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Antique Maps of Spain and Portugal

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Munster Spain
Sebastian Munster. "Hispaniae Regionis Nova Descriptio." From Cosmographia. Basle [1540]-1548. 10 x 13 1/2. Woodcut. Chip in bottom left corner and scattered worm holes. Otherwise, very good condition.

A sixteenth-century woodcut map of Spain by Sebastian Munster (1489-1552). Munster was one of the greatest cartographers in the era before the Dutch "modern" cartographers such as Mercator and Ortelius, and he issued many influential maps in his editions of Ptolemy's Geographia and his own Cosmographia. This map of Spain is typical of his excellent work. Topographical detail is surprisingly copious, with data on cities, regions, mountains and rivers abundant and of considerable historic interest. The Cosmographia was a compendium of knowledge at the time and it is through maps such as this that many in Europe had their only access to what the nations of the world were like. $525

Georg Hoefnagel. "Alhama." Volume II; 1574. Original hand color. 13 3/8 x 18. Some waviness to paper from color. Latin text on verso.

A lovely view of Alhama, Spain from Braun and Hogenberg's Civitates Orbis Terrarum, one of the most important works from the early days of modern cartography and topographical illustration. Braun, the editor, and Hogenberg, the engraver, worked for over twenty years to produce their "towns of the world," the first systematic depiction of views of cities throughout the world. This work, issued in six volumes from 1572 to 1617, was a monumental piece of Renaissance learning and was designed to complement Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, the first modern atlas. These two atlases, both firsts of their type, were in response to a new interest in the nature of the world by the Western European population. This nascent interest was spurred both by the existence of a growing middle class and the relatively new general availability of printed books.

This fine view is an excellent example of the content of one of the greatest of these volumes. It shows the small town of Alhama, southwest of Granada, and it was drawn by Georg Hoefnagel in 1563. The town is shown across a valley in a mountainous countryside. Typically, local inhabitants are shown in the foreground, lending cultural interest to this interesting topographical image. $750

Abraham Ortelius. "Hispalensis conventus delineatio, Auctore Hieronymo Chiaves." Within map is location named "ANDALVZIAE PARS" First appeared in Additamentum Theatri Orbis Terrarum of 1580. 13 1/2 x 17 3/4 (plus full margins). Engraving. Hand color. Small contiguous worm holes at center of bottom margin. Very good condition. Latin text. Koeman, Ort 14B.

A fascinating map of Andalusia showing the two principal cities of Cadiz and Seville. The mountains surrounding the river valleys are beautifully drawn as hills, and the Atlantic Ocean is shown with a variety of ships at that time as well as mythical sea monsters. There is a naval battle depicted off Cadiz.

For his unprecedented achievement in issuing his atlas, and also for his thoughtful and rigorous methodology, Ortelius belongs amongst the first rank of cartographers. He is very aptly called 'the father of modern cartography.' Ortelius based this map on his own work assembled from previous maps but also from mariners who landed in Antwerp and Amsterdam. $600

Girolamo Porro after Giovanni Magini. "Portugalliae Regnum." From Giovanni Magini's Geographiae Universaetum Tum Veteris Tum Novae. Cologne: Peter Keschedt, 1597. 5 x 6 3/4. Engraving. Full margins. Strong impression. Excellent condition.

Girolamo Porro's modern rendition of Portugal, issued in Giovanni Magini's translation of Ptolemy's Geography. A delightful early map. $150

Blaeu: Castile
Willem Blaeu. "Castiliae nova Descriptio." Amsterdam: W. Blaeu, ca. 1640.16 x 19 1/2 (neatlines). Full margins. Engraving. Original hand coloring. Dutch text on verso. Excellent condition except one very small hole southwest of Alcantara Norba Cæsarea.

An elegant map of this Spanish region by Dutch cartographer Willem Blaeu. Blaeu (1571-1638) was the progenitor of the famous Blaeu cartographic firm of Amsterdam. He studied astronomy and sciences with Tycho Brahe, and in 1599 established a globe and instrument making business which soon expanded to include cartographic and geographic publishing. This firm was to go on to become the largest and most important cartographic publishing firms in the world, later run by his sons Cornelis (until his death in 1642) and Joan. The maps issued by the Blaeu firm are known for their fine engraving and design, and have been called "the highest expression of Dutch cartographical art." This is a good example of the quality of the firm's work, with topographical information carefully engraved and named according to the most up-to-date information. The six decorative ornaments are beautiful additions to this fine seventeenth-century document. $500

Blaeu Spain
Willem Blaeu. "Regnorum Hispanae nova descriptio." From Nouvel Atlas. Amsterdam: Willem & Joan Blaeu, 1643-50. 14 3/4 x 19 1/4. Engraving. Excellent original hand color. Soft crease by centerfold. Very good condition. French text on verso.

