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[ Page two of maps of Europe ]
This cartographic information was used in the Mercator atlases from the beginning in 1570 until the end in 1724. Ortelius' sources included Mercator's 1554 map of Europe, Greenland from Mercator's 1569 world map. Iceland and Great Britain from Mercator while Scandinavia was taken from Olaus Magnus' 1539 map of Scandinavia. Map of Russia is based on Jenkinson, and the southeast part is based on Gastaldi's 1559 map of Asia. Ibid., Broecke. Being the second map in each edition of Ortelius' atlas, this map of Europe was familiar to very many in the Renaissance world. $2,600
Frederick DeWit. "Nova Europæ Descriptio." Amsterdam: F. de Wit, ca. 1680. 17 x 21 1/2 (neatlines) plus full margins. Engraving with hand color. Archival backing repairs bending at centerfold and one small tear at lower left margin. In all, very good condition.
A colorful, seventeenth-century map of Europe drawn by Dutch cartographer Frederick de Wit. De Wit issued maps known for their beautiful engraving and hand coloring, of which this is a good example. It shows Europe to as far west as Iceland and the coast of Greenland and to the east well into Russia and Asia Minor. Carte de figures, of which DeWit was a master illustrator, surround the map with illustrations of the Pope and the Holy Roamn Emperor as well as the kings of Spain, Denmark, Sweden, Poland, France, and Russia (Moscovie) as standing personifications, plus six city views of Rome, Amsterdam, Paris, London, Seville and Prague. Title decoration shows Europa as a goddess holding grapes in one hand and a scepter in the other. $2,800
Gerard and Leonard Valk. "Mare Mediterraneum . . ." Engraving (outline color). Amsterdam: G. & L. Valk, ca. 1695. 19 x 45 1/4 (neat lines). Full margins with small replacements at bottom left and right margins.. Excellent impression.
A very detailed map by Gerard and Leonard Valk, a father and son cartographic publishing firm from Amsterdam. This map shows an amazing amount of topographical scape from the Iberian Peninsula and the tip of Northwest Africa to the Black Sea and Holy Land in the west. Data, including islands, rivers, lakes, mountains, forests, cities, and a plethora of small villages; all are indicated quite clearly by means of the precise engraving and strong impression. While some of this information is inaccurate or imaginary, the map does provide an excellent record of what the entire Mediterranean world was thought to be like by Europeans at the beginning of the eighteenth century. With its interesting shape and original color, this map is also very attractive. $750
Mathew Carey. "Italy and Sardinia from the best Authorities." Philadelphia: M. Carey, 1814. 13 1/8 x 14 1/8. Engraving. Original outline color. Light staining and wear along center fold. Else, very good condition.
An early American map of Italy, one of the first by a prominent Philadelphia cartographer. It was issued by Mathew Carey, one of the seminal figures in early American cartography. Carey, an Irish immigrant, established the first specialized cartographic publishing firm. He set up an elaborate system of craftsmen for engraving, printing, coloring and distributing his maps, and so was important not only for the excellent maps he produced, but also for his setting the pattern for early American map publishing. A excellent and attractive American document. $225
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Willem Blaeu. "Regnorum Hispanae nova descriptio." From Nouvel Atlas. Amsterdam: Willem & Joan Blaeu, 1643-50. 14 3/4 x 19 1/4. Engraving. Excellent original hand color. Soft crease by centerfold. Very good condition. French text on verso.
