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Antique Maps of the Holy Land

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Sebastian Munster. "Jerusalem civitas sancta..." From Cosmographia. Basel, 1558. Woodcut. 6 x 14 7/8 with text. Two small holes along centerfold, outside of image. Else, very good condition.

A woodcut view of Jeruslem by Sebastian Munster (1489-1552) from an edition of his Cosmographia. Munster, a Swiss theologian, mathematician and cosmographer, was one of the greatest geographers in the era before "modern" cartography, and beginning in 1540 he issued numerous maps and views, many in his important Cosmographia. His output was a most influential cause of the spread of geographic knowledge from the middle years of the sixteenth century. His works have aptly been described as Renaissance knowledge through a Medieval medium. This map of Jerusalem is typical of his excellent work and it is one of the earliest avilable views of the city. The city walls are shown along with a number of other prominent sites, inclduing temples and mosques. $450



Dead Sea
"Detail Map of the Dead Sea." From Thomas Fuller (1608-1661) A Pisgah sight of Palestine. London: John Williams, 1650. Copperplate engraving by John Goddard. 11 1/4 x 13 3/4. Very good condition.

This map is the southern half of the map of Palestine that is described by Eran Loar, Maps of the Holy Land, p. 36, #278: "Map of biblical Palestine divided among the Tribes on both sides of the Jordan, the shore line running from 'Sidon' as far as 'Rinocoloura.' Haifa bay which should be shown between Acre and Haifa, is reversed, and instead of being a bay is a land mass jutting out into the sea. The Kishon River is shown as connecting the Mediterranean with the Sea of Galilee. Acre is also connected by a river with the same sea. The emblems of all the tribes are shown on the map." $225



Benjamin
"Benjamin." From Thomas Fuller (1608-1661) A Pisgah sight of Palestine. London: John Williams, 1650. Copperplate engraving by Robert Vaughan (c. 1600- c. 1663) "near Waltham, 1649." 11 x 13 1/2. Very good condition.

This map is described by Eran Loar, Maps of the Holy Land, p. 37, #291: "Shows the inland territory in central Palestine on the west bank of the Jordan, apportioned to the Tribe of Benjamin. Jerusalem appears on the map with its Temple and within the walls. Jericho is shown as a big city. Many other biblical illustrations. The emblem of the Tribe: an attacking wolf." $225



Nicolaus Visscher. "Terra Sancta, Promissionis, olim Palestina . . .." Amsterdam, ca. 1659+ 18 1/2 x 22 1/4 (neat lines) plus full margins. Engraving (hand colored). Slight age browning and professional repairs to old tears into top and bottom images. Attached to archival board. Laor, 793.

Map of the Holy Land oriented to the West, divided among the Tribes on both sides of the Jordan. The shore line runs from "Sidon" as far as Egypt. The Kishon River connects Haifa Bay to the Lake of Tiberias. Along the top a garland supported by cherubin. At bottom center, the encampment of the Tribes in the desert surrounding the Tabernacle, flanked by Moses and Aaron. In the bottom right corner, the emblem of the firm, but the fisherman is replaced by fishing children. From one of many atlases published by the Visscher family. $900



Visscher 1660
Nicolaus Visscher. "Peregrinatie ofte Veertich-Iarige Reyse der Kinderen Israels uyt Egypten, door de Roode-zee; mitsgaders de Woestyne tot int beloofde Landt Canaan. Met groote verbeteringe von nieuws geteeckent en uytgegeven door Nicolaus Visscher." From a Dutch Bible; Dese kaerte wert gestelt voor het 33 capittel Numeri. Amsterdam, ca. 1660. 12 1/2 x 18 3/4. Drawn by C.I. Visscher. Engraving by A. van den Broeck. 12 1/2 x 18 3/4. Very good condition. Laor: Maps of The Holy Land, #795.

A highly detailed and most attractive map of the Holy Land from the famous Dutch cartographic firm run by the Visscher family. This map is one of a series of maps by this firm used to illustrate seventeenth century Dutch Bibles. This map illustrates the route of the Israelites in their Exodus out of Egypt, crossing the Red Sea and the desert until they finally entered Canaan. The map is oriented to the west, and the shore line extends from the Nile Delta on the left to as far as Tripoli on the right. The route of the Exodus is indicated, with each year's stopping place indicated with a number. The Holy Land is divided among the Tribes, and detail is given of myriad towns, rivers, lakes, and other features.

