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Antique Maps of the Holy Land

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Sebastian Munster. "Jerusalem civitas sancta..." From Cosmographia. Basel, 1558. Woodcut. 6 x 14 7/8 with text. Two small holes along centerfold, outside of image. Else, very good condition.

A woodcut view of Jeruslem by Sebastian Munster (1489-1552) from an edition of his Cosmographia. Munster, a Swiss theologian, mathematician and cosmographer, was one of the greatest geographers in the era before "modern" cartography, and beginning in 1540 he issued numerous maps and views, many in his important Cosmographia. His output was a most influential cause of the spread of geographic knowledge from the middle years of the sixteenth century. His works have aptly been described as Renaissance knowledge through a Medieval medium. This map of Jerusalem is typical of his excellent work and it is one of the earliest avilable views of the city. The city walls are shown along with a number of other prominent sites, inclduing temples and mosques. $450

Holy Land
Abraham Ortelius after Tilleman Stella. "Palestinae sive totius Terrae Promissionis, Nova Descriptio." From Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Antwerp: Aegidius Coppen Diesth, 1570-1575. 14 x 18 7/8. Engraving. Full original hand color. With old pin-holes, folds and short tears in margins. Map professionally conserved and lined. Overall, very good condition.

A map of the Holy Land from 'the first modern atlas,' Abraham Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, or 'Theater of the World.' The publication of this atlas marked an epoch in the history of cartography, for it is the first uniform and systematic collection of maps of the whole world based only on contemporary knowledge since the days of Ptolemy. In the sixteenth century there was a great increase in interest in maps and charts, and Ortelius, as a businessman with a passion for history and cartography, was at the forefront in meeting this demand. Through his collecting and his antiques business, Ortelius was able to research contemporary maps, becoming one of the greatest experts of his day. Ortelius based his work on the best maps available, drawing the maps himself with the plates done by Franz Hogenberg. Unlike other atlas-makers, Ortelius cited the authors of the original maps from which he compiled his work. In this case, he based his map on the work of the prolific Tilleman Stella. Thus it is not only for his unprecedented achievement in issuing the first modern atlas, but also for his thoughtful and rigorous methodology, that Ortelius belongs amongst the first rank of cartographers. He is very aptly called 'the father of modern cartography.'

This map is of particular significance because it was the first map of the Holy Land published by Ortelius. Done in original color, this map has many important decorative and geographic features. In the upper cartouche, Ortelius pays tribute to the promised land with all its goodness and holiness by quoting one of the most famous passages relating to the Holy Land. The map relays both biblical and modern geography and sets a precedent for maps of Holy Land for the next three centuries. Included in this map is the path taken by the Israelites from Ramses (Egypt) past Mount Sinai to Jericho. Biblical sites are depicted by churches, interestingly Jerusalem is not given great prominence in the map. The Holy Land is divided into the lands of the twelve tribes, Judeae and Samaria. Along with their historic significance, Ortelius' maps are noted for their delightful design and unusual Dutch coloring. They are decorative pieces in the finest Renaissance tradition, with elegant lettering, elaborate mannerist cartouches, sailing ships, and other charming features. This map of Palestine is no exception, with two especially nice cartouches and illustrations including two flute-playing satyrs. First rate historically and aesthetically, a superb sixteenth-century document. $1,400

Nicolaus Visscher. "Terra Sancta, Promissionis, olim Palestina . . .." Amsterdam, ca. 1659+ 18 1/2 x 22 1/4 (neat lines) plus full margins. Engraving (hand colored). Slight age browning and professional repairs to old tears into top and bottom images. Attached to archival board. Laor, 793.

Map of the Holy Land oriented to the West, divided among the Tribes on both sides of the Jordan. The shore line runs from "Sidon" as far as Egypt. The Kishon River connects Haifa Bay to the Lake of Tiberias. Along the top a garland supported by cherubin. At bottom center, the encampment of the Tribes in the desert surrounding the Tabernacle, flanked by Moses and Aaron. In the bottom right corner, the emblem of the firm, but the fisherman is replaced by fishing children. From one of many atlases published by the Visscher family. $900

Jansson: Holy Land
Jan Jansson. "Tabula Itineraria Patriarcharum Abrahami, Isaaci et Jacobi." From George Hornius' Accurata Orbis Delineatio sive Geographica Vetus Sacra & Profana.... Amsterdam: Janssonius Waesburg, 1652-1684. 14 3/4 x 20 1/2 plus full margins. Engraving. French text. Ref.: Laor, 371.

