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A nice example of what Carl Wheat called "one of the most beautiful maps ever published by the Army," a map that "is a landmark map for various regions." It shows the region around the "four corners" in the American Southwest, based on surveys from an 1860 expedition led by Captain John N. Macomb to explore the Old Spanish Trail from New Mexico towards Utah. The expedition is important in its confirmation that the Green and "Grand" (now Colorado) Rivers joined to form the Colorado just above the Grand Canyon. The map was printed in 1864, but didn't actually get published until 1875 because of the Civil War.
Wheat's comments on its importance is not only based on its geographical significance, but also because of its documentation of the routes of various explorer's routes, including Macomb's as well as those of Gunnison, Marcy, and Father Escalante and others. The last factor in Wheat's judgments is it striking appearance, where it looks almost three dimensional. This is the result of a technique of depicting topography developed by F.W. Egloffstein, where his intent was to "give his map the appearance of a small plaster model of the country." This was achieved by applying very fine lines on the plate by use of a ruling machine (done by Samuel Sartain), which were then exposed to acid to varying degrees to achieve the desired appearance. Only a few maps where made using this difficult process and this is the finest example thereof. The map is a wonderful depiction of the main drainage areas of the American Southwest, as well as many other features such as pueblos, archaeological sites and settlements, all conveyed with a remarkable appearance that few other maps have every matched. $1,800
"Williams' New Trans-Continental Map of the Pacific R.R. and Routes of Overland Travel to Colorado, Nebraska, The Black Hills, Utah, Idaho, Nevada, Montana California and the Pacific Coast." New York: Henry T. Williams, 1877. 22 3/4 x 36 1/2. Lithography (Osborne's Process) by A.M. Photo-Litho Company, N.Y. Original hand color. Separation at folds repaired on verso. Very good condition. Denver.
A terrific, folding railroad guide of the American West about a decade after the completion of the trans-Continental Railroad. The map extends from Omaha to the west coast and its focus is on that landmark Pacific Railroad, the route of which-with all its stops-is shown with a bold black line. Also depicted in bold are important off-shoot lines, including a number in California, including the Southern Pacific R.R., and lines to Eureka, Nevada, and Denver, Colorado. The Northern Pacific Railroad, then under construction across the northern part of the county, is indicated, but not in bold. Other lines, including proposed routes, and stage routes are also shown. The map highlights the states with contrasting colors and many towns, settlements and forts are named. Orography is graphically indicated and impressively up-to-date, giving a good picture of the topography of the West. On the back of the guide are advertisements for railroad lines, hotels, and time tables. A most graphic and decorative map. $1,200
Go to a sequence of maps of this same area, from about 1860 to 1880
George M. Wheeler. "Map Showing Routes of the River and Land Parties Engaged in Exploring the Grand Cañon of the Colorado." Washington: U.S. Army, -1878. 15 x 16. Tinted photolithograph. With some wear at folds and along left margin. Old repairs on back and along left edge. Overall, good condition. Wheat: 1292. Denver.
A highly detailed, topographical map of the Grand Canyon and surrounding region drawn by P.W. Hamel ad L. Nell under the command of Lieutenant George M. Wheeler, who led a number of expeditions in the area from 1869 to 1871. In 1872, the U.S. Congress authorized a plan to survey the United States west of the 100th meridian and map it at a scale of 8 miles to the inch. Wheeler was put in charge of this huge task, not only charged with the survey, but also to determine the physical nature of the lands, including its mineral and economic potential, and to describe the Native Americans there. This map is one of the resulting maps, issued in 1878, showing the Grand Canyon and surrounding lands in Arizona. Its focus is on the incredible topography of the region, but the map also details wagon roads and trails, passes, settlements and other features of interest. $325
"Gray's Atlas Map of New Mexico and Arizona." Philadelphia: O.W. Gray, 1874. 11 1/2 x 14 1/2. Lithograph. Original hand color. Very good condition. Denver.
An interesting map of these two southwestern territories (both admitted as states in 1912). Arizona had been split off from the original, larger New Mexico territory in 1863 and this map shows the region as it was beginning to develop a decade after the Civil War. Towns, counties and forts are shown throughout. Of particular interest is the information on the railroads in the territory, including the Atlantic & Pacific R.R. and the Texas & Pacific R.R.. Counties are indicated with contrasting shades and topography is shown with hatchuring, both giving the map a pleasant appearance. $150
Maps from George M. Wheeler's U.S. Geographical Surveys West of the 100th Meridian. Drawn by Weyss, Herman & Lang. Washington: GPO, 1876. Photo-Lithographs. 15 x 20 1/4. Very good condition, except as noted. Denver.
In 1872, the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers began the immense project of mapping the United States "West of the 100th Meridian" on a large scale, a program expected to take 15 years. Lieutenant George Wheeler, who had run surveys in Arizona and New Mexico in 1871, was chosen to head this project, leading to yearly surveys of the American West between 1872 and 1878, at which time Congress stopped appropriations because of cost and possible duplication. These maps are from Wheeler's atlas of sheets showing the incredible work which resulted. The detail is amazing, especially given the rough terrain depicted, with that topography shown graphically with hatchuring. The routes of various expeditions noted.
A late nineteenth century map from the early days of the Rand, McNally & Co. firm out of Chicago, a company that would shift the center of cartographic publishing from the east coast to the mid-west. Typical of the firm's work, this map has very good detail, precisely and neatly exhibited. Social information, counties, roads, and much more is neatly illustrated. The firm is known for being able to depict copious data in a clear manner, and on this map that is well demonstrated by the depiction of the impressive topography of the state. Aesthetically and cartographically, it foreshadows the maps of the twentieth century. $65
"Arizona." Chicago: Geo F. Cram, 1883-1899. 11 3/4 x 9 5/8. Wax engraving. Very good condition. Denver.
A colorful, detailed map of Arizona from the latter part of the nineteenth century. The George Cram Company was an engraving and publishing firm from Chicago. In the mid-nineteenth century, the center of cartographic publishing was New York City, but in the 1880's this began to shift towards Chicago with the advent of the Rand, McNally and Cram firms. These firms were noted for their efficient output of precise maps filled with useful and up-to-date political and cultural information, and details on roads, towns, railroads, and so forth.
Lloyd Edwin Smith. "Arizona." From the Centennial Atlas of the World. Ed. by Frederick J. Branom. Chicago: Geographical Publishing Company, 1931. 20 7/8 x 15. Folio. Chromolithograph. Excellent condition.
A large, attractive and detailed map of the state from the early part of the twentieth century. Location index to towns and counties, with census data, on reverse. Full, but narrow margins. VS On Approval
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