Besides its topographical and historic interest, this map is a decorative gem. Many ships are shown sailing in the waters around the Holy Land, including a fleet sailing to get the cedar wood for the Temple of Solomon. Also illustrated with a charming vignette is the story of Jonah and the whale. At the bottom are a series of three decorative cartouches. In the center is an illustration of the encampment of the Tribes surrounding the Tabernacle, the cartouche flanked by Moses and Aaron. To the left and right are smaller cartouches containing images of various Temple vessels, each graced by a pair of putti. As a final decorative flourish, a baroque title cartouche graces the upper right corner, also accompanied by the delightful cherubs. $500



Visscher Canaan
Nicolaus Visscher. "Het Beloofde Landt Canaan..." Amsterdam, ca. 1663. 12 1/2 x 18 3/4. Engraving. Very good condition.

A detailed map of the Holy Land at the time of Jesus, drawn by Nicolaus Visscher, probably the second of that name, and the third in line of the famous Visscher family cartographic firm. The map, based on Visscher's 1650 map of the same title (Laor: 791), has an orientation to the west, and the detail includes cities, myriad towns, rivers, roads, and sites associated with the Apostles. The elaborate, baroque title cartouche is balanced on both sides with two engraved vignettes of scenes from the New Testament. Cherubim hold cartouches in the upper corners. $450



Alain Mallet. "Jerusalem Modern[e]." Frankfurt am Main, 1684-85. 5 7/8 x 4 (platemarks) plus margins. Line engraving. Excellent condition. Ref.: Laor, 1077.

This bird's eye view is based on Braun and Hogenberg's depiction in Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Cologne, 1575). This exquisite view was issued in Alain Manesson Mallet's Beschreibung des gantzen Welt-Kreisses, fig. CX. Modern Jerusalem is seen from the east across the River Kidron with a bridge at the bottom of the valley. Pilgrims with staffs kneel and Moslems in turbans stand on the road regarding the bridge leading toward the city; they demonstrate that even the sight of Jerusalem at a distance is awesome to behold. $225



Blome Canaan
"The Land of Canaan, Travelled over by Our Saviour Jesus Christ and by His Apostles." Probably British: 18th c. 14 1/2 x 16 1/2. Engraving.

This 18th century map of the Holy Land shows no cartographic or publication information, but was most likely published in England, as the language is English and the scale is given in English miles.

The specific title was used on maps published in London from around the turn of the 18th century in Richard Blome's History of the Holy Bible, to around 1770 in Richard Ware's Six Maps Illustrating Sacred Geography.

Oriented to the west, the map follows Visscher and Stoopendaal in cartography, showing the lands of the tribes of Israel, but Christian iconography, with scenes from Christ's birth, crucifixion and resurrection. $450



Stoopendaal Canaan
D. Stoopendaal. "Het Beloofde Landt Canaan door wandelt . . .," Amsterdam: Visscher Family, 1702. 14 x 18 1/4. Copper engraving. Stained. Otherwise, good condition. Dutch text on verso, from a Bible published by the Keur family. Laor: 809.

A map of the Holy Land from the famous Dutch cartographic firm run by the Visscher family. This map, the work of Daniel Stoopendaal (1672-1726) and a lovely example of Dutch cartography, is derived from Nicholas Visscher's 1650 map of the same name. A decorative cartouche fills the bottom border; in it, Christ is shown ascending into heaven from the tomb. Two small scenes on either side depict his birth and his crucifixion. In the upper corners appear cartouches held by cherubim. $275



After C.J. Visscher. "De gelegentheyt van't Paradys en't Landt Canaan . . ." Amsterdam: Pieter Dordrecht & Jacob Keur, 1730. 12 x 17 1/2. Engraving. Very good condition. Laor: 806.

A striking map of the middle east based on an earlier map by C.J. Visscher and issued in a 1730 Dutch Bible. The map illustrates events and locations from early biblical times and contains some attractive vignettes in the corners and at the bottom. The corner images relate to the events in the Garden of Eden and the bottom image shows Noah's ark. $350



Stoopendaal Canaan 1730
D. Stoopendaal. "Het Beloofde Landt Canaan door wandelt . . .," Amsterdam: Visscher Family, 1730. 12 1/4 x 17 3/8 (neat lines). Copper engraving. Very good condition. Dutch text on verso, from a Bible published by the Keur family. Laor: 810.

