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A Nation Divided.  The Civil War in contemporary prints
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The Civil War: Views


[ Places | Forts & Camps | Refreshment Saloons | Hospitals | Prisons ]


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Places

Graves of the Highlanders, Knoxville Tenn
Hugh Young. "Graves of the Highlanders. Soldiers Cemetery Knoxville, Tenn." New York: Hugh Young, 1864. Tinted lithograph by Charles Hart. 15 3/4 x 22. With repaired tear at bottom reaching into title, and other minor marginal blemishes. Overall, very good condition.

A moving image of the Soldier's Cemetery outside of Knoxville. This image shows the graves of the 79th N.Y. Volunteer Highlanders. It was based "From a Sketch Taken By A Member of the Regiment [Hugh Young] March, 1864. A solitary member of the regiment stands in front of the graves of the Highlanders, each with a name and details of death, while an officer and family stands at the right. The cemetery is located high on a hill and the surrounding hills and river present a lovely picture tempered by the sadness of the cemetery in the foreground. $850



Forts & Camps

Sachse: Fortress Monroe
E. Sachse & Co. "Camp Hamilton, Fortress Monroe & Rip-Raps, VA." Washington D.C.: C. Bohn, 1862. 8 7/8 x 16 4/8. Tinted lithograph. Full margins. Some old, slight staining, conserved, good condition.

The E. Sachse firm in Baltimore was one of the most respected of the latter half of the nineteenth century. Known especially for prints of Washington and Baltimore, of which they produced over sixty, the images of other mid-Atlantic places are also very fine. This print was drawn, lithographed and copyrighted by the firm, though the publisher is given as Casimir Bohn. The image shows Fortress Monroe, near the mouth of the Chesapeake, with its neighbor, the famous Hygeia Hotel. The Federal fleet is seen in the Chesapeake waters as occupation of this strategic place was necessary for threatening the Confederate capital at Richmond. Most interesting are the fine details of the Union camp with barracks, tents, infantry, cavalry and even telegraph lines. Civil War military history at its best. $600
GoGo to page on the beginning of McClellan's Peninsula Campaign



John B. Bachelder. "The Army of the Potomac. The Wagon Trains of the Army of the Potomac en Route From Chickahominy to James River Va. During the Seven Days Fight (Fording Bear Creek One Mile Below Savage Station) June 29th 1862." Boston: J.B. Bachelder, 1863. Tinted lithograph by J.H. Bufford. 17 x 27 (image) plus margins. Very good condition.

An excellent Civil War print by Jonathan B. Bachelder showing the Army of the Potomac crossing Bear Creek, on June 29th, 1862, with wonderful realism and detail. Bachelder (1825-1894) was a highly esteemed artist of the period, who was known to have spent considerable time during the Civil War in the field, making on-the-spot sketches. This print is clearly based on such sketches, and it is an excellent representation of what must have been a typical scene. The huge baggage train of the Army stretches off in many columns into the distance, where a dust cloud arises on the horizon. Once the river is reached, Bachelder depicts the difficulties of crossing with the wagons. In the foreground, those soldiers that have made it to the other side are seen lounging under trees, sitting around campfires, and generally setting up camp to wait for the rest of the Army. Harry T. Peters, in America on Stone, calls this a rare and fine print. It is indeed a wonderful look at non-battle life in the Union Army. $1,800



Magnus: Carver Barracks
"Carver Barracks, Washington, D.C." New York: C. Magnus, 1864. 11 x 17 1/4. Chromolithograph. Bright colors and clear image. Excellent condition.

This view shows the Carver Barracks within the District of Columbia. The barracks consisted of both wooden buildings and many tents to handle the extra soldiers who were brought in to protect the nation's capital. A dirt road is shown passing through the camp, filled with civilian riders and carriages, and small vignettes of camp life, including hanging out laundry, are shown. $650



Refreshment Saloons

During the Civil War large numbers of soldiers passed through Philadelphia on their way south. Troops from the northeast were ferried across the Delaware River to the foot of Washington Avenue, whence they marched to the depot of the Philadelphia, Wilmington & Baltimore Railroad. There they boarded trains that took them across Gray's Ferry and south towards the war. A local grocer, Barzilai S. Brown, conceived the notion of an organized volunteer group to provide encouragement and sustenance for the soldiers on their brief transit through Philadelphia. His idea led to the opening of the Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon, and this was soon followed by a number of other "refreshment saloons." In these saloons the troops were furnished with washing facilities, food, and the opportunity of writing letters home, which were then stamped for free.

Philadelphia Refreshment Saloons
"How Volunteers Are Treated In Philadelphia." From Harper's Weekly. New York, July 13, 1861. 8 3/4 x 13 3/4. Wood engraving. Very good condition.

