Holy Land
Abraham Ortelius after Tilleman Stella. "Palestinae sive totius Terrae Promissionis, Nova Descriptio." From Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Antwerp: Aegidius Coppen Diesth, 1570-1575. 14 x 18 7/8. Engraving. Full original hand color. With old pin-holes, folds and short tears in margins. Map professionally conserved and lined. Overall, very good condition.

A map of the Holy Land from 'the first modern atlas,' Abraham Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, or 'Theater of the World.' The publication of this atlas marked an epoch in the history of cartography, for it is the first uniform and systematic collection of maps of the whole world based only on contemporary knowledge since the days of Ptolemy. In the sixteenth century there was a great increase in interest in maps and charts, and Ortelius, as a businessman with a passion for history and cartography, was at the forefront in meeting this demand. Through his collecting and his antiques business, Ortelius was able to research contemporary maps, becoming one of the greatest experts of his day. Ortelius based his work on the best maps available, drawing the maps himself with the plates done by Franz Hogenberg. Unlike other atlas-makers, Ortelius cited the authors of the original maps from which he compiled his work. In this case, he based his map on the work of the prolific Tilleman Stella. Thus it is not only for his unprecedented achievement in issuing the first modern atlas, but also for his thoughtful and rigorous methodology, that Ortelius belongs amongst the first rank of cartographers. He is very aptly called 'the father of modern cartography.'

This map is of particular significance because it was the first map of the Holy Land published by Ortelius. Done in original color, this map has many important decorative and geographic features. In the upper cartouche, Ortelius pays tribute to the promised land with all its goodness and holiness by quoting one of the most famous passages relating to the Holy Land. The map relays both biblical and modern geography and sets a precedent for maps of Holy Land for the next three centuries. Included in this map is the path taken by the Israelites from Ramses (Egypt) past Mount Sinai to Jericho. Biblical sites are depicted by churches, interestingly Jerusalem is not given great prominence in the map. The Holy Land is divided into the lands of the twelve tribes, Judeae and Samaria. Along with their historic significance, Ortelius' maps are noted for their delightful design and unusual Dutch coloring. They are decorative pieces in the finest Renaissance tradition, with elegant lettering, elaborate mannerist cartouches, sailing ships, and other charming features. This map of Palestine is no exception, with two especially nice cartouches and illustrations including two flute-playing satyrs. First rate historically and aesthetically, a superb sixteenth-century document. $1,400

Holy Land
Maps by Willem Albert Bachiene. From a Dutch Bible. Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1748-50. Engravings. With narrow margins as issued. Very good condition, except as noted.

A series of maps of the Holy Land during different historic epics issued in a mid-eighteenth century Dutch bible. These maps were drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer. Each map has a decorative vignette of an appropriate event and a baroque title cartouche.

Georg Matthäus Seutter. "Terra Sancta Vocata, Quae Olim XII Tribus." Augsburg: G.M. Seutter, 1744. From Atlas Minor. 7 3/4 x 10 1/3. Full original color. Very good condition.

A beautiful map of "Terra Sancta" from Georg Matthäus Seutter's Atlas Minor. Seutter entered the cartographic world in 1697 as an apprentice to Johann Baptist Homann, but he soon set up his own flourishing map business in Augsburg. He was so successful that he replaced Homann as the Geographer to the Kaiser of the Holy Roman Empire. His son, Albrecht Carl, joined and eventually inherited the business. The maps from this atlas were drawn by the two Seutters and were engraved by Tobias C. Lotter, who later took over the business from Albrecht. The cartouches were left uncolored in order to emphasize the elaborately detailed illustrations for which German maps are especially prized. $425

Harenberg Holy Land
Johann Christoph Harenberg. "Palaestina in XII Tribus." Nuremberg: Homann Heirs, 1750. 18 7/8 x 20 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Repaired seam 3" from bottom, and repaired bottom right corner. Otherwise, very good condition. Laor: 41.

This map includes an insert map of Palestine divided according to different regions at different times. The decorative cartouche shows Joshua and Caleb returning from the promised land carrying oversize grapes, the encampment of the Jews, and two sides of a shekel coin. $450

Sidney Hall. "Palestine." London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1830. 20 1/4 x 16 1/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

A handsome map by British cartographer Sidney Hall, issued in London in 1830. Though other countries, including the United States, had by then developed cartographic industries of considerable quality, British map publishers were still the best in the world. Here, the area is represented in simple outlined sections whilst a neoclassical border finishes the piece. $225

Henry Tanner. "Palestine & Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1844. 14 1/2 x 12. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A map of today's Israel and Lebanon by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. Beginning at the end of the second decade of the nineteenth century, Tanner, produced his important American Atlas, the finest American produced atlas to the time. The American Atlas was a huge success and this inspired Tanner, in 1834, to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented and these include towns, rivers mountains, political boundaries and transportation information. In 1844 Carey & Hart issued an updated edition of the Tanner atlas. These maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but maps from the early Carey & Hart edition are quite rare. This is a typical example of the maps from that atlas, with excellent and current information from the Gaza to Lebanon. $175

A. J. Johnson. "Johnson's Palestine." New York: Johnson and Ward, 1864. 15 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Few scattered spotting. Otherwise, very good condition.

A map of Palestine from Johnson & Ward's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Cities are marked with their scripture, classical, and modern names. Along with an insert of Jerusalem that includes a listing of the major churches, is an illustration of Damascus in the upper left corner. $75

A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Palestine." New York: A.J. Johnson, 1867. 15 1/4 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

Another map by A. J. Johnson. This one includes an insert of Peninsula of Mt. Sinai complete with the and the path of the Israelites and the route to Mecca. $85