A map of the Holy Land from the famous Dutch cartographic firm run by the Visscher family. This map, the work of Daniel Stoopendaal (1672-1726) and a lovely example of Dutch cartography, is derived from Nicholas Visscher's 1650 map of the same name and Stoopendaal's 1702 version. A decorative cartouche fills the bottom border; in it, Christ is shown ascending into heaven from the tomb. Two small scenes on either side depict his birth and his crucifixion. This state of the map lacks the cartouches held by cherubim that appear in the upper corners of the 1702 map. $425



Bachiene Kanaan 1748
Willem Albert Bachiene. "Afbeeldinge van 'T Land Kanaan." Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1748. 15 3/8 x 19. Engraving. Hand color. Slight stain at left, narrow margin at top. Otherwise, very good condition. Laor: 67.

A map of Canaan before its conquest by the Israelites. This map was drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer who produced a number of maps, such as this one, of the Holy Land for use in mid-eighteenth century bibles. The area shown extends as far as the Nile Delta and well east of the Jordan. A decorative illustration of Moses before the burning bush is included in the lower right corner and a baroque title cartouche in the upper left. $350



Hutchinson ca. 1748
T[homas] Hutchinson. "A Map of the Holy Land, or ye Travels of ye Children of Israel out of Egypt through the Red Sea & the Wilderness into Canaan." From The Works of Flavius Josephus. London: c. 1748. 17 1/4 x 12 1/2. Engraving.Very good condition.

Thomas Hutchinson was a London engraver and draughtsman. The first state of this map appeared in the 1733 edition of the Works of Flavius Josephus. This map, which retains the information "Page 49" from the original, is clearly a later state, as it lacks the Biblical citation below the title but within the cartouche: "Joshua, Chap. XXI."

The map delineates the areas of each of the twelve tribes of Israel, shows the names of peoples around them (e.g., Ammonites, Moabites, etc.), depicts the Mediterranean shore line from Tripolis in present-day Lebanon to Pelusium in the Nile Delta, and provides a "Scale of English Miles." $325



Willem Albert Bachiene."Afbeelding van 'T Land van Israel." From a Dutch Bible. Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1749. 19 x 15. Engraving. With narrow margins as issued. Very good condition.

One of a series of maps of the Holy Land during different historic epochs issued in a mid-eighteenth century Dutch bible. This map was drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer. The map has a baroque title cartouche. This map of the Land of Israel with all the locations and geographic features mentioned in the Bible indicated. The illustration is of Moses looking out from Mount Nebo at the land he was forbidden to enter. $250



Bachiene Egypt to Tyre
Willem Albert Bachiene. "Afbeelding van Egypt, de Woestyn e der Schelf-Zee, en 'T Land Kanaan." Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1750. 19 3/8 x 15. Engraving by J. van Jagen. Trimmed to neatline at right. Otherwise, excellent condition. Laor: 68.

A map extending from Egypt to Tyre and showing the route and stops of the Exodus. This map was drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer who produced a number of maps, such as this one, of the Holy Land for use in mid-eighteenth century bibles. A decorative vignette of an encampment of the Israelites in the desert is included at the bottom left. $350



Basire Jerusalem
Isaac Basire. "The City of Jerusalem." ca. 1750. Engraving. 14 1/8 x 17 1/4. Very good condition.

The first in a four generation family of engravers, Isaac Basire (1704-1768) was known primarily as a cartographer.

This map of Jerusalem, published in the mid-18th century, shows the Holy City in Roman times (depicting, for example, "Pilat's House"). In the lower left is "A scale adjusting ye sacred cubits to ye ancient and modern stadiaes & ye Italian half league." $350



Bachiene Holy Land during Romans
Willem Albert Bachiene. "Afbeelding van 't Joodsche Land." Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1750. 15 x 18 1/2. Engraving J. van Jagen. Some scattered staining; else good condition.

A map of Palestine during the rule of Rome. This map was drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer who produced a number of maps, such as this one, of the Holy Land for use in mid-eighteenth century bibles. A decorative vignette in the lower right shows the crucifixion, and an elaborate baroque title cartouche is in the upper left, with a depiction of the Crucifixion in the lower right. $250



Bachiene Jerusalem
Willem Albert Bachiene. "Afbeeldinge der Stad Jerusalem..." Gorinshem: Nicolas Goetzee, 1750. 14 3/4 x 19 1/4. Engraving by J. van Jagen. Small marginal tears. Else, very good condition. Laor: 948.