A striking map of Spain from a series of wonderfully decorative maps by Willem (Guilielmus) Janszoon Blaeu (1571-1638), the progenitor of the famous Blaeu cartographic firm of Amsterdam. Blaeu studied astronomy and sciences with Tycho Brahe, and in 1599 established a globe and instrument making business which soon expanded to include cartographic and geographic publishing. This firm was to go on to become the largest and most important cartographic publishing firms in the world, run by his sons Cornelis (until his death in 1642) and Joan. The maps issued by the Blaeu firm are known for their fine craftsmanship and design, and have been called "the highest expression of Dutch cartographical art." This map, with its excellent original color and clear and precise detail is a premier example of the Blaeu output. Each region of Spain is outlined with a contrasting pastel shade and the major cities are illustrated with city vignettes colored red. Two decorative cartouches and the Spanish royal crest, a sea monster, and two sailing ships add to the wonderful decorative appeal of this excellent map. $850
Abraham Ortelius after Augustin Hirschvogel. "Schlavoniae, Croatiae, Carniae, Istriae, Bosniae, Finitarumque Regionum Nova Descriptio, Auctore Augustino Hirsvogelio." Antwerp: Aegidius Coppen Diesth, ca. 1580. 13 1/4 x 18. Engraving. Full original hand color. Full margins. A few small blemishes, else very good condition. Latin text on verso.
A map of Schlavonia, Croatia, Carnia, Istria and Bosnia from 'the first modern atlas,' Abraham Ortelius' Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, or 'Theater of the World.' The publication of this atlas marked an epoch in the history of cartography, for it is the first uniform and systematic collection of maps of the whole world based only on contemporary knowledge since the days of Ptolemy. In the sixteenth century there was a great increase in interest in maps and charts, and Ortelius, as a businessman with a passion for history and cartography, was at the forefront in meeting this demand. Through his collecting and his antiques business, Ortelius was able to research contemporary maps, becoming the greatest expert of his day in the bibliography of maps. Ortelius based his work on the best maps available, drawing all the maps himself with the celebrated Frans Hogenberg cutting most of the plates. Unlike other atlas-makers, Ortelius cited the authors of the original maps from which he compiled his work. Thus it is not only for his unprecedented achievement in issuing the first modern atlas, but also for his thoughtful and rigorous methodology, that Ortelius belongs amongst the first rank of cartographers. He is very aptly called 'the father of modern cartography.' $650
Girolamo Porro after Giovanni Magini. "Germania." Cologne: Peter Keschedt, 1597. From Giovanni Magini's Geographiae Universaetum Tum Veteris Tum Novae. 5 x 6 5/8. Engraving. Full margins. Very good condition.
Girolamo Porro's modern rendition of Germany, issued in Giovanni Magini's translation of Ptolemy's Geography. Rivers and towns, appear with a good degree of accuracy. The decorative features of the map include bold calligraphy and illustrated mountains, cities and forests. A nice early map of Germany from the end of the sixteenth century. $175
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Gerard Mercator (1512-1594) ranks as one of the greatest cartographers in history, not only for the extremely fine maps he produced, but also for the innovations which he introduced into cartographic science. Until the end of the sixteenth century, Ptolemy's concept of depicting sections of the world in trapezoidal configurations, like gores from a globe, had predominated. Mercator, however, stated that small sections of the earth were not significantly distorted toward the poles if longitude lines were represented as parallel by squares or rectangles. The development of the "Mercator projection," which became the established convention, was particularly important for the improvements it allowed in navigational methods. Jodocus Hondius (1563-1611), who shared a vision similar to Mercator's, took up Mercator's ambitious project after the latter's death, purchasing Mercator's plates in 1604 and publishing a series of editions of the Mercator-Hondius Atlas, beginning in 1606. This series of constantly updated atlases reflected Hondius' continued pursuit of geographical knowledge and craftsmanship in order to produce a superior work. This series of maps are superb, with bright original hand-coloring.
A nice example of Joan Blaeu's map of Moscovy, that is northern and eastern Russia. Considerable trade in Russia in the period came down the Dvina River from Archangel on the White Sea and this map shows all the small towns along that river. Other towns, rivers, lakes and other topography is indicated. Small vignettes of bears and elk populate the lands and two Russian inhabitants and fauna add decorative appeal to the cartouche for the scales of miles in the lower right. The title cartouche in the upper left, with pelts shown hanging from it, is flanked by a small cartouche with the imperial two-headed eagle. A nice map of the period. $575
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William Blaeu. "Lutzenburg Ducatus." Amsterdam: Willem & Joan Blaeu. 1643-50. 15 x 21. Original hand color. Very good condition. French text on verso.
