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A graphic illustration of the border between the nascent development of the mid-west and the wilds of the western United States. This map shows Minnesota within a few years of statehood, and the eastern portion of what the Dakota Territory. Minnesota is shown broken into counties, and the southeast into survey quadrants. Towns, roads, and other signs of progressing settlement are indicated. To the west, the eastern part of the Dakota Territory (created the year before) is shown devoid of counties and railroads, and with only five towns large enough to be indicated. Little information was available of the northwestern part illustrated, with the Missouri, a few creeks and two forts the only details shown. A printed text at the top says, "The vast region of Prairies from Red River of the North and Mini Wakan I. to about the Gr. Bend of the Missouri R. is the great Hunting and Fighting Ground of Kdakotah, Odjibwe, Assiniboin, Arikara, Minitarree and other Nations." $150
"Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Colorado, Idaho & Kansas." New York: Johnson & Ward, 1863. 12 3/4 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Very good condition.
A detailed map of northern plain states (present-day Kansas, Nebraska,Colorado, the Dakotas, Wyoming and Montana). This map shows a configuration of this region which lasted only for one year. In 1863,the eastern part of Washington Territory and the western part of Dakota Territory were broken off to form the Idaho Territory, encompassing what today is Idaho, Montana and Wyoming. The next year the eastern part of this huge Idaho Territory, that shown here, was broken off to create the Montana Territory, with the southeastern part temporarily going back into the Dakota Territory. The detail in this map is most impressive, showing rivers, towns, forts, Indian tribes, and the early trails which criss-crossed this region. This map was issued during the Pike's Peak gold rush, so the four main routes to "Auroria" are shown, the distances of the northern and southern-most routes noted on the map. The gold rush towns of Auraria, Denver, and Montana are all shown, though the first two had by then merged into Denver. $250
A.J. Johnson. "Johnson's Nebraska, Dakota, Montana & Kansas." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1864. 12 1/2 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand coloring. Some discoloration and light spotting. Else, very good condition. Denver.
An example of Johnson's map of the northern plains issued about a year after the one above. In 1864, the Montana Territory was broken off from Idaho and at the same time, the area south of this new territory (today's Wyoming) was attached to the Dakota territory, giving that territory a strange butterfly shape it retained for just a year. This map is the first version of the Johnson map to show it thusly. The detail in this map is most impressive, showing rivers, towns, forts, Indian tribes, and the early trails which criss-crossed this region. This map, issued the end of the Civil War, shows these territories just before they were filled with new settlers, miners and other speculators. $175
"Johnson's Minnesota and Dakota." New York: Johnson & Ward, ca. 1865. 12 5/8 x 15 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A later edition of the map above. $145
"County Map of Dakota, Wyoming, Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1870. 20 x 14 3/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. With old repairs at centerfold separation. Otherwise, very good condition.
This map shows the northern plains at a time when the railroads were opening up the region to new settlement. Completed in 1869, the transcontinental railroad ran across the center of the area shown here, from Omaha to the South Pass in western Wyoming. The railroads facilitated the movement of emigrants through and into this area--already begun by the emigration to Oregon, the California Gold Rush and Pike's Peak Gold Rush(noted on this map as "Gold Region"). This led to the creation of new states, such as Kansas (1861), Nebraska (1867), as well as territories such as Colorado, Dakota, Montana, and the just created Wyoming (1869).
