush settlements and development in Idaho and Montana are clearly depicted, as are forts and Indian tribes. With the movement of prospectors and settlers throughout the region shown, it is particularly interesting that the map includes many of the early trails, including "Emigrant Road," "Pony Express Route," the "Overland Mail Route," and "Cherokee Trail," as well as routes of early explorers such as Fremont, Stansbury, and Mullen. $325
"Map of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and part of Montana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1872. 10 3/4 x 13 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
Another version of Mitchell's map of the American northwest, dated on the map as 1872. Of note in this version is a bold dashed line crossing Montana, Idaho and Oregon, in which it branches with one route going to Wallula and one to Puget City. Though not identified, this is likely a proposed route for the Northern Pacific Railroad. $150
"Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming." Ca. 1872. 11 3/4 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Denver.
An early map showing Idaho, Montana, and Wyoming shortly after the creation of the last of these territories. Shows topographical information as known then, but it is the social and political development of the region at this early date which is of particular interest. Trails and railroads are shown, along with track of some early explorers and trails across the region. Forts and settlements are noted throughout and the site of Indians is also indicated. $200
"Asher & Adams' Idaho." Washington: Asher & Adams,  - 1875. 22 1/2 x 16. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
It was only towards the latter part of the nineteenth century that today's western states took their status as independent territories and then states. Thus, it wasn't before then that there were individual maps of these states. Asher & Adams' atlas issued in 1875 contained quite a number such maps, and these are amongst the earliest available of the individual states. Each contains good detail of towns, roads, rivers, early survey-lines, political divisions, and the railroad lines establishing across the country. $150
"County Map of Oregon, Washington Idaho and Montana." New York: H.H. Lloyd & Co., 1875. 13 5/8 x 22 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Some light smudges in margins and repaired separation at bottom centerfold. Very good condition. Denver.
A terrific map of the American northwest from just before the nation's Centennial. Washington and Oregon had developed with settlers looking for new, fertile land beginning in the 1830s and 40s. When gold and silver were later discovered in Idaho and Washington, the entire northwest began to develop, with miners, farmers and just those looking for a new life. With the completion of the first transcontinental railroad in 1869, there was a demand also for a national line further north. The Northern Pacific Railroad, to run from Wisconsin and Minnesota to Tacoma, Washington, was begun the next year. Though it had ups and downs, it was completed in 1883, providing access to the entire northwest. This excellent map shows the projected route of that railroad, along with other projected and existing rail lines. Also indicated are the various "roads" running throughout, including the "New Worked Emigrant Road," following the line of the original Oregon Trail. Other information is copious and fascinating, including myriad small towns (some now ghost towns), rivers, lakes, all set into a background of topography and political borders of the current counties. Indian information and notes on mining sites and mineral deposits completes this excellent map. $265
"Colton's Oregon, Washington and Idaho." New York: G.W. & C.B. Colton, 1876. 17 1/4 x 25 1/4. Lithograph. Full original coloring. Chip in top margin and short margins tears, all repaired. Else, very good condition. Denver.
An excellent map of the northwestern part of the United States. This area was going through many changes in the 1870s because of the increase settlement in the northwest, but also because of the lingering effects of the Idaho Gold Rush. From 1846, all of the United States west of the Rockies and north of California had consisted of the Oregon Territory and then, in 1854, of Oregon and Washington Territories. In 1863, Idaho Territory was created in the eastern part, but also including what had been the western part of the Dakota Territory to the east of the Continental Divide. This territory was too large for administrative purposes, so a year later, in 1864, the northeastern part of this large Idaho Territory was broken off as the Montana Territory, and Idaho took on its modern borders.
This region was a "happening" place in the 1870s and this map includes an impressive amount of information. The settlement and development of Oregon and Washington east of the Cascades is nicely illustrated, while in the eastern parts mostly Indian tribes are shown. The gold rush settlements and development in Idaho and western Montana are clearly depicted, as are forts and Indian tribes. Also of note is the depiction of Yellowstone National Park, which had only been declared the world's first National Park in 1872 by President Ulysses S. Grant. A wonderful map of the Northwest from an important time in its history. $150
Frank A. Gray. "Gray's Idaho, Montana and Wyoming." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray & Son, 1879. 12 x 14 3/4. Lithograph. Original color. Very good condition.