Many editions of the Bible from the seventeenth century on included maps of the Holy Land, and some even included maps of ancient Jerusalem. This is such a map, based on the work of W.A. Bachiene, from a mid-eighteenth century Bible issued in the Netherlands. It shows the main outline of the city squares major sites, including the City of David and the hill of Golgotha. $300



Bachiene Gilead
Willem Albert Bachiene. "'t Land Kanaan benevens Gilead." Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1750. 19 1/4 x 15. Engraving J. van Jagen. Laor: 70. Trimmed just inside neat line at right. Otherwise, very good condition.

A map of Canaan and Gilead, divided into the 12 Tribes of Israel. This map was drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer who produced a number of maps, such as this one, of the Holy Land for use in mid-eighteenth century bibles. This map focuses on Palestine, with good detail of towns, rivers, lakes, and some topography. A decorative vignette in the lower right shows the Elders of Israel dividing the land between the 12 Tribes, and a baroque title cartouche is in the upper left. $300



Johann Christoph Harenberg. "Palaestina in XII Tribus." Nuremberg: Homann Heirs, 1750+. 18 7/8 x 20 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition. Laor: 41.

This map includes an insert map of Palestine divided according to different regions at different times. $600



Delisle: Terrae Sanctae
Guillaume Delisle. "Terrae Sanctae Tabula e Scripturae Sacrae, Flavii Josephi, Eusebii et Divi Hieronymi..." From Rigobert Bonne's Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur toutes les parties du Globe Terrestre. Paris: Lattré and Delalain, 1763. Two sheets each 13 1/2 x 19 1/2. Original hand color. Some minor blemishes. Otherwise, very good condition. Laor: 245.

A beautiful, two sheet map of the Holy Land originally done by Guillaume Delisle, but edited by his brother, Joseph after his death. Palestine shown divided among the Tribes. Typical of the French school of cartography, the decorative elements of the map are kept to the cartouches. In this particular one, the ten commandments are included. $550



Carey: Holy Land
"Description of the land of Canaan; with a summary account of the Canaanites, the journeys and conquests of the Israelites, &c" From Lavoisne's Historical Atlas. Philadelphia: Mathew Carey & Son, 1820. Engraving by Kneass, Young & Co. 16 3/8 x 20 1/2. Double folio sheet. Original hand color. Very good condition. Ref: Laor #65.

Mathew Carey was one of the first American cartographers, establishing his business in the late 18th century. His work in cartography, as well as medicine, established his business as one of the preeminent American publishers, the firm going through many manifestations and lasting until the late 20th century. The first variation was that of Carey and his son, Henry C., who formed Carey & Son about 1820.

Their most famous work was an American edition of Lavoisne's Historical Atlas, which is known for its up-to-date maps surrounded by scholarly text. Carey & Son's edition used two printing processes, combining copper plate engraving for the map with letter press printing for a text to elucidate the historical sciences. The result is fine, contemporary maps like this one of the Holy Land, depicted both prior to and after conquest by the Israelites, with insets "Form of the Camp of the Israelites" and "Plan of the City of Jerusalem." The text is of equal interest. $175



Finley Holy Land
A. Finley. "Palestine." From A New General Atlas. Philadelphia: A. Finley, 1827. 11 1/3 x 8 3/4. Engraving by Young & Delleker. Original hand color. Stain in lower right margin. Else, very good condition.

Early in the nineteenth century, Anthony Finley was one of the leading Philadelphian mapmakers of the period and one of the leading cartographic publishers in America. His copper engraved maps are noted for their crisp appearance and interesting detail. Along with the usual topographical information in this map are icons representing the Royal Cities, Cities of the Refuge, and the Levitical Cities. $125



Assheton Holy Land
J. Assheton. "Syria and Palestine." Engraved on steel by J. Shury. London: Thomas Tegg, 73 Cheapside, March 1, 1829. 10 1/4 x 7 7/8. With folds as issued, and some consequent transfer staining. Else, very good condition.

Thomas Tegg (1776-1845) was a London bookseller and publisher. His substantial business success involved publishing original works, marketing remainders acquired from other publishers and reprinting works on which copyrights had expired.

J. or J. T. or J. T. W. Assheton was credited as a cartographer on many maps published by Tegg. John Shury was an engraver also often employed by Tegg.