From a series of maps that illustrate various aspects of Holy Land history as understood by scholars in the seventeenth century; this map shows the entire Middle East from teh Nile to the Tigris River. Ancient geography provided Renaissance scholars with a history of their own knowledge and also provided conventions upon which to found their mapmaking. This is especially true of ancient Palestine, for this was the history of Christianity and Judaism, a history of seminal importance to the Renaissance mind. This fascinating information is portrayed through superbly engraved lines on fine, hand made rag paper, making these maps visually, as well as historically, impressive documents. $450

Alain Mallet. "Jerusalem Modern[e]." Frankfurt am Main, 1684-85. 5 7/8 x 4 (platemarks) plus margins. Line engraving. Excellent condition. Ref.: Laor, 1077.

This bird's eye view is based on Braun and Hogenberg's depiction in Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Cologne, 1575). This exquisite view was issued in Alain Manesson Mallet's Beschreibung des gantzen Welt-Kreisses, fig. CX. Modern Jerusalem is seen from the east across the River Kidron with a bridge at the bottom of the valley. Pilgrims with staffs kneel and Moslems in turbans stand on the road regarding the bridge leading toward the city; they demonstrate that even the sight of Jerusalem at a distance is awesome to behold. $225

After C.J. Visscher. "De gelegentheyt van't Paradys en't Landt Canaan…" Amsterdam: Pieter Dordrecht & Jacob Keur, 1730. 12 x 17 1/2. Engraving. Very good condition. Laor: 806.

A striking map of the middle east based on an earlier map by C.J. Visscher and issued in a 1730 Dutch Bible. The map illustrates events and locations from early biblical times and contains some attractive vignettes in the corners and at the bottom. The corner images relate to the events in the Garden of Eden and the bottom image shows Noah's ark. $350

Holy Land
Maps by Willem Albert Bachiene. From a Dutch Bible. Gorinchem, Uitgegeven: Nicolaas Goetzee, 1748-50. Engravings. With narrow margins as issued. Very good condition, except as noted.

A series of maps of the Holy Land during different historic epics issued in a mid-eighteenth century Dutch bible. These maps were drawn by Willem Albert Bachiene, a Dutch preacher, astronomer, and geographer. Each map has a decorative vignette of an appropriate event and a baroque title cartouche.

Georg Matthäus Seutter. "Terra Sancta Vocata, Quae Olim XII Tribus." Augsburg: G.M. Seutter, 1744. From Atlas Minor. 7 3/4 x 10 1/3. Full original color. Very good condition.

A beautiful map of "Terra Sancta" from Georg Matthäus Seutter's Atlas Minor. Seutter entered the cartographic world in 1697 as an apprentice to Johann Baptist Homann, but he soon set up his own flourishing map business in Augsburg. He was so successful that he replaced Homann as the Geographer to the Kaiser of the Holy Roman Empire. His son, Albrecht Carl, joined and eventually inherited the business. The maps from this atlas were drawn by the two Seutters and were engraved by Tobias C. Lotter, who later took over the business from Albrecht. The cartouches were left uncolored in order to emphasize the elaborately detailed illustrations for which German maps are especially prized. $425

Harenberg Holy Land
Johann Christoph Harenberg. "Palaestina in XII Tribus." Nuremberg: Homann Heirs, 1750. 18 7/8 x 20 1/2. Engraving. Original outline color. Repaired seam 3" from bottom, and repaired bottom right corner. Otherwise, very good condition. Laor: 41. Denver.