This detailed map provides a good topographical picture of the region, with the rivers and mountains depicted, as are the locations of the plains Indian tribes which played such an important (and tragic) role in the opening of the west. The maps also well represents the development of this region, picturing towns, forts, roads and trails. Of particular interest is the depiction of the railroads, which are indicated sometimes following the early routes of explorers, also shown on the map. The Union Pacific Railroad, completed just the year before this map was published, is shown running through Nebraska to Cheyenne and then west, while the two railroads into Denver-one to Cheyenne to meet the Union Pacific and one directly east to Kansas City-both completed just the year this map was issued, are both shown. This is a fine map of the classic "Wild West" of popular lore. $185
"County Map Of Kansas, Nebraska, Dakota, and Minnesota." Chicago: Warner & Beers, 1872. 16 1/2 x 13 1/4. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
An unusual map from the Warner & Beers Atlas of Whiteside Co. (IL), which contained also maps of other Illinois counties and also the H.H. Lloyd Atlas of the United States. Details in Kansas and Nebraska are quite good, showing the extensive development by the early 1870s reaching west along the rail lines, which are clearly market. Minnesota is also shown as well settled, but Dakota-not yet divided into North and South-is relatively sparsely populated except in the south eastern part. $225
"County Map of Colorado, Wyoming, Dakota Montana." Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., 1874. 19 1/2 x 14. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
A later version of the Mitchell map of the northern plains states (cf. above), which is shifted slightly to the northwest, leaving off Kansas which appeared on the earlier version. The reason for that was the establishment of Yellowstone National Park in 1872. On the earlier map, the western parts of Wyoming and Montana (then almost totally unsettled) were not included, but this map shows as far as the headwaters of the Yellowstone River and includes a depiction of the new park. The map also shows the considerable development of Colorado, which was in the middle of the silver boom. New towns and railroads are depicted, providing a good picture of the territory just two years before statehood. $225
"Dakota." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1873. 14 3/4 x 12. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
A map of the Dakota Territory issued by O.W. Gray in Philadelphia. The territory, not yet separated into two, is shown with its counties and what settlements there were at this turbulent time in its history. Settlement is limited to the southeast and along the rivers, while the majority of the territory consists of Indian reservations. Also of interest is the Northern Pacific Railroad line shown crossing the territory as far as "Edwinton," the first name for Bismark. This map was issued just the year before Custer's famous expedition to the Black Hills, which led to the gold rush there. On this map the hills are shown, but only part of the "Reservation For Different Tribes of Sioux Indians." Once gold was discovered there, the Indian rights were ignored as whites poured into the region. A nice image of the territory on the cusp of big changes. $175
Hermann Habenicht. "Vereinigte Staaten von Nord-Amerika in 6 Blättern, Bl. 2." From Stieler's Hand-Atlas. Gotha: Justus Perthes, 1879. Engraving by Metzeroth, Eberhardt, Kramer. Original outline color. Very good condition. Denver.
In the Stieler Hand-Atlas of 1879, there was a large, six sheet map of the United States, showing the country with amazing detail. This is plate 2, the sheet showing the south-central part of the country, focusing on the Dakota Territory and Minnesota, as well as parts of Nebraska and Iowa. Stieler's Hand-Atlas was one of the finest world atlases of the latter 19th century. Known for its maps with clear and precise topographical detail, this atlas continued to include engraved maps to the end of the century. Lakes, rivers, mountains, towns and cities of all sizes, roads and railroads are all clearly presented. The map has particularly good detail on the Dakota Territory, where the Dakota Sioux are prominently marked, as are the reservations of the various tribes of the northern plains. This is as fine a map of the region as any of the date. $125
"Map of North & South Dakota." From Wanamaker Family Atlas of the World. Philadelphia: J. Wanamaker, 1894. Cerograph. 14 x 11 1/2. Very good condition. Denver.
S. Augustus Mitchell started issuing atlases and maps in Philadelphia about 1831 and his firm became one of the most important in the country for much of the following century. He was followed by his son, S. Augustus Mitchell, Jr., who in 1860 began to issue his important New General Atlas, which he published for the next two decades. The atlas was taken over by other publishers in the following years, with regularly updated maps, to as late as 1894. This map came from an atlas published by John Wanamaker using Mitchell's maps. The map shows the states of North and South Dakota just five years after they were admitted as states. Up to 1889, there was but a single Dakota Territory, but it was split into the two states of more manageable size. So neither could claim priority, the documents creating the states were signed so that no one could tell which was signed first. Detail is impressive, showing rivers, counties, towns, railroads and forts throughout. $150
"Rand, McNally & Co.'s South Dakota." Chicago: Rand, McNally & Co., 1908. Separately issued folding map, with original booklet. 12 1/4 x 18 3/4. Cerograph. Full original color. Very good condition. Denver.
An early twentieth century map from the Rand, McNally & Co. firm primarily out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. This is a "pocket map" meant to be sold to travelers, and it folded into a booklet which contained an index to the railroad system, shippers' guide and much else. And as explained on the cover of the booklet, "The Special Features of this Pocket Map are: Locating the Nearest Mailing Point of all Local Places; Designating Money Order Post Offices; Telegraph Stations; and Naming the Express Company Doing Business at the Points where the Several Companies have Offices." The map has impressive topographical and social detail, including settlements, counties, and Indian reservations. One of its features of note is the display of the "entire railroad system" of the state, which each line identified by the use of red stamped numbers explained in a key in the lower right. $125
Geographical Publishing Company. "North Dakota." Chicago: ca. 1930. 14 1/2 x 21. Color screen prints. Very good condition. $55
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