This rather small-scale map is crowded by place names in the area depicted, including regions denominated "Aleppo," "Tripoli," "Accha," "Gaza," "Damascus" and "Palestine." $60



Finley Moses
Anthony Finley. "The Places Recorded in the Five Books of Moses." From A New General Atlas, 1831 edition. With two inset maps: "Canaan Aram & c." and "The Eastern Countries as mentioned by Moses." Philadelphia: A. Finley, [1827-]31. 9 1/2 x 11 3/8. Engraving by Thackara. Full original hand-color. Very good condition.

Early in the nineteenth century, Anthony Finley (c. 1790-1840) was a great popularizer of maps out of Philadelphia and one of the leading cartographic publishers in America. His copper engraved maps are noted for their crisp appearance and interesting detail. This map shows the Holy Land as mentioned in the Pentateuch, highlighted with handsome original hand-color. Finley made great efforts to keep his maps up-to-date and accurate, and this is a nice example of his work.

James Thackara (1767-1848) was an engraver in Philadelphia and Lancaster, Pennsylvania. He succeeded Thomas Birch as "keeper" or curator of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts 1816-1828. $65



Finley Moriah or Jerusalem
Anthony Finley. "The Land of Moriah or Jerusalem and the Adjacent Country." From A New General Atlas, 1831 edition. With a scale comparing "Jewish Cubits," "Roman Miles" and "English Miles." Philadelphia: A. Finley, [1827-]31. 11 3/4 x 9 1/8. Engraving by H. S. Tanner. Full original hand-color. Very good condition.

Early in the nineteenth century, Anthony Finley (c. 1790-1840) was a great popularizer of maps out of Philadelphia and one of the leading cartographic publishers in America. His copper engraved maps are noted for their crisp appearance and interesting detail. This map shows part of the Holy Land centered on Jerusalem, from Ramah on the north to past Bethlehem on the south and from Anathoth on the east to Taralah on the west, all highlighted with handsome original hand-color. Finley made great efforts to keep his maps up-to-date and accurate, and this is a nice example of his work.

Philadelphia cartographer and engraver Henry Schenk Tanner (1786-1858) engraved maps for his own atlases, as well as for other publishers such as Finley. $75



Dower: Ancient Palestine
John Dower. "Ancient Palestine." From A New General Atlas of the World. London: Henry Teesdale & Co., 1834. 17 x 14. Engraving by J. Dower. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A map by British cartographer J. Dower. Though other countries, including the United States, had by then developed cartographic industries of considerable quality, British map publishers were still the best in the world. This map is typical of their output, with clear and precise engraving depicting copious up-to-date information. Towns, rivers, roads, political boundaries and topography are shown from throughout. The hand coloring, beautifully applied, makes this map as handsome as it is interesting. $150



Map from the SDUK. London: Chapman & Hall, 1843. Approx. 15 1/2 x 12 1/4. Engraving by W. Hughes. Original outline hand coloring. Excellent condition.

Four interesting maps of the Holy Land by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). The English had attempted- at the height of their archaeological expeditions to Egypt and Israel- to demystify the bible and locate many of the well-known biblical cities (Ophrah, Jericho, and the Place of Passage of the Israelites), in all of the maps. Each map also has an area of detail to further convey the changes that have occurred between the ancient and modern lands. These maps are fine historical documents and coupled with each other or individually, they are excellent examples of the quality of work done by the SDUK.



"Palestine According to its Ancient Divisions." From Black's General Atlas of the World. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1842-46. Steel engraving by William Hughes. 14 5/8 x 10 (neat lines). Original outline color. Very good condition.

One of a series of precisely detailed maps of the world from one of the leading British mapmaking firms of the nineteenth century. Adam and Charles Black issued atlases from the 1840s through the 1880s, keeping their maps as current as possible. This handsome map, with an inset "The Peninsula of Mount Sinai," is a good example of their output.

William Hughes (1818 - 1876) was an English geographer and mapmaker, Professor of Geography at King's College and Queen's College, London, and author or editor of books and atlases for the classroom, of biblical studies and of general reference. $60



Tanner: Palestine
Henry S. Tanner. "Palestine & Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846. 15 1/2 x 12 1/2. Lithographic transfer from engraved plate. Original color. Some typical paper toning. Very good condition.