This map includes an insert map of Palestine divided according to different regions at different times. The decorative cartouche shows Joshua and Caleb returning from the promised land carrying oversize grapes, the encampment of the Jews, and two sides of a shekel coin. $450

Johann Christoph Harenberg. "Palaestina in XII Tribus." Nuremberg: Homann Heirs, 1750+. Another, slightly later example of this handsome map, with full hand color, but without the elaborate title cartouche. $600

Delisle: Terrae Sanctae
Guillaume Delisle. "Terrae Sanctae Tabula e Scripturae Sacrae, Flavii Josephi, Eusebii et Divi Hieronymi..." From Rigobert Bonne's Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur toutes les parties du Globe Terrestre. Paris: Lattré and Delalain, 1763. Two sheets each 13 1/2 x 19 1/2. Original hand color. Some minor blemishes. Otherwise, very good condition. Laor: 245.

A beautiful, two sheet map of the Holy Land originally done by Guillaume Delisle, but edited by his brother, Joseph after his death. Palestine shown divided among the Tribes. Typical of the French school of cartography, the decorative elements of the map are kept to the cartouches. In this particular one, the ten commandments are included. $550

Blair: Palestine
John Blair. "Palestinae seu Terre Promissionis in duodecim Tribus Partitae Facies Antiqua." From Chronology & History of the World. London: J. Blair, 1768. Double folio. Engraved by Thomas Kitchin. 16 1/2 x 22 1/2 (neat lines) plus full margins. Laor, 108. Excellent condition.

A detailed map of the entire Middle East ranging from eastern Cyprus in the west to well into the valleys of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. It depicts north to Asia Minor and south to the Nile Valley and Arabia. It is based on the latest information available in the eighteenth century of the ancient world, and credited to John Blair; however, his source is probably French since the prime meridian is the Isle de Fer. The crisp engraving is typical of Kitchin's work with its lovely allegorical title cartouche. $475

John Blair. "Palestinae Sive Terrae Promissionis in duodecim Tribus partitae Facies Vetus." From Chronology & History of the World. London: J. Blair, 1768. Double folio. Engraved by John Bayly. 16 1/2 x 22 1/2 (neat lines) plus full margins. Laor, 107. Excellent condition.

A detailed map of the lands of the twelve tribes of Israel. Cities and towns are located and coded according to ancient sources. Topography is shown using simplistic directional mountain ranges. $350

D. Macpherson. "Terra Filiorum Israelis, antequam in duo regna……terra philistaeorum, parte Phoenices, &c." From Geographiae Antiquae. Philadelphia: D. MacPherson, ca. 1820. 9 3/4 x 15 5/8. Engraving by H. S. Tanner. Repaired middle seam, tear in upper margin. Otherwise, very good condition.

A double map of the Holy Land. The main map focuses on the land of "the sons of Israel" with the Philistines and Phoenicians. The insert represents the land during the age of Christ. $35

Finley Holy Land
A. Finley. "Palestine." From A New General Atlas. Philadelphia: A. Finley, 1827. 11 1/3 x 8 3/4. Engraving by Young & Delleker. Original hand-color. Very good condition.

Early in the nineteenth century, Anthony Finley was one of the leading Philadelphian mapmakers of the period and one of the leading cartographic publishers in America. His copper engraved maps are noted for their crisp appearance and interesting detail. Along with the usual topographical information in this map are icons representing the Royal Cities, Cities of the Refuge, and the Levitical Cities. $125

Sidney Hall. "Palestine." London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, 1830. 20 1/4 x 16 1/4. Engraving. Original outline color. Very good condition.

A handsome map by British cartographer Sidney Hall, issued in London in 1830. Though other countries, including the United States, had by then developed cartographic industries of considerable quality, British map publishers were still the best in the world. Here, the area is represented in simple outlined sections whilst a neoclassical border finishes the piece. $225

Burr Holy Land
David H. Burr. "Palestine, or the Holyland, or the Land of Canaan." From A New Universal Atlas (1835). New York: David H. Burr, 1832. 12 1/2 x 10 1/4. Engraving. Full original color. Very good condition. Denver.

An excellent map of Palestine by David H. Burr, one of the most important American cartographers of the first part of the nineteenth century. Having studied under Simeon DeWitt, Burr produced the second state atlas issued in the United States, of New York in 1829. He was then appointed to be geographer for the U.S. Post Office and later geographer to the House of Representatives. As a careful geographer, Burr is painstaking in this map to put in only information for which he felt there was a scientific basis. The map has excellent topographical and political information, as well as being beautifully colored. It includes an inset of Jerusalem. Burr's maps are scarce and quite desirable. $150

Maps from the SDUK. London: Chapman & Hall, 1843. All approx. 15 1/2 x 12 1/4. Engraving by W. Hughes. Original outline hand coloring. Excellent condition.