A striking map of Spain from a series of wonderfully decorative maps by Willem (Guilielmus) Janszoon Blaeu (1571-1638), the progenitor of the famous Blaeu cartographic firm of Amsterdam. Blaeu studied astronomy and sciences with Tycho Brahe, and in 1599 established a globe and instrument making business which soon expanded to include cartographic and geographic publishing. This firm was to go on to become the largest and most important cartographic publishing firms in the world, run by his sons Cornelis (until his death in 1642) and Joan. The maps issued by the Blaeu firm are known for their fine craftsmanship and design, and have been called "the highest expression of Dutch cartographical art." This map, with its excellent original color and clear and precise detail is a premier example of the Blaeu output. Each region of Spain is outlined with a contrasting pastel shade and the major cities are illustrated with city vignettes colored red. Two decorative cartouches and the Spanish royal crest, a sea monster, and two sailing ships add to the wonderful decorative appeal of this excellent map. $850

Other maps of Spain & Portugal by Blaeu. Amsterdam , 1643-50. Ca. 15 x 20. Engravings. Excellent original hand color. Very good condition, except as noted:

Speed Spain
"Spaine." From A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World. London: Bassett & Chiswell, [1627]-1676. 16 3/4 x 21. Engraving. Full hand color. Remargined on left side, else very good condition. English text on verso.

John Speed (1552-1629) was one of the most famous British mapmakers of the seventeenth century. He is noted for placing England into the mainstream of map publishing that was currently dominated by the Dutch. He began by issuing maps of Great Britain in his atlas, Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, in 1611, issued by John Sudbury and George Humble. Speed spent over 15 years assembling the information for this atlas, and it is one of the most influential atlases of the British Isles ever published. Besides his county maps, he also issued maps of the different countries of the world, like this image of Spain. It has the features that make Speed's maps so popular, viz. the decorative borders containing lovely vignettes. On each side is a row of costumed Spanish natives, while the top border is adorned with views of major Spanish cities. Informative as well as attractive, this is one of the most desirable seventeenth century maps of the country. $1,800

De Wit
Frederick De Wit. "Novissima et Accuratissima Regnorum Hispaniae et Portugalliae." Amsterdam: F. De Wit, ca. 1680. 19 1/2 x 23. Engraving. Original hand color. Some minor wear along centerfold and a few repaired tears. Overall, very good condition.

A lovely seventeenth century map of the entire Iberian peninsula by Frederick de Wit. De Wit followed in the footsteps of the earlier Dutch cartographic publishers Jansson and Blaeu, and like them, he issued maps known for their beautiful engraving and hand coloring. Detail is dense and accurate, but it is for the aesthetic features that this map most shines. The original hand color is carefully applied and enhances the elaborate title cartouche in the lower left corner. A most decorative and informative map. $775

John Senex. "A Map of Old & New Castile From the Observations of Rodrigo Mendes Silva and others." London: J. Senex, ca. 1720. 17 1/2 x 21 1/2. Engraving. Full original hand color. Very good condition.

A handsome map of Castile by John Senex from the early 18th century. $250

Seutter: Spain and Portugal
Maps by Georg Matthäus and Albrecht Carl Seutter. From Atlas Minor. Augsburg: G.M. Seutter, 1744. Quarto. Engraving by T.C. Lotter. Full original color, with uncolored cartouche as issued. Very good condition. With vibrant color, good impressions, and very attractive.

A beautiful map of Spain and Portugal from Georg Matthäus Seutter's Atlas Minor. Seutter entered the cartographic world in 1697 as an apprentice to Johann Baptist Homann, but he soon set up his own flourishing map business in Augsburg. He was so successful that he was appointed as the Geographer to the Imperial Court. His son, Albrecht Carl, joined his father and eventually inherited the business. The maps from this atlas were drawn by the two Seutters and were engraving by Tobias C. Lotter, who later took over the business from Albrecht. These maps, typically of German output, are highly detailed and engraved with a bold hand. Equally strong is the original hand color in the body of the map. The cartouches were left uncolored in order to emphasize the elaborately detailed illustrations for which German maps are especially prized. These are some of the most decorative and interesting maps of the mid-eighteenth century.

Giovanni Antonio Rizzi-Zannoni. "Mapa dos Reynos de Portugal E Algarve." (two sheets) From Atlas Moderne. Paris: Jean Lattré & J. Thomas, 1762. Each ca. 12 x 16 5/8. Engraving. Original hand color. A few small spots in margins. Overall, excellent condition.