An excellent map by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. In 1816, Henry, his brother Benjamin, John Vallance and Francis Kearny formed an engraving firm in Philadelphia. Having had experience at map engraving through his work with John Melish, Tanner conceived of the idea of compiling and publishing an American Atlas, which was begun in 1819 by Tanner, Vallance, Kearny & Co. Soon Tanner took over the project on his own, and thus began his career as a cartographic publisher. The American Atlas was a huge success, which inspired Tanner to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of all parts of the world and this map is typical of his work. With an inset of "The Environs of Jerusalem," the map delineates the areas of the Twelve Tribes, also providing a key to the various provinces of the then-ruling Turkish Empire. The maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co. $110



"Palestine and Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1846-51. 15 5/8 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A very informative map of Palestine by S. Augustus Mitchell. The country is broken up into its Turkish provinces with a listing of all thirty eight of them. Palestine, along with many countries in the area, was part of the Ottoman empire starting in 1516 and not ending until World War I. This map also includes a map of the environs of Jerusalem, a list of the ten cities of the Decapolis, icons representing towns mentioned in the sacred scripture, the ancient and modern names of many cities, and an explanation of Arabic appellatives. Finally, there is a notation of the new measurements and exploration of the Dead Sea which is "smaller than usually represented." $150



Colton: Palestine
"Palestine." From Colton's General Atlas. New York: J.H. Colton & Co., 1857. 14 5/8 x 11 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. With inset of "Arabia Petrea." Very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. The General Atlas was the first single edition atlas published by the Colton brothers succeeding the expensive two-volume Atlas of the World. With its fine detail, this map of the Holy Land is a strong example of their successful work. As usual in Palestine maps of this period, hand coloring in pink, blue, green, and yellow delineate the lands of the Twelve Tribes. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $65



Johnson: Palestine 1862
"Johnson's Palestine." From New Illustrated Family Atlas. New York: Johnson & Ward, 1862. 15 1/4 x 12 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

Featuring the strapwork style border common to Johnson's atlas work from 1860 to 1863, this map details the region from Beirut south to Busaireh and Kadesh Barnea, extending eastward as far as Mount Alsadamus in modern day Syria. The map presents both contemporary and ancient geography, often noting multiple names for the same political and geographical features. Also shown are numerous roadways and caravan routes throughout the region. An inset to the lower right details Jerusalem with ten important churches, biblical sites, and mosques noted. A view of Damascus decorates the upper left. $125



Mitchell Holy Land
W.H. Gamble. "A New Map of Palestine or the Holy Land." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1864-66. Lithograph. 14 x 11 3/8. Very good condition.

In 1846, S. Augustus Mitchell purchased the rights to the important Universal Atlas by H.S. Tanner. Mitchell had lithographic transfers made of the engraved maps and issued his version of Tanner's Universal Atlas, with maps that were essentially unchanged, other than process and a new border. Mitchell then immediately started to make some changes to the maps, mostly changing the copyright and publisher information, and he began his own series of editions of the Universal Atlas. This map, from one of his son's atlases and like those of other editions, is excellent, and includes an inset map of "Modern Jerusalem." $150



Johnson: Palestine 1862
"Johnson's Palestine." From New Illustrated Family Atlas. New York: Johnson & Ward, 1866. 15 1/4 x 12 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. A few spots; else, very good condition.

Featuring the strapwork style border common to Johnson's atlas work from 1860 to 1863, this map details the region from Beirut south to Busaireh and Kadesh Barnea, extending eastward as far as Mount Alsadamus in modern day Syria. The map presents both contemporary and ancient geography, often noting multiple names for the same political and geographical features. Also shown are numerous roadways and caravan routes throughout the region. An inset to the lower right details Jerusalem with ten important churches, biblical sites, and mosques noted. A view of Damascus decorates the upper left. $125



Black: Palestine 1862
J. Bartholomew. "Palestine." From Black's General Atlas of the World, New Edition. Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1867. 16 1/2 x 10 7/8 (neat lines). Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

One of a series of precisely detailed maps of the world from one of the leading British mapmaking firms of the nineteenth century. Adam and Charles Black issued atlases from the 1840s through the 1880s, keeping their maps as current as possible. This handsome map, with the area of each of the Twelve Tribes delineated by color a good example of their output.

Scottish cartographer John Bartholomew, Jr., (1831-1893) was second in the prolific line of his family engaged in the map making business. $150



Colton: Palestine 1867
"Colton's Palestine." From Colton's General Atlas. New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton and Co., 1869. 15 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. With inset of "Arabia Petrea." Very good condition.