Four interesting maps of the Holy Land by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK). The English had attempted- at the height of their archaeological expeditions to Egypt and Israel- to demystify the bible and locate many of the well-known biblical cities (Ophrah, Jericho, and the Place of Passage of the Israelites), in all of the maps. Each map also has an area of detail to further convey the changes that have occurred between the ancient and modern lands. These maps are fine historical documents and coupled with each other or individually, they are excellent examples of the quality of work done by the SDUK.

Henry Tanner. "Palestine & Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: Carey & Hart, 1844. 14 1/2 x 12. Engraving. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A map of today's Israel and Lebanon by the great American cartographer, Henry Schenck Tanner. Beginning at the end of the second decade of the nineteenth century, Tanner, produced his important American Atlas, the finest American produced atlas to the time. The American Atlas was a huge success and this inspired Tanner, in 1834, to produce his Universal Atlas, of more manageable size. This atlas contained excellent maps of each state, focusing on the transportation network, including roads, railroads and canals. All details are clearly presented and these include towns, rivers mountains, political boundaries and transportation information. In 1844 Carey & Hart issued an updated edition of the Tanner atlas. These maps were later purchased by S. Augustus Mitchell, and then Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., but maps from the early Carey & Hart edition are quite rare. This is a typical example of the maps from that atlas, with excellent and current information from the Gaza to Lebanon. $175

"Palestine and Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, 1847. 15 5/8 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A very informative map of Palestine by S. Augustus Mitchell. The country is broken up into its Turkish provinces with a listing of all thirty eight of them. Palestine, along with many countries in the area, was part of the Ottoman empire starting in 1516 and not ending until World War I. This map also includes a map of the environs of Jerusalem, a list of the ten cities of the Decapolis, icons representing towns mentioned in the sacred scripture, the ancient and modern names of many cities, and an explanation of Arabic appellatives. Finally, there is a notation of the new measurements and exploration of the Dead Sea which is "smaller than usually represented." $150

"Palestine and Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: Thomas Cowperthwait, & Co, 1850. 15 5/8 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

A very informative map of Palestine by Thomas, Cowperthwait & Co., the firm which took over S. Augustus Mitchell's business, hence the close resemblance to his map listed above. $125

Desilver Holy Land
Charles Desilver. "Palestine and Adjacent Countries." Philadelphia: Desilver, 1856. 15 5/8 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

This map is taken from the same plate as the Tanner-Mitchell-Cowperthwait maps listed above. However, its light palette and decorative border give it an elegant appearance. $125

A. J. Johnson. "Johnson's Palestine." New York: Johnson and Ward, 1864. 15 3/4 x 12 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Few scattered spotting. Otherwise, very good condition.

A map of Palestine from Johnson & Ward's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Cities are marked with their scripture, classical, and modern names. Along with an insert of Jerusalem that includes a listing of the major churches, is an illustration of Damascus in the upper left corner. $75

A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Palestine." New York: A.J. Johnson, 1867. 15 1/4 x 11 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

Another map by A. J. Johnson. This one includes an insert of Peninsula of Mt. Sinai complete with the and the path of the Israelites and the route to Mecca. $85

"Map of Modern Palestine showing Ruins, Churches, & Convents." Chicago & Toledo: H.H. Hardesty & Co., 1882. 13 1/2 x 9 1/3. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.

An informative map issued by the H.H. Hardesty & Co. towards the end of the nineteenth century. This map's main focus is on the churches, ruins, and convents. All are indicated by use of identified symbols. $40

"Map of Jerusalem. Reduced from the Ordnance Survey." Ca. 1890. 9 5/8 x 11 3/4. Lithotint. Very good condition. $50

Cram: Birds Eye Holy Land
"Birds-Eye-View of The Holy Land." Engraved by permission from A.J. Marks' large chromo Lithograph. Chicago: Geo. F. Cram, 1891. 7 1/4 x 12 3/8. Plus key to topographical features, landmarks and towns. Lithotint. Very good condition. $75


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