The spirit of supporting the troops marching to Philadelphia was strong in the early months of the war and Philadelphia's efforts to help fit into the prevailing mood. This print shows the city's project to provide "Hot Coffee, Free for Volunteers Passing Through Philadelphia." $45



Hospitals

Magnus Soldiers Rest Washington
Charles Magnus. "Soldiers Rest, Washington, D.C." New York: C. Magnus, 1864. Chromolithograph. 10 3/4 x 16 3/4. Bright colors and clear image. Excellent condition.

During the American Civil War, Charles Magnus printed many images for use by military personnel and the general public in the form of letterhead writing paper and envelopes and souvenirs such as this separately issued print. These were sold during the war years and often sent home to show the family where the boys and men were stationed. No doubt, such pictures were sold after the war at regimental reunions, so they had an active market.

This is one of the more interesting prints of a camp in Washington, D.C. because it not only shows the outline and architecture of Soldier's Rest, but also it shows a train arriving amid joyous cheers as well as the surrounding houses on Capitol Hill. To the right background is the U.S. Capitol shown with the Thomas U. Walter dome completed, even though in 1864 the dome was incomplete and had scaffolding on it. $850



"Satterlee U.S. Hospital, West Philadelphia." Supplement to Hospital Register, 1864. Probably printed in Philadelphia, 1864. 8 3/4 x 13. Wood engraving by Van Ingen and Snyder. Printed by Henry Ashmead. Couple repaired tears into image with some soiling in margins. Print has been professionally conserved. Large original margins. Otherwise, fine condition.

A very unusual and rare print of this Civil War hospital in West Philadelphia. Most likely this print was issued in a hospital publication, hence the scarcity. The 4,500 bed Satterlee Hospital, initially called the West Philadelphia General Hospital, was located in an area bounded by present-day Baltimore Avenue and Pine, Forty-third and Forty-sixth Streets. This hospital was opened June 9, 1862, under the supervision of Dr. Isaac J. Hays. The hospital is shown in a bucolic setting of West Philadelphia long before the development of this area of the city. $800



Hospital views by Charles Magnus. New York: Charles Magnus, 1864. Lithographs with original hand color. Ca. 10 1/2 x 17. Very good condition.

During the American Civil War, Charles Magnus printed many images for use by military personnel and the general public in the form of letterhead writing paper and envelopes and souvenirs such as this separately issued print. These were sold during the war years and often sent home to show the family where the boys and men were stationed. No doubt, such pictures were sold after the war at regimental reunions, so they had an active market.



Prisons

None currently available


Other

Sanitary Fair
James Queen. "Buildings of the Great Central Fair, in Aid of the U.S. Sanitary Commission." Philadelphia: P.S. Duval & Son., 1864. 12 3/8 x 26 1/4. Chromolithograph by J. Queen. Some staining in the margins. Printed title enhanced by hand. Otherwise, very good condition. With separate manuscript dedication note. Déak: 789; Prints of Philadelphia: 199; Wainwright: 35.

James Queen, a native Philadelphian, was an accomplished lithographic artist, P.S. Duval's principal draftsman. He drew views, disasters, portraits, music covers, advertisements, certificates, illustrations and any other subject Duval needed. During the Civil War, when artists were in short supply, Duval wrote to a friend: "James Queen is still with us and is now one of the best artists in the country." In June 1864, Philadelphia mounted the Great Central Fair to benefit the U.S. Sanitary Commission, which worked towards the relief of wounded and sick Union troops. Contributions for the fair were raised and temporary buildings were erected on Logan Square. This print depicts the fair buildings from the northwest, with the Cathedral of SS. Peter and Paul shown prominently on the far side. Two large rotundas are portrayed flanking the main exhibit hall, a vaulted gallery designed by Strickland Kneass that extended from Eighteenth to Logan (Nineteenth) Street. The fair lasted only three weeks, but it drew great crowds, especially during President Lincoln's visit on June 16th. The fair was a great success, raising over a million dollars for the cause.

Accompanying this print is the following manuscript note: "Presented to Wm. Stavely, Esq. in testimony of my appreciation of his valuable services as Chairman of the Bucks Co. Pa. Committee on Agriculture, Great Central Fair. Alfred L. Kennedy, Chairman General Committee on Agriculture, Philadelphia July 1, 1864." William Stavely was a respected Bucks County farmer who had a successful career in the printing business prior to his retiring to Bucks County. Alfred L Kennedy (1818-1896) was a physician, born and educated in Philadelphia. He studied civil and mining engineering and also medicine from the University of Pennsylvania. Kennedy was also a well know expert in medical chemistry and botany. During the Civil War he acted as a volunteer surgeon of the 2d army corps in the Gettysburg hospital, and in 1863 was commissioned colonel of volunteer engineers. He was vice president of the American Agricultural Congress and the Pennsylvania Agricultural Society in 1876. $2,100



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