An attractive and interesting map of the southwestern part of the United States from A. J. Johnson's mid-nineteenth century atlas of the world. Johnson, who published out of New York City, was one of the leading cartographic publishers in the latter half of the century, producing popular atlases, geographies and so on. This finely detailed map is an good example of Johnson's output. In the 1860s, the American west was just opening to exploration and settlement, and this is an excellent picture of the region at the time. The maps produced by nineteenth century publishers, issued in regularly updated atlases, let us see these transient stages in the development of the west. This map shows the new territories of Nevada (1861), Colorado (1861) and Arizona (1863). Of note is that Nevada's eastern border extends only to the 115th meridian (it was moved to the 114th the year this map was issued) and the southern "tip" of Nevada is still part of Arizona, as is was for another three years.
Johnson shows the Indian tribes, forts, emigrant trails, and explorers routes. One of the most interesting features of this map is the indication of the proposed railroads. The many trails that were beginning to be used in the west, such as the Cimarron, Santa Fe, and Oregon trails, are indicated, as are the different routes leading to the "Pike's Peak" gold mining regions around Denver. This map was issued in the early days of the building of the trans-continental railway and the proposed routes for the southern Pacific R.R. and both the Central Pacific R.R. and the Union Pacific R.R., which are shown on this map passing each other by, rather than meeting in Utah as they eventually did. $275
"Colton's Map of California, Nevada, Utah, Colorado, Arizona & New Mexico." New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton & Co., 1866. 16 3/4 x 26. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition.
A fascinating map of the southwestern part of the United States by the Colton firm of New York City, issued just after the Civil War. This was a period when the American west was really opening up for settlers and this map captures the region at a very early stage of its development. When issued, the territories had taken on the shape that the states have today, though in this early version of the Colton map of the region Nevada's eastern border is too far west (it was moved in 1864) and the southern tip of what is today Nevada is still part of Arizona, as it was until the following year.
The topographical detail is very good, but it is the social information that is so interesting. Towns, forts, Indian tribes, passes, explorer routes, the pony express, and early trails (e.g. "Emigrant Road") are all depicted. Some of this is quite current, while other aspects are a bit out-of-date (such as still showing Auraria next to Denver City. Of particular note are the indications of early railroads, both proposed and existing, including the proposed route of the "Pacific R.R." In the vast middle parts of this map, the mountains are not fully filled in, but good indications are given of the locations of Indian tribes and mines. California, in contrast to the territories, is shown extensively developed, with many counties, towns, and a network of roads and rail lines. $350
"Colorado." Philadelphia: Wm. M. Bradley, ca. 1887. 16 1/2 x 20 3/8. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. $175
"Colorado." From Cram's Universal Atlas. Chicago: Geo. F. Cram, 1899. 10 1/4 x 13 1/8. Colored cerograph. Very good condition.
The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880s this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. The Chicago firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps using the process of wax engraving or cerography. This is a nice example of the Cram firm's output. Streets and railroads are depicted and named, and rivers, canals, lakes and parks noted. $60
"Colorado." Chicago: George F. Cram & Co., 1904. 13 3/8 x 19 3/4. Colored cerograph. Very good condition.
A colorful and detailed map of Colorado at the beginning of the twentieth century. The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880s this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. The Chicago firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps (using the process of wax engraving or cerography) filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth. This map is typical of the Cram company's work and provides an excellent view of the state, with roads, towns, and topography clearly presented. $70
"Colorado." New York: Hammond, 1909. 8 x 11. Cerograph. Very good condition. $50
"Colorado." Chicago: Cram & Co., 1928. 10 1/4 x 14. Cerograph. Very good condition. $55
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