A handsome map of Portugal by Venetian cartographer Rizzi-Zannoni, one of the leading scientific cartographers of the second half of the eighteenth century. He was the first to carry out a triangulation of Poland, he assisted in the French-English border survey in America in 1757, and became the Hydrographer of the Dépot de Marine in 1772. This map shows his careful work, detailing the coastline with depths noted. An elaborate baroque title cartouche graces the lower left corner. $450

Guillaume Delisle after Sylva. "Carte de l'Espagne Dressée par Guillaume Delisle sur la Description de Rodrigo Mendez Sylva . . ." From Recueil des cartes sur la geographie ancienne. Paris: Lattré, 1765. 18 3/4 x 23 3/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Some separation along lower center fold, expertly repaired. Very good condition.

A dramatic, hand colored map of the Iberian peninsula by one of the great names in the history of cartography, Guillaume Delisle. Delisle is known as the "father of scientific cartography," an honorary title earned through his production of maps based upon the scientific principals of using only first-hand information, survey reports and accurate readings of longitude and latitude. Delisle's maps had an immense impact on the history of cartography, for they were the genesis of the eventual establishing of these principals as the standard for all cartographers. This map is a fine example of his work. Detail is very good, including rivers, some orography, and towns. The engraving is strong and clear. Typical of the French school of cartography, the decorative elements of the map are kept to the cartouches. $375

Blair: Iberia
Rev. John Blair. "Iberia sive Hispania Vetus." London: J. Blair, 1768. From Chronology & History of the World. 16 3/4 x 22 3/4. Engraving. Very good condition.

A lovely map depicting the ancient Iberian Peninsula. This map was drawn by Rev. John Blair for his history of the world. It is based on the latest information available in the eighteenth century of the ancient world. $275

Jean Janvier. "Les Royaumes D'Espagne et de Portugal, divisés par Grandes Provinces Dressées sur les Observations Astron. par le Sr. Janvier Géographe." From Atlas Moderne. Paris: Jean Lattré & Delalain, ca. 1775. 12 x 17 1/4. Engraving. Original hand color. Creasing at center fold. Else, very good condition.

Jean Janvier was a French cartographer who worked in Paris in the latter part of the eighteenth century. Among his output were some fine maps which appeared in Jean Lattré's Atlas Moderne. This atlas contained maps of all parts of the world engraved by Lattré, the "Graveur Ordinaire du Roi." Janvier's maps contained the best information available at the time. This map contains information on regions, towns,cities, lakes, and rivers. This information is neatly engraved and highlighted with lovely hand color. A nicely etched title cartouche in the baroque style graces the map in the top right corner. $275

John Cowley. "A Map of Spain and Portugal. By I. Cowley. Geor. Royal." From A New and Easy Introduction to the Study of Geography. London: J. Buckland et al., 1777. Seventh edition. Engraving. 4 1/4 x 5 1/8. Very good condition.

A nice engraved map of Italy from a late eighteenth century geography by John Cowley, "Geographer to his Majesty." Maps for geographies proliferated in eighteenth century Europe, and the British maintained their production along with the French, Dutch, Italians and Germans. This exquisite little map was engraved and published at the time of the American Revolution. Its detail is quite good and the engraving is precise. $65

Homann Heirs. "Regnorum Hispaniae et Portugalliae . . ." Nuremburg: Homann Heirs, ca. 1782. 18 1/8 x 23. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

Johann Baptist Homann (1663-1724) was one of the most important German cartographers of eighteenth century, and his firm was carried on by his son Johann Christoph (1701-1730), and then the 'Homann Heirs' from 1730 until 1813. The maps issued by all the firms had the same style, with strong engraving, bold hand coloring, and elaborate uncolored cartouches, and many of the maps were from Johann Baptist's original plates. This lovely map includes a decorative cartouche in which symbols of the Catholic Church, the arts, and riches of the Spanish Kingdom are depicted. $450

Van Keulen: Gibraltar
G. H. Van Keulen. "Plan van de Baay van Gibraltar." Amsterdam, 1783. 15 x 19 (neatlines) plus full margins. Line engraving (hand colored). Age browning and a few spots. Else fine. Koeman: IV, p. 381 [Keu, 452].

A primitive and fascinating Dutch sea chart showing the entire port and fortress of Gibraltar. Rhumblines and soundings with a view to towns and anchorages just within sight of the coastline is the proper delineation for this kind of map.

When this sea chart was made, Gerard Van Keulen and his family had been making charts for the seafaring merchants for over a century. After producing the most advanced sea charts at the end of the seventeenth century, the Van Keulen productions declined in quality until 1778 when Gerard Hulst van Keulen took over the firm and created new and vibrant charts. This map was prepared for any of various editions of the Zee-Fakkel. In October of 1783 the famous three year siege of the Gibraltar garrison under Sir George Augustus Eliott was raised with the repulse of the combined French-Spanish forces, and this map records that time and place immediately. $625

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