Blaeu's monumental Nouvel Atlas came to include maps of every nation in Europe, as well as smaller regions. These maps were made with great care, both in terms of geographic content, but in the quality of the production. This map of Luxenbourg is beautifully engraved, printed and colored. $750
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Willem Blaeu. "Le Gouvernement de l'Isle de France Par Damien de Templeux Escuyes Sr. du Frestoy." Amsterdam: Willem & Joan Blaeu. 1643-50. 15 x 21. Excellent original hand color. Some light stains in bottom margin. Short separation at bottom of centerfold. Overall, very good condition. French text on verso.
Another attractive map by Blaeu. It shows the heart of France, centering on Paris. A region immortalized by painters like Corot, Pissarro, and Monet. Four decorative cartouches add delightful flourishes to this excellent map. $375
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Joan Blaeu. "Veere." From Novum Magnum Theatrum Urbium Belgicae. Amsterdam: Blaeu, 1649+. Engraving. 16 x 20 1/4. Original hand color. Very good condition. Latin text on verson.
A wonderful plan of Veere, a town is in the Zeeland Province in the southwest Netherlands. The population in 2001 was about 1,500 with about 300 houses; in the Seventeenth and Eirghteenth Centuries there were about 750 houses. The town was officially chartered in 1355, and from 1541 to 1799 it was the staple port for Scotland across the English Chanel. The Blaeu town plans of the Netherlands are favorite images for historians and collectors of the Netherlands. Joan Blaeu was finishing his planned 220 illustrations in 1648 as the Treaty of Westphalia was concluding the war between Spain an the Dutch Republic so the spheres of influence of many towns would be uncertain. Veere was included in the first of two volumes which contained towns in the Protestant North. The other volume contained the Catholic towns (for the most part) which became Belgium. $275
Willem Blaeu after Juris Carolus. "Tabula Islandiae." Amsterdam: Joan Blaeu, 1672+. 15 x 19 1/2. Engraving. Full original hand color. Wide margins. Very good condition. Spanish text on verso. Koeman: 1250:2:2.
A fascinating and wonderfully decorative map of Iceland, made by Willem Blaeu based on the work of Juris Carolus, a Dutch traveler who probably drew his map in the 1620s. Carolus based his rendering on Iceland Bishop Gudbrandur Thorlaksson's map drawn originally in the late sixteenth century. Carolus updated his map and it remained the standard map of Iceland for much of the seventeenth century. Versions were issued by several publishers and this example, by Blaeu, is probably the most desirable of them all. $1,400
Frederick de Wit. "Accuratissima Galliae Tabula." Amsterdam: F. de Wit, ca. 1680. 19 1/8 x 22 1/2. Engravings. Original hand color. Some soft creases at lower centerfold. Else, very good condition.
Frederick de Wit followed in the footsteps of the earlier Dutch cartographic publishers Jansson and Blaeu, and like them, he issued maps known for their beautiful engraving and hand coloring. This map is a fine example of his work, with copious and precise engraving, lovely original hand color, and an elaborate and attractive title cartouche. $650
Tobias Conrad Lotter. "Transylvaniae, Moldaviae, Walachiae, Bulgariae nova et accurata Delineato." 19 1/4 x 22 3/4. Augsburg: T.C. Lotter, ca. 1760. Engraving by Lotter. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A boldly colorful map of Eastern Europe by Tobias Lotter, a prolific German cartographer. The cartographic information is shown in an almost naive manner along with strong coloring typical of Lotter's work. The rococo title cartouche is also typically German in style. Here, three figures are in traditional, regional dress are shown. $350
Maps by John Cowley. From A New and Easy Introduction to the Study of Geography. London, 1777. Seventh edition. Engravings. Ca. 4 1/2 x 5 1/2, unless noted otherwise. Very good condition.
A nice group of small, late eighteenth century maps of different parts of the world by John Cowley, "Geographer to his Majesty."
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