A nicely detailed and early map of the northwestern part of the United States by the Philadelphia firm of O.W. Gray. The firm began its publishing around mid-century and published regional and U.S. atlases up to the 1880s, first as O.W. Gray and then O.W. Gray & Son. This map is typical of their work, presenting the latest information available with clear and precise detail. The three territories are shown as they were originally set up in 1868; they would not be admitted as states for another decade. Detail includes topography, rivers, settlements, Indian tribes and even the early railroads both in Montana and Wyoming. Of particular interest is the depiction of Yellowstone Park, established just seven years earlier. For its attractive presentation and interesting detail make it a nice example of late nineteenth century American cartography. $225
"Territory of Idaho." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1880. 14 1/4 x 10 5/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
One of the earliest maps of Idaho by itself. Created in 1863 and taking on its current shape in 1868, the territory was mostly shown in maps of groups of states and territories until Mitchell added this individual sheet to the 1880 edition of his New General Atlas. The territory is shown a decade before statehood and just after the Nez Pierce War of 1877-79. The latest counties shown are Cassia and Washington which were established in 1879. The map does not designate Custer County which was created in 1881. The plat system of surveying was just beginning in this new territory, so relatively little of the area is shown to be surveyed. Topographical information is evident in the vicinity of the major rivers and creeks and along the major state borders. An excellent map of the territory. $250
"[Idaho]". From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1882. 12 3/4 x 19 1/2. Cerograph. Good condition. Denver.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Topographic and social information, counties, roads, and many more details are neatly illustrated. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $45
"Idaho." From Cram's Unrivaled Family Atlas. Chicago: Geo F. Cram, 1883. 12 x 9 5/8. Cerograph. Original color. Right border covered at edge by atlas guard. Else, very good condition. Denver.
A detailed map of Idaho issued by the George Cram Company, an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. This map is typical of the Cram output and it shows railroads, forts, springs, and much else precisely and clearly. $135
"County & Township Map Montana, Idaho and Wyoming." Philadelphia: W.M. Bradley & Bro., 1883. 14 1/2 x 21 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Otherwise, very good condition. Denver.
A neatly detailed map from the Philadelphia publishing firm of William M. Bradley & Bros. While Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there, as is evidenced by this map. Topography, political information, towns, and physical features are all presented precisely and clearly. The burgeoning states are shown with settlement creeping west, trails, roads and railroads providing the transportation nexus by which this development progressed. $165
Tunison. "Tunison's Idaho and Western Montana." Jacksonville, Illinois: H.C. Tunison, 1885. 12 1/2 x 9 7/8. Lithograph. Original hand outline color. Very good condition.
A handsome map of Idaho from Tunison's Peerless Universal Atlas. With the development of wax engraving (cerography), more maps and atlases were able to be produced in cities beyond the major centers of New York, Philadelphia and Chicago. Henry C. Tunison issued a series of fine atlases beginning in 1885 and lasting into the beginning of the twentieth century. This is a nice example of his output, showing the Idaho territory just five years before statehood. This up to date map is an excellent snap-shot of the territory at this time. $50
"Lubrecht's Idaho." From Pictorial and Comprehensive Atlas of the World. New York: Charles Lubrecht, 1885. 12 x 10. Cerograph, printed in color. Very good condition. Denver.
A bright and clear map of Idaho from a rare atlas by Charles Lubrecht. Towards the end of the nineteenth century, mapmaking switched from lithography to cerography (wax-engraving). The center of mapmaking moved to Chicago, but Lubrecht did issue his atlas in 1885. The map does not overload the information, but does present rivers, towns and cities, roads, railroads and major mountain chains. $95
"Idaho." New York: Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company, 1889. Ca. 3 x 5. Chromolithograph by Donaldson Brothers. Very good condition.
From a delightful series of maps issued by the Arbuckle Bros. Coffee Company. This firm was founded by John and Charles Arbuckle of Pittsburgh, PA. They developed a machine to weigh, fill, seal and label coffee in paper packages, which allowed them to become the largest importer and seller of coffee in the world. Their most famous promotional program involved the issuing of several series of small, colorful trading cards, one of which was included in every package of Arbuckle's Coffee. These series included cards with sports, food, historic scenes, and--one of the most popular--maps. The latter cards included not only a map, but also small illustrations "which portrays the peculiarities of the industry, scenery, etc." of the region depicted. These cards are a delight, containing informative maps as well as wonderful scenes of the area mapped. $60
"Map of Idaho." Chicago: George F. Cram, 1902. 19 3/4 x 13 1/8 Cerograph. Printed color. Very good condition. Denver.
A large and very clear map of Idaho by George Cram. The focus of this map is state in the title. The political divisions of the state are shown with each county given its own color, though the map also shows the township surveys which had been completed by that time. Railroad lines are also indicated, with the Oregon Short Line running through the southern part of the state, spurs branching off to the north, and the Northern Pacific crossing in the north. Towns, rivers, and the Bitter Root Mountains are also depicted. Information is given of the eastern part of Montana. $75
"Idaho." From Rand-McNally Indexed Atlas. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1909. 19 x 12 1/2. Cereograph. Printed with color. Very good condition. Denver.
This map is filled with detail, including counties, towns, railroads, roads, and much else. The map focuses on the railroads which by 1909 criss-crossed the state, the different lines indicated with red numbers referenced in a key at the lower left. $75
Lloyd Edwin Smith. "Idaho." From the Commercial Atlas of the World. Ed. By Frederick J. Branom. Chicago: Geographical Publishing Company, 1931. 21 x 14 1/2. Folio. Chromolithograph.
Large colored map of Idaho showing railroad lines, with index to counties and towns, and census data on reverse. Views on reverse showing farming scenes in Idaho. $60
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