In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of map publishing in America moved from Philadelphia to New York. The Colton publishing firm played a large role in this shift. The General Atlas was the first single edition atlas published by the Colton brothers succeeding the expensive two-volume Atlas of the World. With its fine detail and decorative border, this map of the Holy Land is a strong example of their successful work. As usual in Palestine maps of this period, hand coloring in pink, blue, green, and yellow delineate the lands of the Twelve Tribes. An attractive map as well as a worthwhile historical document. $110



Mitchell Holy Land
W.H. Gamble. "A New Map of Palestine or the Holy Land." From Mitchell's New General Atlas. Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1871. 14 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Very good condition.

In 1846, S. Augustus Mitchell purchased the rights to the important Universal Atlas by H.S. Tanner. Mitchell had lithographic transfers made of the engraved maps and issued his version of Tanner's Universal Atlas, with maps that were essentially unchanged, other than process and a new border. Mitchell then immediately started to make some changes to the maps, mostly changing the copyright and publisher information, and he began his own series of editions of the Universal Atlas. This map, from one of his son's atlases and like those of other editions, is excellent, and includes an inset map of "Modern Jerusalem." $150



Bradley Holy Land
William Bradley. "A New Map of Palestine or the Holy Land." Philadelphia: William M. Bradley & Bro., 1887. 14 1/8 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Taped tear in lower margin; else, very good condition. Map of "Hindoostan, Farther India, China, and Tibet" on reverse.

A bright and lovely map of Palestine form the late nineteenth century. The usual information is given cleanly and concisely and an insert of Modern Jerusalem is included. Palestine is also shown in two political portions. Under Turkish occupation, the country was ruled in the East by the administrative rule of Damascus and in the west by the administrative rule of Beirut. This map is also unique in its simplicity of style as contrasted to some of the more decorative maps of the time. $85



Bradley Palestine
"Palestine, Reduced by arrangement with the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund embodying as much of the Great Survey of Western Palestine as the scale allows." From Atlas of the World. Philadelphia: William M. Bradley & Bro., 1887. 23 x 17 3/4. Lithograph. Very good condition.

The Palestine Exploration Fund was founded in 1865 by a group of distinguished British academics and clergymen to promote research into the archaeology and history, manners and customs and culture, topography, geology and natural sciences of biblical Palestine and the Levant. It is still in existence today.

The Fund's most ambitious and successful project, The Survey of Western Palestine (1871-1878), was the first accurate survey and map of the whole of the southern Levant west of the Jordan River, and gave subsequent archaeologists, botanists, geologists and geographers valuable reference material.

Royal Engineers C. R. Cronder and H. H. Kitchener (later known as "Kitchener of Khartoum") created the 26-sheet "Map of Western Palestine," published in London by the Ordnance Survey Office in 1880.

This map, published by the Bradley firm, is a reduction of the larger map, and is evidence that, while Philadelphia was no longer the main center of cartographic publishing in North America by the late nineteenth century, many fine maps were still produced there. $250



Cram: Birds Eye Holy Land
"Birds-Eye-View of The Holy Land." Engraved by permission from A.J. Marks' large chromo Lithograph. Chicago: Geo. F. Cram, 1891. 7 1/4 x 12 3/8. Plus key to topographical features, landmarks and towns. Lithotint. Very good condition. $75



Cram Holy Land
"Palestine." Chicago: George F. Cram & Co., 1891. 13 1/2 x 10 1/2. Colored cerograph. Very good condition.

The George F. Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm in Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These companies were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information. George Cram started in the map and atlas business in 1867 as Cram & Blanchard. In 1869 the company became George F. Cram & Company with him as the sole owner, and the Cram firm quickly became synonymous with accuracy and innovation, creating maps delineating cities, towns, major transportation routes, railroads, and topographical features. This map of Palestine is no exception. In 1921 George Cram retired and sold his business to E.A. Peterson of the National Map Company, but the Cram name was retained even after George Cram died in 1928. In 1932 the George F. Cram Company produced globes for the first time. The company is still in business and producing globes today. $35



Rand McNally: Palestine
"Palestine." From Rand McNally & Company's Indexed Atlas of the World. Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1898. 19 x 12 1/2. Cerograph. With inset "Modern Jerusalem and Environs." Very good condition.

A late nineteenth century map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail precisely and neatly exhibited. Also of note, on the reverse is a key to "Divisions, Lakes, Mountains, Rivers and Wadies, and Towns." Aesthetically and cartographically, it presages the Rand McNally maps of the twentieth century. $65




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